Primate Info Net Banner Wisconsin PRC Logo

Slow loris
Nycticebus

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Nycticebus, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Ankel-Simons F. 2007. Primate anatomy, an introduction: third edition. San Diego: Elsevier. 724p.

Barrett E. 1981. The present distribution and status of the slow loris in peninsular Malaysia. Malays Appl Biol 10(2):205-11.

Brandon-Jones D, Eudey AA, Geissmann T, Groves CP, Melnick DJ, Morales JC, Shekelle M, Stewart CB. 2004. Asian primate classification. Int J Primatol 25(1):97-164.

Chen J-H, Pan D, Groves C, Wang Y-X, Narushima E, Fitch-Snyder H, Crow P, Thanh VN, Ryder O, Zhang H-W, Fu Y-X, Zhang Y-P. 2006. Molecular phylogeny of Nycticebus inferred from mitochondrial genes. Int J Primatol 27(4):1187-200.

Choudhury A. 2001. Primates in northeast India: an overview of their distribution and conservation status. ENVIS Bull 1(1):92-101.

Choudhury AU. 1992. The slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) in north-east India. Prim Rep 34:77-83.

Curtis DJ. 1995. Functional anatomy of the trunk musculature in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Am J Phys Anth 97(4):367-79.

Daschbach NJ, Schein MW, Haines DE. 1982-1983. Cage-size effects on locomotor, grooming and agonistic behaviours of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Primates, Lorisidae). Appl Anim Ethol 9(3-4):317-30.

Daschbach NJ, Schein MW, Haines DE. 1981. Vocalizations of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang (Primates, Lorisidae). Int J Primatol 2(1):71-80.

Duckworth JW. 1994. Field sightings of the pygmy loris, Nycticebus pygmaeus, in Laos. Folia Primatol 63(2):99-101.

Ehrlich A. 1974. Infant development in two prosimian species: greater galago and slow loris. Dev Psychobiol 7(5):439-54.

Ehrlich A, Macbride L. 1989. Mother-infant interactions in captive slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang). Am J Primatol 19(4):217-28.

Ehrlich A, Musicant A. 1977. Social and individual behaviors in captive slow lorises. Behaviour 60(3-4):195-220.

Elliot O, Elliot M. 1967. Field notes on the slow loris in Malaya. J Mammal 48:497-8.

Fisher HS, Swaisgood RR, Fitch-Snyder H. 2003a. Countermarking by male pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus): do females use odor cues to select mates with high competitive ability? Behav Ecol Sociobiol 53(2):123-30.

Fisher HS, Swaisgood RR, Fitch-Snyder H. 2003a. Odor familiarity and female preferences for males in a threatened primate, the pygmy loris Nycticebus pygmaeus: applications for genetic management of small populations. Naturwissenschaften 90(11):509-12.

Fitch-Snyder H, Ehrlich A. 2003. Mother-infant interactions in slow lorises (Nycticebus bengalensis) and pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus). Folia Primatol 74(5-6):259-71.

Fitch-Snyder H, Thanh VN. 2002. A preliminary survey of lorises (Nycticebus spp.) in northern Vietnam. Asian Prim 8(1-2):1-3.

Fitch-Snyder H, Jurke M. 2003. Reproductive patterns in pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus): behavioral and physiological correlates of gonadal activity. Zoo Biol 22(1):15-32.

Fooden J. 1991. Eastern limit of distribution of the slow loris, Nycticebus coucang. Intl J Primatol 12(3):287-90.

Gebo DL. 1987. Locomotor diversity in prosimian primates. Am J Primatol 13(3):271-81.

Groves CP. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington, D.C.:Smithsonian Institution. 350p.

Groves CP. 1971. Systematics of the genus Nycticebus. Proc. 3rd Int Cong Primatol, Zurich 1970 1:44-53.

Hagey LR, Fry BG, Fitch-Snyder H. 2007. Talking defensively, a dual use for the brachial gland exudates of slow and pygmy lorises. In: Gursky SL, Nekaris KAI, editors. Primate anti-predator strategies. New York:Springer. p253-72.

Haque MN, Siddiqi NA. 1988. Status of slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) in Bangladesh with some information on its food preferences. Tigerpaper 15(2):18-21.

Huynh DH. 1998. Ecology, biology and conservation status of prosimian species in Vietnam. Folia Primatol 69(suppl 1):101-8.

Ishida H, Jouffroy FK, Nakano Y. 1986. Comparative dynamics of pronograde and upside down horizontal quadrupedalism in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). In: Jouffroy FK, Stack MH, Niemitz C, editors. Gravity, posture and locomotion in primates. Firenze (IT):Il Sedicesimo. p209-20.

Izard MK, Weisenseel KA, Ange RL. 1988. Reproduction in the slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Am J Primatol 16(4):331-9.

Kappeler PM. 1991. Patterns of sexual dimorphism in body weight among prosimian primates. Folia Primatol 57(3):132-46.

Khan MAR, Ahsan MF. 1986. The status of primates in Bangladesh and a description of their forest habitats. Prim Conserv 7:102-9.

Lan DY. 1999. Diversity and conservation of slow loris in Yunnan, China. Tigerpaper 26(4):12-5.

Malone N, Purnama AR, Wedana M, Fuentes A. 2002. Assessment of the sale of primates at Indonesian bird markets. Asian Prim 8(1-2):7-11.

Medhi R, Chetry D, Bhattacharjee PC. 2004. Slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) and its conservation in northeast India. Tigerpaper 31(3):6-9.

Nekaris KAI, Nijman V. 2007. CITES proposal highlights rarity of Asian nocturnal primates (Lorisidae: Nycticebus). Folia Primatol 78(4):211-4.

Nekaris KAI, Blackham GV, Nijman V. 2008. Conservation implications of low encounter rates of five nocturnal primate species (Nycticebus spp.) in Asia. Biodivers Conserv 17(4):733-47.

Nekaris A, Bearder SK. 2007. The Lorisiform primates of Asia and mainland Africa. In: Campbell CJ, Fuentes A, MacKinnon KC, Panger M, Bearder SK,editors. Primates in perspective. New York:Oxford U Pr. p24045.

Newell TG. 1971. Social encounters in two prosimian species: Galago crassicaudatus and Nycticebus coucang. Psychon Sci 24(3):128-30.

Nekaris KAI, Jaffe S. 2007. Unexpected diversity of slow lorises (Nycticebus spp.) within the Javan pet trade: implications for slow loris taxonomy. Contrib Zool 76(3):187-96.

Phipps M. 1992. Recent incidents involving illegal primate trade in Taiwan. Asian Prim 2(2):5-6.

Radhakrishna S, Goswami AB, Sinha A. 2006. Distribution and conservation of Nycticebus bengalensis in Northeastern India. Int J Primatol 27(4):971-82.

Rasmussen DT. 1986. Life history and behavior of slow lorises and slender lorises: implications for the lorisine-galagine divergence. PhD dissertation, Duke University. 190p.

Ravosa MJ. 1998. Cranial allometry and geographic variation in slow lorises (Nycticebus). Am J Primatol 45(3):225-43.

Rigel EP. 2004. Analysis of Lorisidae taxonomy using postcranial skeletal material. MA thesis, Georgia State University.

Schulze H, Groves CP. 2004. Asian lorises: taxonomic problems caused by illegal trade. In: Nadler T, Streicher U, Long HT, editors. Conservation of primates in Vietnam. Hanoi (VN): Frankfurt Zoological Society. p33-6.

Streicher U. 2004a. Aspects of ecology and conservation of the pygmy loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) in Vietnam. PhD dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität, Munich (DE).

Streicher U. 2004. Confiscated primates-healths aspects and long-term placement options. In: Nadler T, Streicher U, Long HT, editors. Conservation of primates in Vietnam. Frankfurt(DE): Frankfurt Zool Soc. p154-60.

Streicher U, Schulze H, Plesker R, Vornefeld B. 2002. A conservation and health database for lorises and pottos. Prim Rep 63:33-9.

Striecher U. 2007. Morphological data of pygmy lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus). Vietnam J Primatol 1(1):67-74.

Streicher U. 2004b. Seasonal changes in colouration and fur patterns in the pygmy loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus). In: Nadler T, Streicher U, Ha Thang Long, editors. Conservation of primates in Vietnam. Frankfurt (DE): Frankfurt Zoological Soc. p29-32.

Tan CL, Drake JH. 2001. Evidence of tree gouging and exudates eating in pygmy slow lorises (Nycticebus pygmaeus). Folia Primatol 72(1):37-9.

Tenaza R, Fitch H. 1984. The slow loris. Zoonooz 57(4):10-2.

Utami SS, van Hooff JARAM. 1997. Meat-eating by adult female Sumatran orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii). Am J Primatol 43(2):159-65.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214p.

Wiens F. 2002. Behavior and ecology of wild slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang): social organization, infant care system, and diet. PhD dissertation, University of Bayreuth.

Wiens F, Zitzmann A, Hussein NA. 2006. Fast food for slow lorises: is low metabolism related to secondary compounds in high-energy plant diet? J Mammal 87(4):790-8.

Wiens F, Zitzmann A. 1999. Predation on a wild slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) by a reticulated python (Python reticulates). Folia Primatol 70(6):362-4.

Wiens F, Zitzmann A. 2003a. Social dependence of infant slow lorises to learn diet. Int J Primatol 24(5):1007-21.

Wiens F, Zitzmann A. 2003b. Social structure of the solitary slow loris Nycticebus coucang (Lorisidae). J Zool Lond 261(1):35-46.

Weisenseel KA, Izard MK, Nash LT, Ange RL, Poorman-Allen P. A comparison of reproduction in two species of Nycticebus. Folia Primatol 69(suppl 1):321-4.

Wilde H. 1972. Anaphylactic shock following bite by a "slow loris," Nycticebus coucang. Am J Trop Med Hyg 21(5):592-4.

Zhang Y-Z, Wang S, Quan G-Q. 1981. On the geographical distribution of primates in China. J Hum Evol 10:215-26.

Zimmermann E. 1981. First record of ultrasound in two prosimian species. Naturwissenschaften 68:531-2.

Zimmermann E. 1989. Reproduction, physical growth and behavioral development in slow loris (Nycticebus coucang, Lorisidae). Hum Evol 4(2-3):171-9.

Zimmermann E. 1985. Vocalizations and associated behaviours in adult slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). Folia Primatol 44(1):52-64.

Content last modified: March 18, 2009