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Pigtail macaque
Macaca nemestrina

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Macaca nemestrina, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Caldecott JO. 1986. An ecological and behavioural study of the pig-tailed macaque. In: Szalay FS, editor. Contributions to primatology, Vol. 21. Basel (Switzerland): Karger. 259 p.

Choudhury 2001. Primates in northeast India: an overview of their distribution and conservation status. In: Gupta AK, editor. Vol 1(1), Non-human primates of India, ENVIS bulletin: wildlife & protected areas. Dehradun (India): Wildl Inst India. p 92-9.

Choudhury A. 2003. The pig-tailed macaque Macaca nemestrina in India- status and conservation. Prim Cons 19: 91-8.

Clarke MR, Blanchard JL, Snyder JA. 1995. Infant-killing in pigtailed monkeys: a colony management concern. Lab Prim News 34(4): 1-3.

Crockett CM, Wilson WL. 1980. The ecological separation of Macaca nemestrina and M. fascicularis in Sumatra. In: Lindburg DG, editor. The macaques: studies in ecology, behavior and evolution. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p 148-81.

Dittus W. 2004. Demography: a window to social evolution. In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns W, editors. Macaque societies: a model for the study of social organization. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 87-112.

Fa JE. 1989. The genus Macaca: a review of taxonomy and evolution. Mammal Rev 19(2): 45-81.

Feeroz MM, Islam MA, Kabir MM. 1994. Food and feeding behaviour of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), capped langur (Presbytis pileata), and pigtailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) of Lawachara. Bangladesh J Zool 22(2): 123-32.

Flack JC, Preuschoft S, Gong ML, de Waal FBM. 2000. Power, rank, dominance style, and the silent bared-teeth display in pigtail macaque society (Abstract). Am J Primatol 51(Suppl. 1): 57-8.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Gust DA, Gordon TP, Gergits WF, Casna NJ, Gould KG, McClure HM. 1996. Male dominance rank and offspring-initiated affiliative behaviors were not predictors of paternity in a captive group of pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina). Primates 37(3): 271-8.

Lucas PW, Corlett RT. 1991. Relationship between the diet of Macaca fascicularis and forest phenology. Folia Primatol 57(4): 201-15.

Maestripieri D. 1994a. Mother-infant relationships in three species of macaques (Macaca mulatta, M. nemestrina, M. arctoides). I. Development of the mother-infant relationship in the first three months. Behaviour 131(1-2): 75-96.

Maestripieri D. 1994b. Mother-infant relationships in three species of macaques (Macaca mulatta, M. nemestrina, M. arctoides). II. The social environment. Behaviour 131(1-2): 97-113

Maestripieri D. 1996. Maternal dominance rank and age affect offspring sex ratio in pigtail macaques. J Mammal 83(2): 563-8.

Maestripieri D. 2004. Maternal behavior, infant handling, and socialization. In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns W, editors. Macaque societies: a model for the study of social organization. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 231-4.

Maestripieri D, Wallen K. 1995. Interest in infants varies with reproductive condition in group-living female pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina). Physiol & Behav 57(2): 353-8.

Oi T. 1990b. Patterns of dominance and affiliation in wild pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina nemestrina) in west Sumatra. Int J Primatol 11(4): 339-56.

Oi T. 1990a. Population organization of wild pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina nemestrina) in west Sumatra. Primates 31(1): 15-31.

Oi T. 1996. Sexual behaviour and mating system of the wild pig-tailed macaque in west Sumatra. In: Fa DE, Lindburg DG, editors. Evolution and ecology of macaque societies. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 342-68.

Rijksen HD, Meijaard E. 1999. Our vanishing relative: the status of wild orang-utans at the close of the twentieth century. Dordrecht (The Netherlands): Kluwer Acad. 480 p.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263 p.

Saiful AA, Nordin M. 2001. Diversity and abundance of primates in the Weng River catchment, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropic Biodiv 7(2-3): 187-94.

Sirianni JE, Swindler DR. 1985. Growth and development of the pigtailed macaque. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Pr. 168 p.

Sponsel LE, Ruttanadakul N, Natadecha-Sponsel P. 2002. Monkey business? The conservation implications of macaque ethnoprimatology in southern Thailand. In: Fuentes A, Wolfe LD, editors. Primates face to face: conservation implications of human-nonhuman primate interconnections. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 288-309.

Srivastava A, Das J, Biswas J, Buzarbarua P, Sarkar P. 2001. Primate population decline in response to habitat loss: Borajan Reserve Forest of Assam, India. Primates 42(4): 401-6.

Srivastava A, Mohnot SM. 2001. Distribution, conservation status and priorities for primates in northeast India. In: Gupta AK, editor. Vol 1(1), Non-human primates of India, ENVIS bulletin: wildlife & protected areas. Dehradun (India): Wildl Inst India. p 102-8.

Supriatna J, Yanuar A, Martarinza, Wibisono HT, Sinaga R, Sidik I, Iskcandar S. 1996. A preliminary survey of long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis and Macaca nemestrina) in Lampung, Bengkulu, and Jampi provinces, Southern Sumatera, Indonesia. Tropic Biodiv 3(2): 131-40.

Umapathy G, Singh M, Mohnot SM. 2003. Status and distribution of Macaca fascicularis umbrosa in the Nicobar Islands, India. Int J Primatol 24(2): 281-93.

Yeager CP. 1996. Feeding ecology of the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) in Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia. Int J Primatol 17(1): 51-62.

Content last modified: September 12, 2005