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Sooty mangabey
Cercocebus atys

This sheet covers the "sooty mangabey" (C. a. atys) and the "white-naped mangabey" (C. a. lunulatus)


Benneton C, Noë R. 2004. Reproductive tactics of adult male sooty mangabeys in Taï national park, Ivory Coast [abstract]. Folia Primatol 75(3):169.

Bergmüller R. 1998. Nahrungsökologie der rauchgrauen mangabe (Cercocebus torquatus atys): Ein schlüssel zur sozialen organization? Thesis, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg. 94p.

Bernstein IS. 1976. Activity patterns in a sooty mangabey group. Folia Primatol 26:185-206.

Bernstein IS. 1971. Agonistic behavior during group formation and intergroup interactions in sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). In: Kummer H, editor. Proceedings of the third international congress of primatology, Zurich 1970, vol. 3. Basel(CH):S. Karger. p66-70.

Bernstein I, Williams L, Ramsay M. 1983. The expression of aggression in old world monkeys. Intl J Primatol 4(2):113-25.

Cercocebus atys
Photo: Kathelijne Koops

Booth AH. 1956. The cercopithecidae of the Gold and Ivory Coasts: geographic and systematic observations. Annal Mag Nat Hist (Series 12)9:476-80.

Booth AH. 1979. The distribution of primates in the Gold Coast. In: Sussman RW, editor. Primate ecology: problem-oriented field studies. New York:John Wiley & Sons. p 139-53.

Busse CD, Gordon TP. 1983. Attacks on neonates by a male mangabey (Cercocebus atys). Am J Primatol 5(4):345-56.

Busse CD, Gordon TP. 1984. Infant carrying by adult male mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Am J Primatol 6(3):133-41.

Ehardt CL. 1988. Affiliative behavior of adult female sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Am J Primatol 15(2):115-27.

[FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2001. State of the world's forests. Rome:FAO 181p.

Fimbel C. 1994. The relative use of abandoned farm clearings and old forest habitats by primates and a forest antelope at Tiwai, Sierra Leone, West Africa. Biol Conserv 70(3):277-86.

Galat G, Galat-Luong A. 2006. Hope for the survival of the critically endangered white-naped mangabey Cercocebus atys lunulatus: a new primate species for Burkina Faso. Oryx 40(3):355-7.

Galat G, Galat-Luong A. 1985. La communaute de primates diurnes de la foret de Tai, Côte d'Ivoire. Rev Ecol (Terre Vie) 40:3-32

Gordon TP, Gust DA, Busse CD, Wilson ME. 1991. Hormones and sexual behavior associated with postconception perineal swelling in the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Intl J Primatol 12(6): 585-97.

Gormus BJ, Wolf RH, Baskin GB, Ohkawa S, Gerone PJ, Walsh GP, Meyers WM, Binford CH, Greer WE. 1988. A second sooty mangabey monkey with naturally acquired leprosy: first reported possible monkey-to-monkey transmission. Intl J Leprosy 56(1):61-5.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Groves C. 2005. Order Primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p111-84.

Gust DA, Gordon TP. 1994. The absence of a matrilineally based dominance system in sooty mangabeys, Cercocebus torquatus atys. Anim Behav 47(3):589-94.

Gust DA. 1994b. alpha male sooty mangabeys differentiate between females' fertile and their postconception maximal swellings. Intl J Primatol 15(2):289-301.

Gust DA. 1994a. A brief report on the social behavior of the crested mangabey (Cercocebus galeritus galeritus) with a comparison to the sooty mangabey (C. torquatus atys). Primates 35(3):375-83.

Gust DA, Gordon TP. 1993. Conflict resolution in sooty mangabeys. Anim Behav 46(4):685-94.

Gust DA, Gordon TP. 1991a. Female rank instability in newly formed groups of familiar sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Primates 32(4):465-71.

Gust DA, Gordon TP. 1991b. Male age and reproductive behaviour in sooty mangabeys, Cercocebus torquatus atys. Anim Behav 41(2):277-83.

Gust DA. 1995a. Moving up the dominance hierarchy in young sooty mangabeys. Anim Behav 50(1):15-21.

Gust DA, McCaster T, Gordon TP, Gergits WF, Casna NJ, McClure HM. 1988. Paternity in sooty mangabeys. Intl J Primatol 19(1):83-94.

Gust DA, Busse CD, Gordon TP. 1990. Reproductive parameters in the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Am J Primatol 22(4):241-50.

Gust DA. 1995b. Sooty mangabeys Cercocebus torquatus atys: a little known primate species. African Primates 1(2):51-4.

Harvey PH, Clutton-Brock TH. 1985. Life history variation in primates. Evolution 39(3):559-81.

Herbinger I, Tounkara EO. 2004. A rapid survey of primates in the fort classée du Pic de Fon, Guinea. RAP Bull Biol Ass 35:91-9.

Janmaat KRL, Byrne RW, Zuberbühler K. 2006. Evidence for a spatial memory of fruiting states of rainforest trees in wild mangabeys. Anim Behav 72(4):797-807.

Kyes RC. 1988. Grooming with a stone in sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Am J Primatol 16(2):171-5.

Maestripieri D, Wallen K, Carroll KA. 1997. Genealogical and demographic influences on infant abuse and neglect in group-living sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus atys). Develop Psychobiol 31(3):175-180.

McGraw WS, Bshary R. 2002. Association of terrestrial mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) with arboreal monkeys: experimental evidence for the effects of reduced ground predator pressure on habitat use. Intl J Primatol 23(2):311-25.

McGraw WS. 1998. Comparative locomotion and habitat use of six monkeys in the Tai Forest, Ivory Coast. Am J Phys Anth 105(4):493-510.

McGraw WS, Zuberbühler K. 2007. The monkeys of the Ta Forest: an introduction. In: McGraw WS, Zuberbühler K, Noë R, editors. The monkeys of the Ta Forest: an African primate community. Cambridge(UK):Cambridge U Pr. p1-48.

McGraw WS, Zuberbühler K, Noë R. 2007. The monkeys of the Ta Forest: an African primate community. Cambridge(UK):Cambridge U Pr.

McGraw WS. 1996. The positional behavior and habitat use of six monkeys in the Tai forest, Ivory Coast. PhD dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook. 530 p.

McGraw WS. 2007a. Positional behavior and habitat use of Ta forest monkeys. In:McGraw, Zuberbühler K, Noë R, editors. The monkeys of the Taï Forest: an African primate community. Cambridge(UK):Cambridge U Pr. p223-53.

McGraw WS, Cooke C, Shultz S. 2006. Primate remains from crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus) nests in Ivory Coasts Tai forest: implications for primate predation and early hominid taphonomy in South Africa. Am J Phys Anth 131(2):151-65.

McGraw WS. 2007b. Vulnerability and conservation of the Taï monkey fauna. In:McGraw, Zuberbühler K, Noë R, editors. The monkeys of the Ta Forest: an African primate community. Cambridge(UK):Cambridge U Pr. p290-316.

Mittermeier RA, Valladares-Pádua C, Rylands AB, Eudey AA, Butynski TM, Ganzhorn JU, Kormos R, Aguiar JM, Walker S. 2006. Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates, 2004-2006. Prim Conserv 20:1-28.

Pèrez AP, Veà Baró JJ. 1999. Does allogrooming serve a hygienic function in Cercocebus torquatus lunulatus? Am J Primatol 49(3):223-42.

Cercocebus atys
Photo: Kathelijne Koops

Range F, Noë R. 2005. Can simple rules account for the pattern of triadic interactions in juvenile and adult female sooty mangabeys? Anim Behav 69(2):445-52.

Range F, Noë R. 2002. Familiarity and dominance relations among female sooty mangabeys in the Taï National Park. Am J Primatol 56(3):137-53.

Range F. 2005. Female soty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys) respond differently to males depending on the male's residence status-preliminary data. Am J Primatol 65(4):327-33.

Range F. 2006. Social behavior of free-ranging jubenile sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 59(4):511-20.

Range F, Fischer J. 2004. Vocal repertoire of sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys) in the Taï National Park. Ethology 110(4):301-21.

Refisch J, Koné I. 2005a. Impact of commercial hunting on monkey populations in the Taï region, Côte d'Ivoire. Biotropica 37(1):136-44.

Refisch J, Koné I. 2005b. Market hunting in the Taï region, Côte d'Ivoire and implications for monkey populations. Intl J Primatol 26(3):621-9.

Rödel M-O, Range F, Seppänen J-T, Noë R. 2002. Caviar in the rain forest: monkeys as frog-spawn predators in Taï National Park, Ivory Coast. J Trop Ecol 18(2):289-94.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263

Schlee MA, Labejof LP. 1994. Management and early development of infant behaviour in white-crowned mangabey Cercocebus torquatus lunulatus at the Paris menagerie. Intl Zoo Ybk 33:228-234.

Shultz S, Noe R, McGraw WS, Dunbar RIM. 2004. A community-level evaluation of the impact of prey behavioural and ecological characteristics on predator diet composition. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 271(1540):725-32.

Shultz S, Thomsett S. 2007. Interactions between African crowned eagles and their prey community. In:McGraw, Zuberbühler K, Noë R, editors. The monkeys of the Taï Forest: an African primate community. Cambridge(UK):Cambridge U Pr. p171-93.

Silvestri G. 2005. Naturally SIV-infected sooty mangabeys: are we closer to understanding why they do not develop AIDS? J Med Primatol 34(5-6):243-52.

Stahl D, Kaumanns W. 1999. Female dominance hierarchies in captive sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Primate Report 55:39-52.

Stevenson M. 1973. Notes on pregnancy in the sooty mangabey. Intl Zoo Ybk 13:134-5.

Struhsaker TT. 1971. Notes on Cercocebus a. atys in Senegal, West Africa. Mammalia 35:343-4.

Tomasello M, Call J, Hare B. 1998. Five primate species follow the visual gaze of conspecifics. Anim Behav 55(4):1063-9.

Zuberbühler K, Noë R, Seyfarth RM. 1997. Diana monkey long-distance calls: messages for conspecifics and predators. Anim Behav 53(3):589-604.

Zuberbühler K, Jenny D, Bshary R. 1999. The predator deterrence function of primate alarm calls. Ethology 105(6):477-90.

Content last modified: December 2, 2008