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The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Brachyteles, search PrimateLit.


Brooks T, Rylands AB. 2003. Species on the brink: critically endangered terrestrial vertebrates. In: Galindo-Leal C, de Gusmão Cámara I, editors. The Atlantic forest of South America: biodiversity status, threats, and outlook. Washington DC: Island Pr. p 360-71.

Chiarello AG. 2003. Primates of the Brazilian Atlantic forest: the influence of forest fragmentation on survival. In: Marsh LK, editor. Primates in fragments: ecology and conservation. New York: Kluwer Acad/Plenum Pr. p 99-121.

da Fonseca GAB. 1985a. Observations on the ecology of the muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides E. Geoffroy 1806): implications for its conservation. Prim Cons 5: 48-52.

da Fonseca GAB. 1985b. The vanishing Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biol Cons. 34(1): 17-34.

da Oliveira Guimarães V, Strier KB. 2001. Adult male-infant interactions in wild muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides hypoxanthus). Primates 42(4): 395-9.

de Carvalho Jr. O, Ferrari SF, Strier KB. 2004. Diet of a muriqui group (Brachyteles arachnoides) in continuous primary forest. Primates 45(3): 201-4.

de Moraes PLR, de Carvalho O, Strier KB. 1998. Population variation in patch and party size in muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Int J Primatol 19(2): 325-37.

Dias LG, Mendes CL, Barbosa EF, Moreira LS; Melo FR; Strier KB. 2005. Monitoring progress in the habituation of the muriqui Brachyteles hypoxanthus to the presence of the researchers [abstract] (in Portuguese). In: Bicca-Marques JC, editor. Programa e livro de resumos XI Congresso Brasileiro de Primatologica. Porto Alegre (Brazil): Soc Brasil Prim. p 96.

Dias LG, Strier KB. 2003. Effects of group size on ranging patterns in Brachyteles arachnoides hypoxanthus. Int J Primatol 24(2): 209-21.

Dixson A, Anderson M. 2002. Sexual selection and the comparative anatomy of reproduction in monkeys, apes, and human beings. Ann Rev Sex Res 12: 121-44.

Gaulin SJC. 1979. A Jarman/Bell model of primate feeding niches. Hum Ecol 7(1): 1-20.

González-Solís J, Guix JC, Mateos E, Llorens L. 2001. Population density of primates in a large fragment of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Biodiv Cons 10(8): 1267-82.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hartwig W. 2005. Implications of molecular and morphological data for understanding ateline phylogeny. Int J Primatol 26(5): 999-1015.

Kinzey WG. 1997. Synopsis of New World primates (16 genera). In: Kinzey WG, editor. New world primates: ecology, evolution, and behavior. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. p 169-324.

Leigh SR, Jungers WL. 1994. Brief communication: a re-evaluation of subspecific variation and canine dimorphism in woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides). Am J Phys Anthro 95(4): 435-42.

Lemos de Sá RM, Glander KE. 1993. Capture techniques and morphometrics for the woolly spider monkey, or muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides, E. Geoffroy 1806). Am J Primatol 29(2): 145-53.

Lemos de Sá RM, Pope TR, Struhsaker TT, Glander KE. 1993. Sexual dimorphism in canine length of woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides, E. Geoffroy 1806). Int J Primatol 14(5): 755-63.

Lemos de Sá RM, Strier KB. 1992. A preliminary comparison of forest structure and use by two isolated groups of woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides. Biotropica 24(3): 455-9.

Martins WP, Strier KB. 2004. Age at first reproduction in philopatric female muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides hypoxanthus). Primates 45(1): 63-7.

Mendes SL, Fagundes V, Paula A, Moiana D, Angonesi P. The muriqui project in the state of Espirito Santo [abstract] (in Portuguese). In: Bicca-Marques JC, editor. Programa e livro de resumos XI Congresso Brasileiro de Primatologica. Porto Alegre (Brazil): Soc Brasil Prim. p 42.

Milton K. 1984. Habitat, diet, and activity patterns of free-ranging woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides E. Geoffroy 1806). Int J Primatol 5(5): 491-514.

Milton K. 1985. Urine washing behavior in the woolly spider monkey (Brachyteles arachnoides). Zeit Tierpsych 67(1-4): 154-60.

Mittermeier RA, Valladares-Padua C, Rylands AB, Eudey AA, Butynski TM, Ganzhorn JU, Kormos R, Aguiar JM, Walker S. 2005. Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates 2004-2006. Washington DC: IUCN Species Survival Commission. 48 p.

Morellato LPC, Haddad CFB. 2000. Introduction: the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biotropica 32(4b): 786-92.

Nishimura A, Fonseca GAB, Mittermeier RA, Young AL, Strier KB, Valle CMC. 1988. The muriqui, genus Brachyteles. In: Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB, Coimbra-Filho AF, da Fonseca GAB, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Volume 2. Washington DC: World Wildlife Fund. p 577-610.

Peres CA. 1994. Which are the largest New World monkeys? J Hum Evol 26(3): 245-9.

Pinto LPS, Costa CMR, Strier KB, da Fonseca GAB. 1993. Habitat density and group size of primates in a Brazilian tropical forest. Folia Primatol 61(3): 135-43.

Pope TR. 1998. Genetic variation in remnant populations of the woolly spider monkey (Brachyteles arachnoides). Int J Primatol 19(1): 95-109.

Printes RC, Costa CG, Strier KB. 1996. Possible predation on two infant muriquis, Brachyteles arachnoides, at the Estação Biológica de Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Neotrop Prim 4(3): 85-6.

Printes RC, Strier KB. 1999. Behavioral correlates of dispersal in female muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Int J Primatol 20(6): 941-60.

Rosenberger AL, Strier KB. 1989. Adaptive radiation of the ateline primates. J Hum Evol 18(7): 717-50.

Rylands AB, Mittermeier RA, Rodriguez Luna E. 1995. A species list for the New World primates (Platyrrhini): distribution by country, endemism, and conservation status according to the Mace-Land system. Neotrop Prim 3(Suppl.): 113-60.

Rylands A, Strier K, Mittermeier R, Borovansky J, Seal US, editors. 1998. Population and habitat viability assessment workshop for the muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides). Apple Valley (MN): IUCN/SSC Cons Breed Spec Group. 108 p.

Strier KB. 1986. The behavior and ecology of the woolly spider monkey, or muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides E. Geoffroy 1806). Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard Univ. 352 p.

Strier KB. 1987b. Activity budgets of woolly spider monkeys, or muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Am J Primatol 13(4): 385-95.

Strier KB. 1987a. Ranging behavior of woolly spider monkeys, or muriquis, Brachyteles arachnoides. Int J Primatol 8(6): 575-91.

Strier KB. 1989. Effects of patch size on feeding associations in muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Folia Primatol 52(1-2): 70-7.

Strier KB. 1991b. Demography and conservation of an endangered primate, Brachyteles arachnoides. Cons Bio 5(2): 214-8.

Strier KB. 1991a. Diet in one group of woolly spider monkeys, or muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Am J Primatol 23 (2): 113-26.

Strier KB. 1992a. Faces in the forest: the endangered muriqui monkeys of Brazil. New York: Oxford Univ Pr. 138 p.

Strier KB. 1992b. Causes and consequences of nonaggression in the woolly spider monkey, or muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides). In: Silverberg J, Gray JP, editors. Aggression and peacefulness in humans and other primates. New York: Oxford Univ Pr. p 100-16.

Strier KB. 1993. Growing up in a patrifocal society: sex differences in the spatial relations of immature muriquis. In: Pereira ME, Fairbanks LA, editors. Juvenile primates: life history, development, and behavior. Chicago: Univ Chicago Pr. p 138-47.

Strier KB. 1993/1994. Viability analysis of an isolated population of muriqui monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides): implications for primate conservation and demography. Prim Cons 14-15: 43-52.

Strier KB. 1994. Brotherhoods among atelins: kinship, affiliation, and competition. Behaviour 130(3-4): 151-67.

Strier KB. 1996. Reproductive ecology of female muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York: Plenum Pr. p 511-32.

Strier KB. 1997. Mate preferences of wild muriqui monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides): reproductive and social correlates. Folia Primatol 68(3-5): 120-33.

Strier KB. 2000. Population viabilities and conservation implications for muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides) in Brazil's Atlantic forest. Biotropica 32(4b): 903-13.

Strier KB, Boubli JP. 2006. A history of long-term research and conservation of northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) at the Estação Biológica de Caratinga/RPPN-FMA. Prim Cons 20: 53-63.

Strier KB, da Fonseca GAB. 1996/1997. The endangered muriqui in Brazil's Atlantic forest. Prim Cons 17: 131-7.

Strier KB, Dib LT, Figueira JEC. 2002. Social dynamics of male muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides hypoxanthus). Behaviour 138(2-3): 315-42.

Strier KB, Mendes FDC, Rímoli J, Rímoli AO. 1993. Demography and social structure of one group of muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Int J Primatol 14(4): 513-26.

Strier KB, Ziegler TE. 1994. Insights into ovarian function in wild muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides). Am J Primatol 32(1): 31-40.

Strier KB, Ziegler TE. 1997. Behavioral and endocrine characteristics of the reproductive cycle in wild muriqui monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides. Am J Primatol 42(4): 299-310.

Strier KB, Ziegler TE. 2000. Lack of pubertal influences on female dispersal in muriqui monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides. Anim Behav 59(4): 849-60.

Talebi M, Bastos A, Lee PC. 2005. Diet of southern muriquis in continuous Brazilian Atlantic forest. Int J Primatol 26(5): 1175-87.

Torres de Assumpcao C. 1983. Ecological and behavioural information on Brachyteles arachnoides. Primates 24(4): 584-93.

Zingeser MR. 1973. Dentition of Brachyteles arachnoides with reference to alouattine and ateline affinities. Folia Primatol 20: 351-90.

Content last modified: August 30, 2006