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Woolly monkey

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Lagothrix, search PrimateLit.


Ange-van Heugten K, Timmer S, Jansen WL, Verstegen MWA. 2008. Nutritional and health status of woolly monkeys. Int J Primatol 29(1):183-94.

Ankel-Simons F. 2007. Primate anatomy: an introduction, third edition. San Diego: Elsevier. 724p.

Aquino R, Encarnatión F. 1994. Primates of Peru. Prim Report 40:1-127.

Begehold H, Vermeer J. 2009. Reproductive parameters of some primate species at La Vallée des singes. Int Zoo News 55(4):197-209.

Bennett CL, Leonard S, Carter S. 2001. Abundance, diversity, and patterns of distribution of primates on the Tapiche River in Amazonian Peru. Am J Primatol 54(2):119-26.

Bodini R, Péres-Hernàndez R. 1987. Distribution of the species and subspecies of cebids in Venezuela. Fieldiana Zool 39:231-44.

Cant JGH, Youlatos D, Rose MD. 2001. Locomotor behavior of Lagothrix lagothricha and Ateles belzebuth in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador: general patterns and nonsuspensory modes. J Hum Evol 41(2):141-66.

Cant JGH, Youlatos D, Rose MD. 2003. Suspensory locomotion of Lagothrix lagothricha and Ateles belzebuth in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador. J Hum Evol 44(6):685-99.

Castellanos MC, Escobar FS, Stevenson PR. 1999. Dung beetles (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) attracted to woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha Humboldt) dung at Tinigua National Park, Colombia. Coleopterists Bull 53(2):155-9.

Defler TR. 1996a. Aspects of the ranging pattern in a group of wild woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagothricha). Am J Primatol 38(4):289-302.

Defler TR, Rodríguez-M JV, Hernández-Camacho JI. 2003. Conservation priorities for Colombian primates. Prim Conserv 19:10-8.

Defler TR, Defler SB. 1996. Diet of a group of Lagothrix lagothricha lagothricha in southeastern Colombia. Int J Primatol 17(2):161-90.

Defler TR. 1996b. The IUCN conservation status of Lagothrix lagothricha lugens Elliot, 1907. Neotrop Prim 4(3):78-80.

Defler TR. 2003. Lagothrix lagothricha or Lagothrix lagotricha: which is it? Neotrop Prim 11(2):107-8.

Defler TR. 1999. Locomotion and posture in Lagothrix lagotricha. Folia Primatol 70(6):313-27.

Defler TR. 2004. Primates of Colombia. Bogotá: Conservation Int. 550p.

Defler TR. 1995. The time budget of a group of wild woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). Int J Primatol 16(1):107-20.

Di Fiore A, Campbell CJ. 2007. The Atelines: variation in ecology, behavior, and social organization. In: Campbell CJ, Fuentes A, MacKinnon KC, Panger M, Bearder SK, editors. Primates in perspective. Oxford (UK): Oxford U Pr. p155-85.

Di Fiore A. 2004. Diet and feeding ecology of woolly monkeys in a western Amazonian rain forest. Int J Primatol 25(4):767-801.

Di Fiore A, Link A, Schmitt CA, Spehar SN. 2009. Dispersal patterns in sympatric woolly and spider monkeys: integrating molecular and observational data. Behaviour 146(4-5):437-70.

Di Fiore A, Strier KB. 2004. Flexibility in social organization in Ateline primates [abstract]. Folia Primatol 75(suppl 1):140-1.

Di Fiore A, Link A, Stevenson PR. 2006. Scent marking in two western Amazonian populations of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). Am J Primatol 68(6):637-49.

Di Fiore A, Fleisher RC. 2005. Social behavior, reproductive strategies, and population genetic structure of Lagothrix poeppigii. Int J Primatol 26(5):1137-73.

Di Fiore A, Rodman PS. 2001. Time allocation patterns of lowland woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha poeppigii) in a neotropical terra firma forest. Int J Primatol 22(3):449-80.

Emmons LH. 1997. Neotropical rainforest mammals: a field guide, second edition. Chicago: U Chicago Pr. 307p.

Fooden J. 1963. A revision of the woolly monkeys (genus Lagothrix). J Mammal 44(2):213-47.

Ford SM, Davis LC. 1992. Systematics and body size: implications for feeding adaptations in new world monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 88(4):415-68.

Groves C. 2005. Order primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p111-84.

Groves C. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Inst. 350p.

Hernández-Camacho J, Cooper RW. 1976. The nonhuman primates of Colombia. In: Thorington Jr. RW, Heltne PG, editors. Neotropical primates: field studies and conservation. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. p35-69.

Iwanaga S, Ferrari SF. 2002. Geographic distribution and abundance of woolly (Lagothrix cana) and spider (Ateles chamek) monkeys in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia. Am J Primatol 56(1):57-64.

Iwanaga S, Ferrari SF. 2001. Party size and diet of syntopic Atelids (Ateles chamek and Lagothrix cana) in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia. Folia Primatol 72(4):217-27.

Kavanagh M, Dresdale L. 1975. Observations on the woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) in northern Colombia. Primates 16(3):285-94.

Mack D, Kafka H. 1978. Breeding and rearing of woolly monkeys Lagothrix lagotricha at the National Zoological Park, Washington. Int Zoo Ybk 18:117-122.

Marsh LK. 2004. Primate species at the Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Ecuador. Neotrop Prim 12(2):75-8.

Mooney JC, Lee PC. 1999. Reproductive parameters in captive woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). Zoo Biol 18(5):421-7.

Napier JR, Napier PH. 1967. A handbook of living primates: morphology, ecology and behaviour of nonhuman primates. New York: Academic Pr. 456p.

Nishimura A. 1997. Co-feeding relation of woolly monkeys, Lagothrix lagotricha, within a group at La Macarena, Colombia. Field Stud Fauna Flora La Macarena Colombia 11:11-8.

Nishimura A. 1988. Mating behavior of woolly monkeys, Lagothrix lagotricha, at La Macarena, Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk La Macarena Colombia. 1:19-27.

Nishimura A. 1990a. Mating behavior of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) at La Macarena, Colombia (II): mating relationships. Field Stud New World Monk La Macarena Colombia 3:7-12.

Nishimura A. 1992. Mating behaviors of woolly monkeys, Lagothrix lagotricha, at La Macarena, Colombia (III): reproductive parameters viewed from a longterm study. Field Stud New World Monk La Macarena Colombia 7:1-7.

Nishimura A. 2003. Reproductive parameters of wild female Lagothrix lagotricha. Int J Primatol 24(4):707-22.

Nishimura A. 1994. Social interaction patterns of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha): a comparison among the Atelines. Sci Eng Rev Doshisha U 35(2):235-54.

Nishimura A. 1990b. A sociaological and behavioral study of woolly monkeys, Lagothrix lagotricha, in the upper Amazon. Sci Eng Rev Doshisha U 31(2):87-121.

Peres CA. 1994a. Diet and feeding ecology of gray woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha cana) in central Amazonia: comparisons with other Atelines. Int J Primatol 15(3):333-72.

Peres CA. 1990. Effects of hunting on western Amazonian primate communities. Biol Conserv 54:47-59.

Peres CA. 1991. Humboldt's woolly monkeys decimated by hunting in Amazonia. Oryx 25(2):89-95.

Peres CA. 1993. Notes on the primates of the Juruá River, western Brazilian Amazonia. Folia Primatol 61(2):97-103.

Peres CA. 1996. Use of space, spatial group structure, and foraging group size of gray woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha cana) at Urucu, Brazil: a review of the Atelinae. In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York: Plenum Pr. p467-88.

Peres CA. 1994b. Which are the largest new world monkeys. J Hum Evol 26(3):245-9.

Ramirez M. 1988. The woolly monkeys, genus Lagothrix. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Coimbra-Filho AF, da Fonseca GAB, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, volume 2. Washington, D.C.: WWF. p539-75.

Rosenberger AL, Strier KB. 1989. Adaptive radiation of the ateline primates. J Hum Evol 18(7):717-50.

Rosenberger AL, Matthews LJ. 2008. Oreonax-not a genus. Neotrop Prim 15(1):8-12.

Smith RJ, Jungers WL. 1997. Body mass in comparative primatology. J Hum Evol 32(6):523-59.

Smith RJ, Leigh SR. 1998. Sexual dimorphism in primate neonatal body mass. J Hum Evol 34(2):173-201.

Soini P. 1986. A synecological study of a primate community in the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Peru. Prim Conserv 7:63-71.

Stevenson PR. 2006. Activity and ranging patterns of Colombian woolly monkeys in north-western Amazonia. Primates 47(3):239-47.

Stevenson PR. 1992. Diet of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha), at La Macarena, Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk La Macarena Colombia 6:3-14.

Stevenson PR. 1994. Ecological strategies of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) at Tinigua National Park, Colombia. Am J Primatol 32(2):123-40.

Stevenson PR, Castellanos MC. 2000. Feeding rates and daily path range of the Colombian woolly monkeys as evidence for between- and within-group competition. Folia Primatol 71(6):399-408.

Stevenson PR, Quiñones MJ, Ahumada JA. 2000. Influence of fruit availability on ecological overlap among four neotropical primates at Tinigua National Park, Colombia. Biotropica 32(3):533-44.

Stevenson PR. 1998. Proximal spacing between individuals in a group of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) in Tinigua National Park, Colombia. Int J Primatol 19(2):299-311.

Stevenson PR. 2000. Seed dispersal by woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagothricha) at Tinigua National Park, Colombia: dispersal distance, germination rates, and dispersal quantity. Am J Primatol 50(4):275-89.

Stevenson P. 1997. Vocal behavior of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha) at Tinigua National Park, Colombia. Field Stud Fauna Flora La Macarena Colombia 10:17-28.

Wallace RB, Painter RLE. 1999. A new primate record for Bolivia: an apparently isolated population of common woolly monkeys representing a southern range extension for the genus Lagothrix. Neotrop Prim 7(4):111-2.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbartsche. 214p.

White BC, Dew SE, Prather JR, Stearns MJ, Schneider E, Taylor S. 2000. Chest-rubbing in captive woolly monkeys (Lagothrix lagotricha). Primates 41(2):185-8.

Williams L. 1967. Breeding Humboldt's woolly monkey Lagothrix lagotricha at Murrayton woolly monkey sanctuary. Int Zoo Ybk 7:86-9.

Content last modified: September 30, 2010