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Press Release, from Conservation International, 6/24/02
Headline: Two New Monkey Species Discovered

Primates Found in Brazil's Amazon Rain Forest
Washington, DC - Conservation International announced today the discovery of two 
new species of titi monkey in Brazil's Amazon rain forest. The findings are published 
in a just-released special supplement to the journal Neotropical Primates.
	They were described by Marc van Roosmalen, a primatologist at Brazil's 
National Institute for Amazon Research (INPA), his son, Tomas van Roosmalen, and 
Russell Mittermeier, president of Conservation International and chair of the World 
Conservation Union (IUCN) Species Survival Commission's Primate Specialist 
Group.
	"Even though our closest living relatives, the primates, have been very well-
studied for the past four decades, we are once again surprised by the discovery of 
even more species," said Mittermeier. "It proves how much we still need to learn 
about biological diversity, especially in the tropical rainforests."
	One of the species, Callicebus bernhardi, or Prince Bernhard's titi monkey, is 
remarkable for its dark orange sideburns, chest and the inner sides of its limbs, its 
reddish-brown back, and a white-tipped black tail. It lives between the east bank of 
the Rio Madeira and the lower reaches of its tributary, the Rio Aripuaña, south of 
the Amazon River.
	Callicebus bernhardi is named for His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard of the 
Netherlands, a noted naturalist who created the Order of the Golden Ark to honor 
conservationists internationally. This prestigious award was bestowed upon co-
authors Marc Van Roosmalen and Russell Mittermeier in recent years. Van 
Roosmalen will present the discovery to the Prince at Soestdijk Palace in Holland on 
June 25, four days before the Prince's 91st birthday.
	Prince Bernhard will also receive a special portrait of his monkey by Stephen 
Nash, CI's technical illustrator, who has made major contributions to primate 
conservation worldwide through his posters and educational materials. The second 
new species, Callicebus stephennashi, is named after Nash, who works for 
Conservation International and is based at the Department of Anatomical Sciences 
at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.
	Callicebus stephennashi, or Stephen Nash's titi monkey, is silver in color, with a 
black forehead and red sideburns, chest and inner sides of limbs. Since fishermen 
brought it to Van Roosmalen's Breeding Center for Endangered Wildlife in Manaus, 
it is uncertain where it lives. Van Roosmalen believes it came from the eastern bank 
of the Rio Purús in Central Amazonia. 	"I am currently using my new discoveries 
to convince the Brazilian government to create nature reserves in the areas where I 
have found these species and where others, yet unknown to science, are likely to 
live," says Marc van Roosmalen. "The Amazon is extremely rich in biodiversity, and 
these newly-discovered creatures should be regarded as flagship species." 
	Scientists have described 24 monkeys new to science since 1990, according 
to Anthony Rylands, senior director at the Center for Applied Biodiversity Science 
at Conservation International, 13 of which are from Brazil. Including these two new 
monkeys, Brazil now has 95 species of primates, far more than any other country, 
and 134 species and subspecies, close to one-quarter of the global total. Van 
Roosmalen and Mittermeier have previously described four other new monkey 
species.
	Titi monkeys are about the size of a small cat. They live in the dense 
understory of the South American tropical forests in small family groups of a mated 
pair and their offspring. Twenty-eight species, each with unique and colorful fur 
patterns, are now known to occur over a large part of the Amazon basin and the 
Atlantic forest of eastern Brazil.

For more information and drawings of the new species visit the Conservation 
International Website at:

http://www.conservation.org/xp/CIWEB/newsroom/press_releases/062402.xml
and the National Geographic website at:

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/06/0624_020624_TVprimate.html