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Hoolock gibbon
Hoolock

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Hoolock, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Ahsan MF. 1994. Behavioural ecology of the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in Bangladesh. PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge, Cambridge (UK).

Ahsan MF. 1992. Feeding ecology of the primates of Bangladesh. In: Thierry B, Anderson JR, Roeder JJ, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current primatology, volume I: ecology and evolution. Strasbourg(FR):Universite Louis Pasteur. p 79-86.

Ahsan F. 1995. Fighting between two females for a male in the hoolock gibbon. Intl J Primatol 16(5):731-7.

Ahsan MF. 2004. Infant behaviour and development in hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock hoolock). Zoos' Print J 19(4):1435-6.

Ahsan MF. 2001. Socio-ecology of the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in two forests of Bangladesh. Brookfield Zoo, compiler. The apes: challenges for the 21st century: conference proceedings, May 10-13, 2000. Brookfield (IL):Brookfield Zoo. p 286-99.

Alfred JRB, Sati JP. 1986. The gibbons with special reference to Hylobates hoolock. In: Majupuria TC, editor. Wildlife wealth of India (resources & management). Bangkok (TH): Tecpress Service, LP. p 384-90.

Alfred JRB. 1992. The hoolock gibbon: Hylobates hoolock. Prim Rep 34:65-9.

Alfred JRB, Sati JP. 1991. On the first record of infanticide in the hoolock gibbon- Hylobates hoolock in the wild. Rec Zool Surv India 89(1-4):319-21.

Alfred JRB, Sati JP. 1990. Survey and census of the hoolock gibbon in West Garo Hills, Northeast India. Primates 31(2):299-306.

Bai B, Zhou W, Al H-S, Li Z-B, Zhang X-Y, Hu C-G. 2007. Habitat use of the hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) at Nankang, Mt. Gaoligong in spring. Zool Res 28(2):179-85.

Bujarbarua P, Das J. 2001. Hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) feeding on lichens. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 98(3):432.

Candler G. 1904. Notes on the habits of the hoolock. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 14:700-3.

Chetry D. 2002. Primates status survey and conservation priorities in Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh, India. ASP Bull 26(1):10-1.

Choudhury A. 2006. The distribution and status of hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock, in Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland in northeast India. Prim Conserv 20:79-87.

Choudhury A. 1991. Ecology of the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), a lesser ape in the tropical forests of north-eastern India. J Trop Ecol 7(1):147-53.

Choudhury A. 1987. Notes on the distribution and conservation of Phayre's leaf monkey and hoolock gibbon in India. Tigerpaper 14(2):2-6.

Choudhury A. 1990. Population dynamics of hoolock gibbons (Hylobates hoolock) in Assam, India. Am J Primatol 20(1):37-41.

Choudhury AU. 2000. A survey of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in Dibru-Saik-Howa National, Assam, India. Prim Rep 56:61-6.

Choudhury A. 1996. A survey of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in southern Assam, India. Prim Rep 44:77-85.

Choudhury A. 1989. Vocalization in hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock). Prim Rep 25:53-4.

Dam SN. 2006. A short study on wild hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) in Assam and Bangladesh. Gibb J 2:40-7.

Das J, Biswas J, Medhi R, Bose J, Chetry D, Bujorborua P, Begum F. 2003. Distributional status of hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) and their conservation in southern Assam, India. Tigerpaper 30(4):26-9.

Das J, Biswas J, Bhattacharjee PC, Mohnot SM. 2006. First distribution records of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock hoolock leuconedys from India. Zoos' Print J 21(7):2316-20.

Das J. 2002-2003. Hoolock gibbon: flagship species for future conservation in northeast India. Asian Prim 8(3-4):12-7.

Feeroz MM, Islam MA. 1992. Ecology and behaviour of hoolock gibbons of Bangladesh. Dhaka (BD): MARC. 76p.

Feeroz MM, Islam MA, Kabir MM. 1994. Food and feeding behaviour of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), capped langur (Presbytis pileata) and pigtailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) of Lawachara. Bangladesh J Zool 22(2):123-32.

Feeroz MM, Islam MA, Kabir M. 1995. Status, distribution and conservation of non-human primates of Bangladesh. Kyoto U Over Res Rep Stud Asia Non-Hum Prim 9:73-82.

Geissmann T. 1995. Gibbon systematics and species identification. Intl Zoo News 42(8): 467-501.

Geissmann T, Hulftegger AM. 1992. Olfactory communication in gibbons? In: Roeder JJ, Thierry B, Anderson JR, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current primatology, volume II: social development, learning and behaviour. Strasbourg (FR): Universite Louis Pasteur. p199-206.

Gittins SP, Tilson RL. 1984. Notes on the ecology and behaviour of the hoolock gibbon. In: Preuschoft H, Chivers DJ, Brockelman WY, Creel N, editors. The lesser apes: evolutionary and behavioural biology. Edinburgh (UK):Edinburgh U Pr. p 258-66.

Groves CP. 1967. Geographic variation in the hoolock or white-browed gibbon (Hylobates hoolock Harlan 1834). Folia Primatol 7:276-83.

Groves CP. 1972. Systematics and phylogeny of gibbons. Gibb Siam 1:1-89.

Gupta AK, Sharma N, Dasgupta S, Chakraborty D, Hazarika R. 2005. Conservation of hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in northeast India. In:Gupta AK, editor. Conservation of hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in northeast India. Dehradun (IN): Wildlife Institute of India. p 1-34.

Gupta AK. 1994. Status and conservation of non-human primates in Tripura, India. In: Thierry B, Anderson JR, Roeder JJ, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current primatology, volume I: ecology and evolution. Strasbourg (FR):Universite Louis Pasteur. p 101-11.

Haimoff EH. 1985. Some observations on the singing behaviour of the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 82(1):1-12.

Hasan MK, Feeroz MM, Islam MA, Kabir MM, Begum S. 2007. Substrate use by the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) in a semievergreen forest of Bangladesh. Zoos' Print J 22(6):2702-5.

Hazarika R, Gupta AK. 2005. Resource sharing by hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) with two primate species in gibbon wildlife sanctuary, Assam, India. In:Gupta AK, editor. Conservation of hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in northeast India. Dehradun (IN): Wildlife Institute of India. p 233-60.

Islam MA, Feeroz MM. 1992. Ecology of hoolock gibbon of Bangladesh. Primates 33(4):451-64.

Jenkins PD. 1990. Catalogue of primates in the British museum (natural history) and elsewhere in the British Isles, part V: the apes, Superfamily Hominoidea. London: Natural History Museum Publications. 137 p.

Jindal R, Sharma VK. 1984. Behaviour of the hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in captivity. In: Roonwal ML, Mohnot SM, Rathore NS, editors. Current primate researches. Jodhpur (IN):U Jodhpur. p 413-6.

Kakati K. 2006. Fragment-living-a study of hoolock gibbons in Assam, India. Gibb Voice 8(1):1-7.

Khan MAR, Ahsan MF. 1986. The status of primates in Bangladesh and a description of their forest habitats. Prim Conserv 7:102-9.

Lan D. 1994. Progress of surveys of hoolock gibbon in Yunnan: distribution, population size, habitat and conservation. Chin Prim Res Conserv News 3(1):8-10.

Leutenegger W, Cheverud J. 1982. Correlates of sexual dimorphism in primates: ecological and size variables. Intl J Primatol 3(4):387-402.

Ma S, Wang Y, Poirier FE. 1988. Taxonomy, distribution, and status of gibbons (Hylobates) in southern China and adjacent areas. Primates 29(2):277-86.

Matthews LH. 1946. Notes on the genital anatomy and physiology of the gibbon (Hylobates). Proceed Zool Soc London 116:339-64.

McCann C. 1933. Notes on the colouration and habits of the white-browed gibbon or hoolock (Hylobates hoolock Harl.). J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 36:395-405.

Mittermeier RA, Ratsimbazafy J, Rylands AB, Williamson L, Oates JF, Mbora D, Ganzhorn JU, Rodríguez-Luna E, Palacios E, Heymann EW, Kierulff MCM, Long YC, Supriatna J, Roos C, Walker S, Aguiar JM. 2007. Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates, 2006-2008. Prim Conserv 22:1-40.

Molur S, Walker S, Islam A, Miller P, Srinivasulu C, Nameer PO, Daniel BA, Ravikumar L, editors. 2005. Conservation of western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock hoolock) in India and Bangladesh: population and habitat viability assessment (P.H.V.A.) workshop report, 2005. Coimbatore (IN): Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia. 132p.

Mootnick AR, Haimoff EH, Nyunt-Lwin K. 1987. Conservation and captive management of hoolock gibbons in the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma. AAZPA Annual Proceedings 1987:398-424.

Mukherjee RP. 1986. The ecology of the hoolock gibbon, Hylobates hoolock, in Tripura, India. In: Else JG, Lee PC, editors. Primate ecology and conservation. Cambridge (UK):Cambridge U Pr. p115-23.

Mukherjee RP, Chaudhuri S, Murmu A. 1991-1992. Hoolock gibbons (Hylobates hoolock) in Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India: the Lohit District. Prim Conserv 12/13:31-3.

Mukherjee RP, Chaudhuri S, Murmu A. 1988. Hoolock gibbons in Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India. Prim Conserv 9:121-3.

Mukherjee RP, Chaudhuri S, Murmu A. 1992. Status and conservation problems of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in some of its range of distribution in northeastern India. Prim Rep 34:133-8.

Muzaffar SB, Islam MA, Feeroz MM, Kabir M, Begum S, Mahmud MS, Chakma S, Hasan MK. 2007. Habitat characteristics of the endangered hoolock gibbons of Bangladesh: the role of plant species richness. Biotropica 39(4):539-45.

Mootnick AR. 2006. Gibbon (Hylobatidae) species identification recommended for rescue or breeding centers. Prim Conserv 21:103-38.

Mootnick A, Groves C. 2005. A new generic name for the hoolock gibbon (Hylobatidae). Intl J Primatol 26(4):971-6.

Mukherjee RP. 1986. The ecology of the hoolock gibbon, Hylobates hoolock, in Tripura, India. In: Else JG, Lee PC, editors. Primate ecology and conservation. Cambridge (UK):Cambridge U Pr. 115-23.

Mukherjee RP, Chaudhuri S, Murmu A. 1992. Status and conservation problems of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) in some of its range of distribution in north-eastern India. Prim Rep 34:133-8.

Roonwal ML, Mohnot SM. 1977. Primates of south Asia: ecology, sociobiology, and behavior. Cambridge (MA): Harvard U Pr. 421 p.

Sati JP, Alfred JRB. 2001. Hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock). Envis Bull Wildl Protect Area 1(1):60-7.

Sati JP, Alfred JRB. 2002. Locomotion and posture in hoolock gibbon. Annal Forest 10(2):298-306.

Siddiqi NA. 1986. Gibbons (Hylobates hoolock) in the west Banugach reserved forest of Sylhet district, Bangladesh. Tigerpaper 13(3):29-31.

Srivastava A, Das J, Biswas J, Buzarbarua P, Sarkar P, Bernstein IS, Mohnot SM. 2001. Primate population decline in response to habitat loss: Borajan Reserve Forest of Assam, India. Primates 42(4):401-6.

Tilson RL. 1979. Behaviour of hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock) during different seasons in Assam, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 76(1):1-16.

Walker S. 2005. Highlights of the population and habitat viability assessment for western hoolock gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock hoolock) held in Bangladesh. Zoos' Print 20(4):2-3.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214 p.

Yang D-H, Zhang J, Li C. 1987. Preliminary survey on the population and distribution of gibbons in Yunnan Province. Primates 28(4):547-9.

Zhang S-Y. 1998. Current status and conservation strategies of primates in China. Prim Conserv 18:81-4.

Content last modified: August 13, 2008