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Red howler
Alouatta seniculus

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The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Alouatta seniculus, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Agoramoorthy G, Rudran R. 1992. Adoption in free-ranging red howler monkeys, Alouatta seniculus of Venezuela. Primates 33(4):551-5.

Agoramoorthy G. 1997. Apparent feeding associations between Alouatta seniculus and Odocoileus virginianus in Venezuela. Mammalia 61(2):271-3.

Agoramoorthy G, Hsu MJ. 1999. Extragroup copulation among wild red howler monkeys in Venezuela. Folia Primatol 71(3):147-51.

Agoramoorthy G, Rudran R. 1995. Infanticide by adult and subadult males in free-ranging red howler monkeys, Alouatta seniculus, in Venezuela. Ethology 99(1):75-88.

Agoramoorthy G, Rudran R. 1993. Male dispersal among free-ranging red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Venezuela. Folia Primatol 61(2):92-6.

Andresen E. 2002. Primary seed dispersal by red howler monkeys and the effect of defecation patterns on the fate of dispersed seeds. Biotropica 34(2):261-72.

Ayres JM. 1982. Conservation of primates in Brazilian Amazonia: problems and strategies. In: Harper D, editor. Conservation of primates and their habitats. Leicester (UK): U Leicester. p2-33.

Ayres JM. 1986. Uakaris and Amazonian flooded forest. PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge, Cambridge (UK).

Bergeson D. 1993. Preliminary data on prehensile tail use in two cebid species. AAZPA Reg Conf Proceed 1993:753-9.

Braza F, Alvarez F, Azcarate T. 1981. Behaviour of the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) in the llanos of Venezuela. Primates 22(4):459-73.

Braza F, Alvarez F, Azcarate T. 1983. Feeding habits of the red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in the llanos of Venezuela. Mammalia 47(2):205-14.

Camacho JH, Defler TR. 1985. Some aspects of the conservation of non-human primates in Colombia. Prim Conserv 6:42-50.

Chapman CA, Balcomb SR. 1998. Population characteristics of howlers: ecological conditions or group history. Intl J Primatol 19(3):385-403.

Cordero Rodríguez GAC, Boher BS. 1988. Notes on the biology of Cebus nigrivittatus and Alouatta seniculus in northern Venezuela. Prim Conserv 9:61-5.

Cortés-Ortiz L, Bermingham E, Rico C, Rodríguez-Luna E, Sampaio I, Ruiz-García M. 2003. Molecular systematics and biogeography of the neotropical monkey genus, Alouatta. Mol Phylog Evol 26:64-81.

Crockett CM, Pope TR. 1993. Consequences of sex differences in dispersal for juvenile red howler monkeys. In: Pereira ME, Fairbanks LA, editors. Juvenile primates: life history, development, and behavior. New York: Oxford U Pr. p104-18.

Crockett CM. 1998a. Conservation biology of the genus Alouatta. Int J Primatol 19(3): 549-78.

Crockett CM. 1984. Emigration by female red howler monkeys and the case for female competition. In: Small, MF, editor. Female primates: studies by women primatologists. New York: Alan R. Liss. p159-73.

Crockett CM. 1998b. Family feuds. In: Ciochon RL, Nisbett RA, editors. The primate anthology: essays on primate behavior, ecology, and conservation from Natural History. Upper Saddle River(NJ): Prentice Hall. p28-35.

Crockett CM, Sekulic R. 1982. Gestation length in red howler monkeys. Am J Primatol 3(1-4):291-4.

Crockett CM, Eisenberg JF. 1987. Howlers: variations in group size and demography. In: Smuts BB, Cheney DL, Seyfarth RM, Wrangham RW, Struhsaker TT, editors. Primate societies. Chicago: U Chicago Pr. p54-68.

Crockett CM, Sekulic R. 1984. Infanticide in red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). In: Hausfater G, Hrdy SB, editors. Infanticide: comparative and evolutionary perspectives. New York: Aldine Pub Co. p173-91.

Crockett CM, Janson CH. 2000. Infanticide in red howlers: female group size, male membership, and a possible link to folivory. In: van Schaik CP, Janson CH, editors. Infanticide by males and its implications. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p75-98.

Crockett CM, Pope T. 1988. Inferring patterns of aggression from red howler monkey injuries. Am J Primatol 15(4):289-308.

Crockett CM, Rudran R. 1987a. Red howler monkey birth data I: seasonal variation. Am J Primatol 13(4):347-68.

Crockett CM, Rudran R. 1987b. Red howler monkey birth data II: interannual, habitat, and sex comparisons. Am J Primatol 13(4):369-84.

Crockett CM. 2003. Re-evaluating the sexual selection hypothesis for infanticide by Alouatta males. In: Jones CB, editor. Sexual selection and reproductive competition in primates: new perspectives and directions. Norman(OK): Am Soc Primatol. p327-65.

Crockett CM. 1996. The relation between red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) troop size and population growth in two habitats. In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York: Plenum Pr. p489-510.

Defler TR, Defler SB. 1996. Diet of a group of Lagothrix lagothricha lagothricha in southeastern Colombia. Intl J Primatol 17(2):161-90.

Defler TR. 2004. Primates of Colombia. Bogotá: Cons Intl. 550 p.

Di Fiore A, Campbell CJ. 2007. The Atelines: variation in ecology, behavior, and social organization. In: Campbell CJ, Fuentes A, MacKinnon KC, Panger M, Bearder SK, editors. Primates in perspective. New York: Oxford U Pr. p 155-85.

Drubbel RV, Gautier J-P. 1993. On the occurrence of nocturnal and diurnal loud calls, differing in structure and duration, in red howlers (Alouatta seniculus) of French Guyana. Folia Primatol 60(4):195-209.

Eason P. 1989. Harpy eagle attempts predation on adult howler monkey. Condor 91(2):469-70.

Epple G, Lorenz R. 1967. Vorkommen, morphologie und function der sternaldrüsse bei den Platyrrhini. Folia Primatol 7:98-126.

Fleagle JG, Mittermeier RA. 1980. Locomotor behavior, body size, and comparative ecology of seven Surinam monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 52:301-14.

Ford SM, Davis LC. 1992. Systematics and body size: implications for feeding adaptations in new world monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 88(4):415-468.

Gaulin SJC, Gaulin CK. 1982. Behavioral ecology of Alouatta seniculus in Andean cloud forest. Intl J Primatol 3(1):1-32.

Gilbert KA. 2003. Primates and fragmentation of the Amazon forest. In: Marsh LK, editor. Primates in fragments: ecology in conservation. New York: Kluwer Acad/ Plenum Pub p145-57.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350p.

Hernández-Camacho J, Cooper RW. 1976. The nonhuman primates of Colombia. In: Thorington Jr RW, Heltne PG, editors. Neotropical primates: field studies and conservation. Washington, D.C.: Nat Acad Sci p35-69.

Herrick JR, Agoramoorthy G, Rudran R, Harder JD. 2000. Urinary progesterone in free-ranging red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus): preliminary observation of the estrous cycle and gestation. Am J Primatol 51(4):257-63.

Hill WCO. 1962. Primates: comparative anatomy and taxonomy. V. Cebidae, Part B, a monograph. Edinburgh (UK): Edinburgh U Pr. 537p.

Iwanaga S, Ferrari SF. 2002. Geographic distribution of red howlers (Alouatta seniculus) in southwestern Brazilian Amazonia, with notes on Alouatta caraya. Intl J Primatol 23(6):1245-56.

Izawa K. 1989. The adoption of an infant observed in a wild group of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 2:33-6.

Izawa K, Lozano MH. 1990a. Frequency of soil-eating by a group of wild howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in La Macarena, Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 4:47-56.

Izawa K, Lozano MH. 1990b. River crossing by a wild howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus). Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 3:29-33.

Izawa K, Lozano MH. 1992. Social changes within a group of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus), IV. Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 7:15-27.

Izawa K. 1997a. Social changes within a group of red howler monkeys, VI. Field Stud Fauna Flora, La Macarena, Colombia 11:19-34.

Izawa K, Lozano MH. 1989. Social changes within a group and reproduction of wild howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 2:1-6.

Izawa K. 1997b. Stability of the home range of red howler monkeys. Field Stud Fauna Flora, La Macarena, Colombia 11:41-6.

Jack K. 2003. Males on the move: evolutionary explanations of secondary dispersal by male primates. Prim Rep 67:61-83.

Jones CB. 1983. Social organization of captive black howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya): "social competition" and the use of non-damaging behavior. Primates 24(1):25-39.

Julliot C. 1992. Diet diversity and habitat of howler monkeys. In:Thierry B, Anderson JR, Roeder JJ, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current Primatology, Volume I: ecology and evolution. Strasbourg (FR): Univ Louis Pasteur. p67-78.

Julliot C, Sabatier D. 1993. Diet of the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) in French Guiana. Intl J Primatol 14(4):527-50.

Julliot C. 1996a. Fruit choice by red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in a tropical rain forest. Am J Primatol 40(3):261-82.

Julliot C. 1996b. Seed dispersal by red howling monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in the tropical rain forest of French Guiana. Intl J Primatol 17(2):239-258.

Kimura K. 1992. Demographic approach to the social group of wild red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 7:29-34.

Kimura K. 1999. Home ranges and inter-group relations among the wild red howler monkeys. Field Stud Fauna Flora, La Macarena, Colombia. 13:19-24.

Kimura K. 1997. Males’ life history and their social relations of wild red howler monkeys. Field Stud Fauna Flora, La Macarena, Colombia 11:35-40.

Lehman SM. 2004. Biogeography of the primates of Guyana: effects of habitat use and diet on geographic distribution. Intl J Primatol 25(6):1225-42.

Mack D. 1979. Growth and development of infant red howling monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in a free ranging population. In: Eisenberg JF, editor. Vertebrate ecology in the northern neotropics. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Inst Pr. p127-36.

Napier PH. 1976. Catalogue of primates in the British museum (natural history). Part I: families callitrichidae and cebidae. London: British Museum (Natural History). 121 p.

Neville MK. 1972a. The population structure of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Trinidad and Venezuela. Folia Primatol 17:56-86.

Neville MK. 1972b. Social relations within troops of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Folia Primatol 18:47-77.

Neves AMS, Rylands AB. 1991. Diet of a group of howling monkeys, Alouatta seniculus, in an isolated forest patch in central Amazonia. A Primatol no Brasil 3:263-74.

Neville MK, Glander KE, Braza F, Rylands AB. 1988. The howling monkeys, genus Alouatta. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Coimbra-Filho A, Fonseca GAB, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates: volume 2. Washington D.C.:WWF. p349-453.

Norconk MA. 1997. Primate conservation in the wake of a hydroelectric plant. AZA Reg Conf Proc (1997):570-6.

Palacios E. 1998. Ecological bases for lake- and river-side habitat use of Alouatta seniculus in Colombian Amazonia. ASP Bull 22(3):8.

Palacios E, Rodriguez A. 2001. Ranging pattern and use of space in a group of red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in a southeastern Colombian rainforest. Am J Primatol 55(4):233-51.

Peetz A, Norconk MA, Kinzey WG. 1992. Predation by jaguar on howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus) in Venezuela. Am J Primatol 28:223-8.

Peres CA. 2000. Evaluating the impact and sustainability of subsistence hunting at multiple Amazonian forest sites. In: Robinson JG, Bennett EL, editors. Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York: Colombia U Pr. p31-54.

Peres CA. 1990. A harpy eagle successfully captures an adult male red howler monkey. Wilson Bull 102(3):560-1.

Peres CA. 1997a. Effects of habitat quality and hunting pressure on arboreal folivore densities in neotropical forests: a case study of howler monkeys (Alouatta spp.). Folia Primatol 68(3-5):199-222.

Peres CA. 1997b. Primate community structure at twenty western Amazonian flooded and unflooded forests. J Trop Ecol 13(3):381-405.

Peres CA. 1993. Structure and spatial organization of an Amazonian terra firme forest primate community. J Trop Ecol 9(3):259-76.

Phillips KA, Abercrombie CL. 2003. Distribution and conservation status of the primates of Trinidad. Prim Conserv 19:19-22.

Phillips KA, Haas ME, Grafton BW, Yrivarren M. 2004. Survey of the gastrointestinal parasites of the primate community at Tambopata National Reserve, Peru. J Zool Lond 264(2):149-51.

Pope TR. 2000. The evolution of male philopatry in neotropical monkeys. In: Kappeler PM, editor. Primate males: causes and consequences of variation in group composition. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p219-35.

Pope TR. 1990. The reproductive consequences of male cooperation in the red howler monkey: paternity exclusion in multi-male and single-male troops using genetic markers. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 27(6):439-46.

Richard-Hansen C, Vié J-C, Vidal N, Kéravec J. 1999. Body measurements on 40 species of mammals from French Guiana. J Zool Lond 247(4):419-28.

Richard-Hansen, Bello N, Vié J-C. 1998. Tool use by a red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) towards a two-toed sloth (Choloepus didactylus). Primates 39(4):545-8.

Rudran R, Fernandez-Duque E. 2003. Demographic changes over thirty years in a red howler population in Venezuela. Intl J Primatol 24(5):925-47.

Rudran R. 1979. The demography and social mobility of a red howler (Alouatta seniculus) population in Venezuela. In: Eisenberg JF, editor. Vertebrate ecology in the northern neotropics. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Inst Pr. p107-26.

Rylands AB, Schneider H, Langguth A, Mittermeier RA, Groves CP, Rodríguez-Luna E. 2000. An assessment of the diversity of new world primates. Neotrop Prim 8(2):61-93.

Rylands AB. 2001. Two taxonomies of the new world primates-a comparison of Rylands et al. (2000) and Groves (2001). Neotrop Prim 9(3):121-4.

Sánchez-Villagra MR, Pope TR, Salas V. 1998. Relation of intergroup variation in allogrooming to group social structure and ecoparasite loads in red howler (Alouatta seniculus). Intl J Primatol 19(3):473-91.

Schön Ybarra MA. 1984. Locomotion and postures of red howlers in a deciduous forest-savanna interface. Am J Phys Anth 63(1):65-76.

Schön Ybarra MA. 1986. Loud calls of adult male red howling monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Folia Primatol 47(4):204-16.

Schön Ybrra MA. 1988. Morphological adaptations for loud phonations in the vocal organ of howling monkeys. Prim Rep 22:19-24.

Sekulic R. 1982a. Behavior and ranging patterns of a solitary female red howler (Alouatta seniculus). Folia Primatol 38(3-4):217-32.

Sekulic R. 1982b. Birth in free-ranging howler monkeys Alouatta seniculus. Primates 23(4):580-2.

Sekulic R. 1982c. Daily and seasonal patterns of roaring and spacing in four red howler Alouatta seniculus troops. Folia Primatol 39(1-2):22-48.

Sekulic R. 1982d. The function of howling in red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Behaviour 81(1):38-54.

Sekulic R, Chivers DJ. 1986. The significance of call duration in howler monkeys. Intl J Primatol 7(2):183-90.

Sekulic R. 1981. The significance of howling in the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus). PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.

Sekulic R. 1983a. The effect of female call on male howling in red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Intl J Primatol 4(3):291-305.

Sekulic R. 1983b. Spatial relationships between recent mothers and other troop members in red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Primates 24(4): 475-85.

Sekulic R, Eisenberg JF. 1983. Throat-rubbing in red howler monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). In: Müller-Schwarze D, Silverstein RM, editors. Chemical signals in vertebrates 3. New York: Plenum Pr. p347-50.

Sherman PT. 1991. Harpy eagle predation on a red howler monkey. Folia Primatol 56(1):53-6.

Simmen B. 1992. Competitive utilization of Bagassa fruits by sympatric howler and spider monkeys. Folia Primatol 58(3):155-60.

Simmen B, Julliot C, Bayart F, Pagès-Feuillade E. 2001. Diet and population densities of the primate community in relation to fruit supplies. In: Bongers F, Charles-Dominique P, Forget P-M, Théry, editors. Nouragues: dynamics and plant-animal interactions in a neotropical rainforest. Dordrecht (NL): Kluwer Acad Pub. p89-101.

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de Thoisy, Richard-Hansen C. 1996. Diet and social behaviour changes in a red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus) troop in a highly degraded rain forest. Folia Primatol 68(6):357-61.

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Yoneda M. 1990. The difference of tree size used by five cebid monkeys in Macarena Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 3:13-18.

Yoneda M. 1988. Habitat utilization of six species of monkeys in Rio Duda, Colombia. Field Stud New World Monk, La Macarena, Colombia 1:39-45.

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Youlatos D. 1993. Passages within a discontinuous canopy: bridging in the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus). Folia Primatol 61(3):144-7.

Youlatos D, Gasc JP. 1994. A preliminary study of head-first descent of lianas in the red howler monkey, Alouatta seniculus, in a primary rain forest in French Guiana. In: Thierry B, Anderson JR, Roeder JJ, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current Primatology, Vol. I: ecology and evolution. Strasbourg (FR): Univ Louis Pasteur. p203-10.

Youlatos D. 1998. Seasonal variation in the positional behavior of red howling monkeys (Alouatta seniculus). Primates 39(4):449-57.

Yumoto T, Kimura K, Nishimura A. 1999. Estimation of the retention times and distances of seed dispersed by two monkey species, Alouatta seniculus and Lagothrix lagothricha, in a Colombian forest. Ecol Res 14(2):179-91.

Content last modified: November 26, 2007