Primate Info Net Banner Wisconsin PRC Logo

Yellow baboon
Papio cynocephalus

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Papio cynocephalus, search PrimateLit.


Alberts SC, Altmann J. 1995a. Balancing costs and opportunities: dispersal in male baboons. Am Natural 145(2): 279-306.

Alberts SC, Altmann J. 1995b. Preparation and activation: determinants of age at reproductive maturity in male baboons. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 36(6): 397-406.

Alberts SC, Altmann J. 2001. Immigration and hybridization patterns of yellow and anubis baboons in and around Amboseli, Kenya. Am J Primatol 53(4): 139-54.

Alberts SC, Altmann J, Wilson ML. 1996. Mate guarding constrains foraging activity of male baboons. Anim Behav 51(6): 1269-77.

Alberts SC, Watts HE, Altmann J. 2003. Queuing and queue-jumping: long-term patterns of reproductive skew in male savannah baboons, Papio cynocephalus. Anim Behav 65(4): 821-40.

Altmann J. 1980. Baboon mothers and infants. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. 242 p.

Altmann SA, editor. 1967. The structure of primate social communication. In: Social communication among primates. Chicago (IL): Chicago Univ Pr. p 325-62.

Altmann SA. 1970. The pregnancy sign in savannah baboons. Lab Anim Med 6: 7-10.

Altmann SA. 1974. Baboon, space, time and energy. Am Zool 14: 221-48.

Altmann SA. 1998. Foraging for survival: yearling baboons in Africa. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. 609 p.

Altmann J, Alberts SC. 2005. Growth rates in a wild primate population: ecological influences and maternal effects. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 57(5): 490-501.

Altmann SA, Altmann J. 1970. Baboon ecology: African field research. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. 220 p.

Altmann J, Hausfater G, Altmann SA. 1988. Determinants of reproductive success in savannah baboons, Papio cynocephalus. In: Clutton-Brock TH, editor. Reproductive success: studies of individual variation in contrasting breeding systems. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. p 403-18.

Altmann J, Schoeller D, Altmann SA, Muruthi P, Sapolsky RM. 1993. Body size and fatness of free-living baboons reflect food availability and activity levels. Am J Primatol 30(2): 149-61.

Bentley-Condit VK, Smith EO. 1999. Female dominance and female social relationships among yellow baboons (Papio hamadryas cynocephalus). Am J Primatol 47(4): 321-34.

Bronikowski AM, Altmann J. 1996. Foraging in a variable environment: weather patterns and the behavioral ecology of baboons. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 39(1): 11-25.

Buchan JC, Alberts SC, Silk JB, Altmann J. 2003. True paternal care in a multi-male primate society. Nature 425(6954): 179-81.

Carlsson HE, Schapiro SJ, Farah I, Hau J. 2004. Use of primates in research: a global overview. Am J Primatol 63(4): 225-37.

Cheney DL, Seyfarth RM. 1990. How monkeys see the world: inside the mind of another species. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. 377 p.

Combes SL, Altmann J. 2001. Status change during adulthood: life-history by-product or kin selection based n reproductive value? Proc Royal Soc London 268: 1367-73.

Drews C. 1995. Road kills of animals by public traffic in Mikumi National Park, Tanzania, with notes on baboon mortality. Afr J Ecol 33(2): 89-100.

Drews C. 1996. Contexts and patterns of injuries in free-ranging male baboons (Papio cynocephalus). Behaviour 133(5-6): 443-74.

FitzGibbon CD, Mogaka H, Fanshawe JH. 2000. Threatened mammals, subsistence harvesting, and high human population densities: a recipe for disaster? In: Robinson JG, Bennett EL, editors. Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York: Columbia Univ Pr. p 154-67.

Fridman EP, Popova VN. 1988b. Species of the genus Papio (Cercopithecidae) as subjects of biomedical research: I. Biological basis of experiments on baboons. J Med Primatol 17(6): 291-307.

Fridman EP, Popova VN. 1988a. Species of the genus Papio (Cercopithecidae, Primates) as subjects of biomedical research: II. Quantitative characteristics of contemporary use of baboon species in medical and biological investigations. J Med Primatol 17(6): 309-18.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hall KRL, DeVore I. 1965. Baboon social behavior. In: DeVore I, editor. Primate behavior: field studies of monkeys and apes. New York: Holt Rinehart Winston. p 53-110.

Hausfater G. 1975. Dominance and reproduction in baboons (Papio cynocephalus): a quantitative analysis. Contributions to primatology, Vol. 7. Basel (Switzerland ): S. Karger. 150 p.

Jolly CF. 1993. Species, subspecies, and baboon systematics. In: Kimbel WH, Martin LB, editors. Species, species concepts, and primate evolution. New York : Plenum Pr. p 67-107.

Jolly CF, Phillips-Conroy JE. 2005. "White babies" and the zone of contact and probably intergradation among three distinct baboon allotaxa in the Luangwa valley, Zambia [Abstract]. Am J Phys Anthro Suppl 40: 123.

Lambert JE, Whitham JC. 2001. Cheek pouch use in Papio cynocephalus. Folia Primatol 72(2): 89-91.

Maples WR, Maples MK, Greenhood WF, Walek ML. 1976. Adaptations of crop-raiding baboons in Kenya. Am J Phys Anthro 45: 309-16.

Muoria PK, Karere GM, Moinde NN, Suleman MA. 2003. Primate census and habitat evaluation in the Tana delta region, Kenya. Afr J Ecol 41(2): 157-63.

Noë R, Sluijter AA. 1995. Which adult male savanna baboons form coalitions? Int J Primatol 16(1): 77-105.

Norton GW, Rhine RJ, Wynn GW, Wynn RD. 1987. Baboon diet: a five-year study of stability and variability in the plant feeding and habitat of the yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) of Mikumi National Park, Tanzania . Folia Primatol 48(1-2): 78-120.

Post DG. 1982. Feeding behavior of yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) in the Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Int J Primatol 3(4): 403-30.

Rasmussen KLR. 1986. Spatial patterns and peripheralisation of yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) during sexual consortships. Behaviour 97(1-2): 161-80.

Rhine RJ, Norton GW, Wasser SK. 2000. Lifetime reproductive success, longevity, and reproductive life history of female yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) of Mikumi National Park, Tanzania. Am J Primatol 51(4): 229-41.

Rhine RJ, Norton GW, Wynn GM, Wynn RD. 1985. Weaning of free-ranging infant baboons (Papio cynocephalus) as indicated by one-zero and instantaneous sampling of feeding. Int J Primatol 6(5): 491-9.

Ross C. 1991. Life history patterns of New World monkeys. Int J Primatol 12(5): 481-502.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263 p.

Samuels A, Altmann J. 1986. Immigration of a Papio anubis male into a group of Papio cynocephalus baboons and evidence for an anubis- cynocephalus hybrid zone in Amboseli, Kenya. Int J Primatol 7(2): 131-8.

Samuels A, Altmann J. 1991. Baboons of the Amboseli Basin: demographic stability and change. Int J Primatol 12(1): 1-19.

Samuels A, Silk JB, Altmann J. 1987. Continuity and change in dominance relations among female baboons. Anim Behav 35(3): 785-93.

Semple S, McComb K, Alberts S, Altmann J. 2002. Information content of female copulation calls in yellow baboons. Am J Primatol 56(1): 43-56.

Silk JB, Alberts SC, Altmann J. 2004. Patterns of coalition formation by adult female baboons in Amboseli, Kenya. Anim Behav 67(3): 573-82.

Stein DM. 1984. Ontogeny of infant-adult male relationships during the first year of life for yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus). In: Taub DM, editor. Primate paternalism. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p 213-43.

Struhsaker TT. 1967. Ecology of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) in the Masai-Amboseli Game Reserve, Kenya. Ecology 48: 891-904.

Wahungu GM. 1998. Diet and habitat overlap in two sympatric primate species, the Tana crested mangabey Cercocebus galeritus and yellow baboon Papio cynocephalus. Afr J Ecol 36(2): 159-73.

Wahungu GM. 2001. Common use of sleeping sites by two primate species in Tana River, Kenya. Afr J Ecol 39(1): 18-23.

Walker A. 1984. Mechanisms of honing in the male baboon canine. Am J Phys Anthro 65(1): 47-60.

Content last modified: January 6, 2006