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SPECIFIC PATHOGEN-FREE POPULATIONS AND COLONIES: 1990 to date

Adams, S R ; Muchmore, E ; Richardson, J H 
Biosafety.
Pp. 375-420 in NONHUMAN PRIMATES IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH.
B.T. Bennett; C.R. Abee; R. Henrickson, eds. San Diego,
Academic Press, 1995.

Allan, J S
Xenotransplantation at a crossroads:  Prevention versus
progress.
NATURE MEDICINE 2(1): 18-21, 1996.

Allan, J S
Xenotransplantation at a crossroads:  Prevention versus
progress.
AIDS-FORSCHUNG 11(4): 207-211, 1996.

Anonymous 
Comparative medicine program.
Pp. 19-27 in PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS 1991--NATIONAL CENTER FOR
RESEARCH RESOURCES. Research Resources Information Center.
Bethesda, National Inst. of Health, 1991. (NIH publication
No. 92-2309)

April, M 
AIDS animal models program.
ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON NONHUMAN PRIMATE MODELS FOR AIDS 11:
108, 1993. (Abstract)

Armed Forces Retrovirus Research Group 
Summary report:  Workshop on animal models of human
immunodeficiency virus infections in humans. MILITARY
MEDICINE 157(12): 662-664, 1992.

Beck, A M 
Xenograft transplantation:  Blessing or blaspheme?
LAB ANIMAL 24(1): 36-38, 1995.

Buchl, S J; Keeling, M E; Voss, W R
Establishing specific pathogen-free (SPF) nonhuman primate
colonies.
ILAR [INST LAB ANIM RESOUR] JOURNAL 38(1): 22-27, 1997.

Carlson, C S; O'Sullivan, M G; Jayo, M J; Anderson, D K;
Harber, E S; Jerome, W G; Bullock, B C; Heberling, R L
Fatal disseminated cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (herpes B)
infection in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis).
VETERINARY PATHOLOGY 34(5): 405-414, 1997.

Cho, F 
[A newly planned breeding system:  Single male linked with
plural separated females for reproduction of SPF primates
for experimental use.]
REICHORUI KENKYU/ PRIMATE RES 8(2): 226, 1992. (Japanese,
abstract)

Cho, F
New mating system for reproduction of SPF monkeys for
biomedical use.
AUSTRALIAN PRIMATOLOGY 10(2): 8, 1995. (Abstract)

Conlee, K M; Lilly, A A; Taub, D M
Formation of outdoor multimale breeding groups of rhesus
macaques.
IPS/ASP CONGRESS ABSTRACTS (1996): #671, 1996. (Abstract)

Desrosiers, R C
The value of specific pathogen-free rhesus monkey breeding
colonies for AIDS research. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN
RETROVIRUSES 13(1): 5-6, 1997.
(Letter)

Dubois, A; Fiala, N; Berg, D E; Perez-Perez, G; et al 
Omeprazole-clarithromycin-based therapy can cure
Helicobacter pylori infection in rhesus monkeys.
GASTROENTEROLOGY 110(4, suppl): A898, 1996.
(Abstract)

Ely, J ; Manis, G S ; MacArthur, N M ; Keeling, M ; et al 
Maintenance of genetic variability in an SPF colony.
Pp. 51 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Ely, J J ; Manis, G S ; Keeling, M E ; Stone, W H 
Maintenance of genetic variability in a specific
pathogen-free breeding colony.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 44(3): 211-216, 1994.

Guly, C
To breed or not to breed?  Health Canada faces a monkey
dilemma.
CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL 157(9): 1192, 1997.

Hilliard JK; Ward JA
B-virus specific-pathogen-free breeding colonies of macaques
(Macaca mulatta): Retrospective study of seven years of
testing.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 49(2): 144-148, 1999.

Hilliard, J K ; Lipper, S L ; War, J 
Herpes B virus:  Issues, surveillance and results.
Pp. 50-51 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL
PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992.
(Abstract)

Hilliard, J K ; Ward, J A 
B virus specific pathogen-free breeding colonies of
macaques: Retrospective study of four years of surveillance.
CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY 15:
195, 1994. (Abstract)

Hilliard, J K; Ward, J A
A virus specific-pathogen-free breeding colonies of
macaques:  Case histories of animals tested in the fifth
year.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 45(4): 454 1995.
(Abstract)  Reprinted in: Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 34(4):
45-46, 1995.

Hirsch, V M ; Myers, G ; Johnson, P R 
Genetic diversity and phylogeny of primate lentiviruses.
Pp. 221-240 in HIV MOLECULAR ORGANIZATION, PATHOGENICITY AND
TREATMENT. W.J.W. Morrrow; N.L. Haigwood, eds. Amsterdam,
Elsevier, 1993.
(ISBN 0-444-89521-3)

Kanthaswamy S; Smith DG
Use of microsatellite polymorphisms for paternity exclusion
in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). PRIMATES 39(2):
135-145, 1998.

Kessler, M J ; Hilliard, J K 
Seroprevalance of B virus (Herpesvirus simiae) antibodies in
a naturally formed group of rhesus macaques.
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL PRIMATOLOGY 19(2): 155-160, 1990.

Klots IN; Rezikyan SA; Indzhiya LV; Chalyan VG; Meishvili
NV; Lapin BA
[Development of a method for creating a colony of Macaca
mulatta, free of herpes B virus infection.] ZHURNAL
MIKROBIOLOGII, EPIDEMIOLOGII I IMMUNOBIOLOGII (3): 67-68,
1998. (Russain w/ English summary)

Krugner-Higby, L ; Schultz, K T 
Herpesvirus simiae (Herpes B) and SIV as zoonoses.
LAB ANIMAL 24(3): 24-25 & 28-31, 1995.

Kyes RC; Sajuthi D; Morton WR; Smith OA; Agus Lelana RP;
Pamungkas J; Iskandriati D; Iskandar E; Crockett CM
The Tinjil Island natural habitat breeding facility: A
decade of operation.
JURNAL PRIMATOLOGI INDONESIA 1(1): 1-8, 1997.

Kyes, R C 
Survey of the long- tailed macaques introduced onto Tinjil
Island, Indonesia.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 31(1): 77-83, 1993.

Kyes, R C ; Lelana, R P A ; Pamungkas, J ; Iskandriati, D ;
Sajuthi, D 
Natural habitat breeding of primates in Indonesia:  A
conservationally sound approach to a sustainable resource.
PRIMATE REPORT 41: 43-53, 1995.

Lerche, N W ; Yee, J L ; Jennings, M B 
Establishing specific retrovirus-free breeding colonies of
macaques: Principles, practices, problems and progress.
Pp. 51 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Lerche, N W ; Yee, J L ; Jennings, M B 
Establishing specific retrovirus-free breeding colonies of
macaques:  An approach to primary screening and
surveillance.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 44(3): 217-221, 1994.

Litton KJ; Izard MK
Reproductive statistics in a specific pathogen-free breeding
colony of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). AMERICAN JOURNAL
OF PRIMATOLOGY 49(1): 74, 1999. (Abstract)

Matsubayashi, K ; Gotoh, S ; Kawamoto, Y ; Nozawa, K ;
Watanabe, T ; Takasaka, M ; Narita, T ; Griffiths, O ;
Stanley, M -A 
Hematological, parasitological and microbiological
examinations on crab-eating macaques in Mauritius.
KYOTO UNIVERSITY OVERSEAS RESEARCH REPORT OF STUDIES ON
ASIAN NON-HUMAN PRIMATES 8: 1-10, 1991.

Matsubayashi, K ; Gotoh, S ; Kawamoto, Y ; Watanabe, T ;
Nozawa, K ; Takasaka, M ; Narita, T ; Griffiths, O ;
Stanley, M -A 
Clinical examinations on crab-eating macaques in Mauritius.
PRIMATES 33(2): 281-288, 1992.

Maurin-Blanchet H
[Primates for biomedical research: Discovery of a controlled
supply of cynomolgus in Mauritius.] PRIMATOLOGIE. 1:
547-556, 1998. (French)

Mehlman, P T ; April, M ; Whitney, R 
NCRR/SPF breeding program:  Demography and production.
Pp. 50 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Michaels MG
Xenotransplant-associated infections.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 48(3): 228-233, 1998.

Moon, M A 
Diagnosis of Herpesvirus simiae infection.
RESEARCH RESOURCES REPORTER 16(3): 11-13, 1992.

Morton, W R ; Kyes, R C ; Kyes, K B ; Knitter, G H ;
Sajuthi, D ; Iskandriati, D ; Pamungkas, J 
Development of a natural-habitat breeding facility for
nonhuman primates.
JAVMA [J AM VET MED ASSOC] 206(4): 469-475, 1995.

Mukai, R ; Narita, T ; Kobayashi, R ; Fujimoto, K ;
Takasaka, M ; Honjo, S 
Survey of viral infections in nonhuman primates at Tsukuba
Primate Center for medical science.
Pp. 399-408 in TOPICS IN PRIMATOLOGY.  VOL. 3:  EVOLUTIONARY
BIOLOGY, REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY, AND VIROLOGY. S.
Matano; R.H. Tuttle; H. Ishida, et al., eds. Tokyo,
University of Tokyo Press, 1992.

Narita, T ; Mukai, R ; Kohno, A ; Takasaka, M 
[TPC's laboratory-bred cynomolgus monkeys - Natural
infections with various pathogenic agents in laboratory-bred
cynomolgus monkeys.]
TPC NEWS 10(1): 15-20, 1991. (Japanese w/ supplementary
English summary)

Nasto, B
Germ-free monkeys advance the war against AIDS.
NCRR [NAT CTR RES RESOUR] REPORTER 21(3): 12-13, 1997.

National Center for Research Resources 
RESOURCES FOR COMPARATIVE BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH:  A RESEARCH
RESOURCES DIRECTORY, REVISED APRIL 1991. Bethesda, Nat. Ctr
for Res. Resources, NIH, 1991, 72 pp. (NIH Publication No.
91-1431)

National Center for Research Resources 
MAMMALIAN MODELS FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH:  A RESEARCH
RESOURCES DIRECTORY, REVISED 1994.
Bethesda, NCRR Research Resources Information Ctr, 1994, 82
pp.

National Center for Research Resources 
COMPARATIVE MEDICINE RESOURCES:  A RESEARCH RESOURCES
DIRECTORY. Bethesda, NCRR/NIH, 1997, 94 pp.

National Center for Research Resources
COMPARATIVE MEDICINE RESOURCES: 1999 DIRECTORY.
Bethesda, NCRR, 1999, 123 pp..

Palca, J 
The Indonesia, Russia connections.
SCIENCE 256(5064): 1631, 1992.

Pamungkas, J ; Bielitzki, J T ; Watanabe, R A ; Thouless, M
; Kuller, L ; Schmidt, A M ; Tsai, C -C ; Sajuthi, D ;
Morton, W R 
Prevalence of certain infectious diseases in feral Macaca
fascicularis from Indonesia. AAZV [AM ASSOC ZOO VET] ANNUAL
PROCEEDINGS (1992): 303-305, 1992.

Pamungkas, J ; Sajuthi, D ; Lelana, P A ; Joeniman, B ; et
al 
Tinjil Island, a natural habitat breeding facility of simian
retrovirus-free Macaca fascicularis.
Pp. 198-199 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL
PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Port, C D ; Dal Corobbo, M 
A herpes B virus antibody negative macaque colony.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 40(5): 549, 1990. (Abstract)

Quimby, F W 
Twenty-five years of progress in laboratory animal science.
LABORATORY ANIMALS 28(2): 158-171, 1994.

Roberts, J ; Short, J ; Cello, S 
Development of a Herpes simiae and retrovirus free Macaca
mulatta breeding colony. Pp. 113 in XIIITH CONGRESS OF THE
INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY ABSTRACTS. Nagoya, IPS,
1990. (Abstract)

Roberts, J ; Short, J ; Cello, S 
Development of a Herpes simiae and retrovirus free Macaca
mulatta breeding colony:  Progress report. Pp. 679-682 in
PRIMATOLOGY TODAY. A. Ehara; T. Kimura; O. Takanaka; M.
Iwamoto, eds. Amsterdam, Elsevier Sci. Publ., 1991.

Roberts, J A ; Short, J ; Lerche, N 
Use of a sentinel program for infectious disease
surveillance in nonhuman primates. CONTEMPORARY TOPICS IN
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 31(4): 5, 1992. (Abstract)

Sauber, J J ; Fanton, J W ; Harvey, R C ; Golden, J G 
An attempt to eradicate Herpesvirus simiae from a rhesus
monkey breeding colony. LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 42(5):
458-462, 1992.

Schapiro, S 
Breeding specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rhesus monkeys:  The
development and progress of a national program in the USA.
Pp. 49 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Bloomsmith, M A ; Keeling, M E 
A comparison of the effects of physical and feeding
enrichment on singly caged specific pathogen free (SPF)
rhesus monkey yearlings.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 20(3): 231-232, 1990.
(Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Bloomsmith, M A ; Keeling, M E 
Short-term effects of environmental enrichment on the
behavior of singly-caged specific pathogen free (SPF) rhesus
monkey yearlings.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 20(3): 232, 1990. (Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Bloomsmith, M A ; Kessel, A L ; Bushong, D ;
et al 
Effects of environmental enrichment on the social behavior
of pair-housed juvenile specific pathogen free (SPF) rhesus
monkeys.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 24(2): 133-134, 1991.
(Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Bloomsmith, M A ; Kessel, A L ; Keeling, M E 
Effects of environmental enrichment on plasma cortisol
levels of juvenile specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rhesus
monkeys.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 24(2): 134, 1991. (Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Lee-Parritz, D E ; Taylor, L L ; Watson, L ;
et al 
Behavioral management of specific-pathogen-free (SPF) rhesus
macaques.
Pp. 52 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Schapiro, S J ; Lee-Parritz, D E ; Taylor, L L ; Watson, L ;
Bloomsmith, M A ; Petto, A 
Behavioral management of specific pathogen-free rhesus
macaques:  Group formation, reproduction, and parental
competence.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 44(3): 229-234, 1994.

Schapiro, S J; Bloomsmith, M A; Suarez, S A; Porter, L M
Maternal behavior of primiparous rhesus monkeys:  Effects of
limited social restriction and inanimate environmental
enrichment.
APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR SCIENCE 45(1-2): 139-149, 1995.

Schapiro, S J; Bloomsmith, M A; Porter, L M; Suarez, S A
Enrichment effects on rhesus monkeys successively housed
singly, in pairs, and in groups. APPLIED ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR
SCIENCE 48(3-4): 159-171, 1996.

Schapiro, S J; Porter, L M; Suarez, S A; Bloomsmith, M A
Age and social experience affect the breeding performance of
subadult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).
CONTEMPORARY TOPICS IN LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 34(5):
93-95, 1995.

Scott, G B D 
COMPARATIVE PRIMATE PATHOLOGY.
New York, Oxford University Press, 1992, xv, 288 pp.

Smith, D G 
Genetic heterogeneity in five captive specific pathogen-free
groups of rhesus macaques. LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 44(3):
200-210, 1994.

Smith, D G ; Rolfs, B K 
Genetic subdivision among SPF groups of rhesus macaques.
Pp. 52 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Snook, S S 
Herpesvirus B.
CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY NEWSLETTER 14(6): 41-43, 1992.

Solnick J; Canfield DR; Hansen LM; Torabian SZ
Immunization against Helicobacter pylori with recombinant
urease in specific pathogen (Helicobacter) free rhesus
monkeys (Macaca mulatta).
GASTROENTEROLOGY 116(4 pt 2): A315, 1999. (Abstract)

Solnick JV; Canfield DR; Yang S; Parsonnet J
The rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) model of Helicobacter
pylori: Serodetection and selection of specific
pathogen-free animals.
GASTROENTEROLOGY 114(4, suppl): A290, 1998. (Abstract)

Solnick JV; Canfield DR; Yang SF; Parsonnet J
Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) model of Helicobacter pylori:
Noninvasive detection and derivation of
specific-pathogen-free monkeys.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 49(2):: 197-201, 1999.

Solnick, J V; Canfield, D R; Parsonnet, J
Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in rhesus
monkeys.
GASTROENTEROLOGY 110(4, suppl): A261, 1996. (Abstract)

Stanley-Griffiths, M -A 
The breeding of naturally occurring B-virus-free cynomolgus
monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) on the Island of Mauritius.
CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY 15:
374, 1994. (Abstract)

Takasaka M; Narita T; Mukai R
[Establishing an SPF colony of cynomolgus monkeys.]
TPC NEWS 17(1): 17-21, 1998.

Taylor, L L 
Sex ratios for births and stillbirths in a new SPF rhesus
monkey colony, 1991-1993. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
33(3): 244, 1994.
(Abstract)

Vogel, P ; Weigler, B J ; Kerr, H ; Hendrickx, A G ; Barry,
P A 
Seroepidemiologic studies of cytomegalovirus infection in a
breeding population of rhesus macaques. LABORATORY ANIMAL
SCIENCE 44(1): 25-30, 1994.

Voss, W R ; Buchl, S J ; Keeling, M E ; Hilliard, J ; et al 
Derivation strategy for establishing a Macaca mulatta
(rhesus) colony specifically pathogen-free of herpes B virus
and simian retrovirus.
AALAS BULLETIN 30(4): 18-19, 1991. (Abstract)

Wagner, J L ; April, M ; Whitehair, L A 
The development and progress of the specific-pathogen-free
(SPF) breeding and research program of the National
Institutes of Health.
Pp. 49-50 in XIVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL
PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Strasbourg, IPS, 1992. (Abstract)

Ward, J A ; Hilliard, J K 
B virus-specific pathogen-free (SPF) breeding colonies of
macaques: Issues, surveillance, and results in 1992.
LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 44(3): 222-228, 1994.

Watson, L M; Lee-Parritz, D E; Petto, A J; Lareau-Alves, M N
Effect of social rearing conditions on affiliative and
reproductive behaviors of adult unimale/multifemale-grouped
rhesus macaques:  A case study.
CONTEMPORARY TOPICS IN LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCE 34(6):
66-69, 1995. Comment & reply: 35(2): 6, 1996.

Weigler, B J 
Biology of B virus in macaque and human hosts:  A review.
CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES 14(2): 555-567, 1992.

Weigler, B J ; Scinicariello, F ; Hilliard, J K 
Risk of venereal B virus (cercopithecine herpesvirus 1)
transmission in rhesus monkeys using molecular epidemiology.
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES 171(5): 1139-1143, 1995.

Westergaard GC; Izard MK; Drake JH; Suomi SJ; Higley JD
Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) group formation and housing:
Wounding and reproduction in a specific pathogen free (SPF)
colony.
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 49(4): 339-347, 1999.