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Conservation of Hainan gibbon (on-going)
Field Study in Asia
Location of Site: CHINA, Hainan Island

Director: Jiang, Haisheng
Phone: 0086-20-84192536   Fax: 0086-20-84183704   E-Mail:
105 Xingang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510260 CHINA

Sponsoring Institution(s): Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden

Research Objectives: Study the habitat structure of gibbons and the habitat values of rainforests influenced by human in different degrees.

Field Positions and Volunteers: N/A

Species Studied: Nomascus hainanus (crested gibbon)

Other Species at Site: Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)

Publications: Liu, Z., Zhang, Y., Jiang, H. and Southwick, C. 1989. Population structure of Hylobates concolor in Bawanglin Nature Reserve, Hainan, China. American Journal of Primatology 19: 247-1254.

Liu, Z. and Tan, C. 1990. An analysis on habitat structure of the Hainan gibbon. Acta Theriologica Sinica 10: 163-169. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Zhang, Y. 1992. Hainan gibbon (Hylobates concolor hainanus) threatened. Asian Primates âA Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group 2(1): 6.

Zhang, Y. and Sheeran, L. 1994. Current status of the Hainan black gibbon (Hylobates concolor hainanus). Asian Primates â A Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group 3(3-4): 3.

Song, X. J., Jiang, H. S., Chen, K., Zhang, J. F., Wang, C. H., 1999. The survey report of Hainan gibbon. Unpublished report.

Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, 2001. Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Bawangling National Nature Reserve and Wangxia Limestone Forest, Western Hainan, 3 to 8 April 1998. South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series: No. 2. KFBG,Hong Kong SAR, ii + 33 pp.

Fellowes, John and Bosco Chan, 2004. Hainan Gibbon: concerted action for the worldâs most endangered ape. Living Forests 7, 22-24.

Wu, W., Wang, X. M., CLARO, F. et al., 2004. The current status of the Hainan black-crested gibbon Nomascus sp. cf. nasutus hainanus in Bawangling National Nature Reserve, Hainan, China. Oryx, 38(4): 452-456.

Geissmann, T. & Chan, B. 2004: The Hainan black crested gibbon: Most critically endangered ape. Folia Primatologica 75, Supplement 1: 116 (Abstract only).

Chan, B.P.L., J.R. Fellowes, T. Geissmann and J. Zhang, 2005. Hainan Gibbon Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, Version 1 (last updated November 2005). Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden Technical Report No. 3. KFBG, Hong Kong, 32 pp.

Chan, B.P.L., Lee, K.S., Zhang, J.F. and Su, W.B. 2005. Notable bird records from Bawangling National Nature Reserve, Hainan Island, China. Forktail 21: 33-41.

Zhou, J., Wei, F. W., LI, M., et al., 2005. Hainan black-crested gibbon is headed for extinction. International Journal of Primatology, 26(2): 453-465.

Lin, J. Y., Mo, L. J., Zhuang, X. Y., Chen, Q., Chen, S. H., Zhang, J. F., 2006. Niche breadth and overlap of the feeding plants in the forest communities as habitats for Nomascus hainanus. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 27(4): 52-57.

Lin, J. Y., Mo, L. J., Zhuang, X. Y., Chen, Q., Chen, S. H., Zhang, J. F., 2006. The biogeographical study of Hainan gibbonâs food. Tropical Forestry, 34(3): 21-25.

Mootnick, A.R., Wang X.M., Moisson, P., Chan, B.P.L., Fellowes, J.R. and Nadler, T., 2007. Hainan Gibbon, Nomascus hainanus (Thomas, 1892). Pp. 16-17 in: Primates in Peril: The Worldâs 25 Most Endangered Primates 2006-2008, R.A. Mittermeier et al. (compilers). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (PSG), International Primatological Society (IPS) and Conservation International (CI), Arlington, VA.

Fellowes, J.R., Chan B.P.L., Zhou J., Chen S.H., Yang S.B. and Ng S.C., 2008. Current status of the Hainan Gibbon (Nomascus hainanus): progress of population monitoring and other priority actions. Asian Primates Journal 1(1): 2-9.

Comments: Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden, a Hong Kong conservation organisation, has been working with the Bawangling National Nature Reserve management office since 2003 to support conservation of the Hainan Gibbon. Our work has included support for monitoring by staff, reforestation, and some research. Contact John Fellowes ( for details.

Last Updated: 2010-02-24

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