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Lesser bushbaby


CITES: Appendix II (What is CITES?)
IUCN Red List: G. rondoensis: CR; G. orinus: NT; G. alleni, G. thomasi, G. senegalensis, G. moholi, G. matschiei, G. granti, G. gallarum, G. gabonensis, G. demidoff, G. cameronensis, G. zanzibaricus: LC; G. nyasae: DD (What is Red List?)
Key: CR = Critically endangered, NT = Near threatened, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, LC = Least concern, DD = Data deficient
(Click on species name to see IUCN Red List entry, including detailed status assessment information.)

Galago moholi
Galago moholi
Photo: Gerald Doyle

Generally, bushbabies are considered adaptable and some species may be able to cope with some habitat degradation (Butynski et al. 1998; Ambrose 2006; Butynski et al. 2006). In some cases, bushbabies are still found in agricultural areas mixed with forest remnants (Butynski et al. 2006). G. demidoff, for example, is able to live in secondary habitats and near areas of human disturbance and G. gallarum is present in habitats which are significantly degraded by the overgrazing of livestock (Ambrose & Perkin 1999-2000; Butynski & de Jong 2004). Another example is G. alleni, which is sometimes found near roads and cultivation and in recently logged forests (Ambrose 2003). However, some species are extremely threatened. This is the case with the Rondo dwarf bushbaby (Galago rondoensis), which is listed as one of the world's 25 Most Endangered Primates (Mittermeier et al. 2007).


Threat: Human-Induced Habitat Loss and Degradation

As with most primates, habitat degradation, disturbance and loss are the most serious threats to many species of bushbaby (Butynski 1996/1997; Butynski et al. 1998; Ambrose 2006; Mittermeier et al. 2007). While bushbabies in general are quite widespread, some have more restricted ranges and are correspondingly, more susceptible comparable amounts of habitat loss and degradation (Bearder 2007). In Tanzania, for example, in addition to habitat destruction occurring as a result of logging, montane forest is cleared for agriculture and lowland forest is removed for rice, sugar, and rubber agriculture (Butynski et al. 1998). One of the most endangered bushbabies, G. rondonensis is threatened by the expansion of agriculture, charcoal manufacturing and logging (Mittermeier et al. 2007). Elsewhere, species in Uganda are threatened by the clearance of forest for gardens (Ambrose 2006).

In forests that have been logged, bushbabies are found at lower densities than in primary forests (Weisenseel et al. 1993).

Threat: Harvesting (hunting/gathering)

In Tanzania, bushbabies are not actively hunted and elsewhere in central and west Africa, are only very rarely found in bushmeat markets (review by Bowen-Jones & Pendry 1999; Jørgensbye 2007). However, even one of the smallest bushbabies, G. demidoff, is reported eaten on Bioko Island, West Africa (Albrechtsen et al. 2006). This may mean that even though they are diminutive, bushbabies are not immune from threats posed by hunting and the bushmeat trade.

Threat: Accidental Mortality

Galagos have been found in traps designed to capture birds in Equatorial Guinea (Garcia & Mba 1997).





Content last modified: December 8, 2008

Written by Kurt Gron. Reviewed by Leanne Nash.

Cite this page as:
Gron KJ. 2008 December 8. Primate Factsheets: Lesser bushbaby (Galago) Conservation . <>. Accessed 2014 April 18.