Primate Info Net Banner Wisconsin PRC Logo

Colobus guereza

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Colobus guereza, search PrimateLit.


Ackerman DE. 1991. A study of the colobus monkey (Colobus guereza kikuyuensis). Anim Keep For 18(4):164-71.

Björnsdotter M, Larsson L, Ljungberg T. 2000. Post-conflict affiliation in two captive groups of black-and-white guereza Colobus guereza. Ethology 106(4):289-300.

Bocian CM. 1997. Niche separation of black-and-white colobus monkeys (Colobus angolensis and C. guereza) in the Ituri Forest. PhD dissertation, City University of New York.

Butynski TM. 1990. Comparative ecology of blue monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis) in high- and low-density subpopulations. Ecol Mono 60(1):1-26.

Chapman CA, Wasserman MD, Gillespie TR. 2006. Behavioral patterns of colobus in logged and unlogged forests: the conservation value of harvested forests. In: Newton-Fisher NE, Notman H, Paterson JD, Reynolds V, editors. Primates of western Uganda. New York: Springer. p 373-90.

Chapman CA, Pavelka MSM. 2005. Group size in folivorous primates: ecological constraints and the possible influence of social factors. Primates 46(1):1-9.

Chapman CA, Balcomb SR, Gillespie TR, Skorupa JP, Struhsaker TT. 2000. Long-term effects of logging on African primate communities: a 28-year comparison from Kibale National Park, Uganda. Conserv Biol 14(1):207-17.

Chapman CA, Chapman LJ. 1996. Mixed-species primate groups in the Kibale Forest: ecological constraints on association. Intl J Primatol 17(1):31-50.

Chapman CA, Naughton-Treves L, Lawes MJ, Wasserman MD, Gillespie TR. 2007. Population declines of colobus in western Uganda and conservation value of forest fragments. Intl J Primatol 28(3):513-28.

Chapman CA, Chapman LJ, Naughton-Treves L, Lawes MJ, McDowell LR. 2004. Predicting folivorous primate abundance: validation of a nutritional model. Am J Primatol 62(2):55-69.

Chapman CA, Chapman LJ, Cords M, Gathua JM, Gautier-Hion A, Lambert JE, Rode K, Tutin CEG, White LJT. 2002. Variation in the diets of Cercopithecus species: differences within forests, among forests, and across species. In: Glenn ME, Cords M, editors. The guenons: diversity and adaptation in African monkeys. New York:Kluwer Acad/Plenum Pub. p 325-50.

Clutton-Brock TH. 1975. Feeding behaviour of red colobus and black and white colobus in east Africa. Folia Primatol 23:165-207.

Dunbar RIM, Dunbar EP. 1976. Contrasts in social structure among black-and-white colobus monkey groups. Anim Behav 24:84-92.

Dunbar RIM, Dunbar EP. 1974. Ecology and population dynamics of Colobus guereza in Ethiopia. Folia Primatol 21:188-208.

Dunbar RIM. 1987. Habitat quality, population dynamics, and group composition in colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Intl J Primatol 8(4):299-329.

Eves HE, Ruggiero RG. 2000. Socioeconomics and the sustainability of hunting in the forests of northern Congo (Brazzaville). In: Robinson JG, Bennett EL, editors. Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York: Colombia U Pr. p 427-54.

Fashing PJ. 2001a. Activity and ranging patterns of guerezas in the Kakamega Forest: intergroup variation and implications for intragroup feeding competition. Intl J Primatol 22(4):549-77.

Fashing PJ. 2007. African colobine monkeys: patterns of between-group interaction. In: Campbell CJ, Fuentes A, MacKinnon KC, Panger M, Bearder SK, editors. Primates in perspective. New York: Oxford U Pr. p 201-24.

Fashing PJ. 1999b. The behavioral ecology of an African colobine monkey: diet, range use, and patterns of intergroup aggression in eastern black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). PhD dissertation, Columbia University.

Fashing PJ. 2001b. Feeding ecology of the guerezas in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya: the importance of Moraceae fruit in their diet. Intl J Primatol 22(4):579-609.

Fashing PJ, Dierenfeld ES, Mowry CB. 2007. Influence of plant of soil chemistry on food selection, ranging patterns, and biomass of Colobus guereza in Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Int J Primatol 28(3):673-703.

Fashing PJ. 2001c. Male and female strategies during intergroup encounters in guerezas (Colobus guereza): evidence for resource defense mediated through males and a comparison with other primates. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 50(3):219-30.

Fashing PJ. 2004. Mortality trends in the African cherry (Prunus africana) and the implications for colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Biol Conserv 120(4):449-59.

Fashing PJ. 2002. Population status of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in Kakamega Forest, Kenya: are they really on the decline? Afr Zool 37(2):119-26.

Fay JM, 1985. Range extensions for four Cercopithecus species in the Central African Republic. Prim Conserv 6:63-8.

Gebo DL, Chapman CA. 2000. Locomotor behavior in Ugandan monkeys. In: Whitehead PF, Jolly CJ, editors. Old world monkeys. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 480-95.

Gebo DL, Chapman CA. 1995. Positional behavior in five sympatric old world monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 97(1):49-76.

Grimes KH. 2000. Guereza dietary and behavioural patterns at the Entebbe Botanical Gardens. MA thesis, University of Calgary. 146 p.

Groves C. 2005. Order primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p 111-84.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Grunau T, Kuester J. 2001. Dominance style in female guerezas (Colobus guereza Rüppell 1835). Primates 42(4):301-7.

Harris TR, Monfort SL. 2003. Behavioral and endocrine dynamics associated with infanticide in a black and white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza). Am J Primatol 61(3):135-42.

Harris TR. 2006a. Between-group contest competition for food in a highly folivorous population of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 61(2):317-29.

Harris TR, Fitch WT, Goldstein LM, Fashing PJ. 2006. Black and white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) roars as a source of both honest and exaggerated information about body mass. Ethology 112(9):911-20.

Harris TR, Monfort SL. 2006. Mating behavior and endocrine profiles of wild black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): toward an understanding of their life history and mating system. Am J Primatol 68(4):383-96.

Harris TR, Caillaud D, Chapman CA, Vigilant L. 2009. Neither genetic nor observational data alone are sufficient for understanding sex-biased dispersal in a social-group-living species. Mol Ecol 18:1777-90.

Harris TR. 2006b. Within- and among-male variation in roaring by black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): What does it reveal about function? Behaviour 143(2):197-218.

Harris TR. 2005. Roaring, intergroup aggression, and feeding competition in black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) at Kanyawara, Kibale National Park, Uganda. PhD dissertation, Yale University. 253 p.

Harris TR, Chapman CA. 2007. Variation in diet and ranging of black and white colobus monkeys in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Primates 48(3):208-21.

Hart JA, Katembo M, Punga K. 1996. Diet, prey selection and ecological relations of leopard and golden cat in the Ituri Forest, Zaire. Afr J Ecol 34:364-379.

Hayes VJ, Freedman L, Oxnard CE. 1995. The differential expression of dental sexual dimorphism in subspecies of Colobus guereza. Intl J Primatol 16(6):971-96.

von Hippel FA. 1996. Interactions between overlapping multimale groups of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Am J Primatol 38(3):193-209.

von Hippel FA, Frederick H, Cleland E. 2000. Population decline of the black and white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Afr Zool 35(1):69-75.

von Hippel FA. 1998. Use of sleeping trees by black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Am J Primatol 45(3):281-90.

Hollihn U. 1973. Remarks on the breeding and maintenance of colobus monkeys Colobus guereza, proboscis monkeys Nasalis larvatus and douc langurs Pygathrix nemaeus in zoos. Intl Zoo Ybk 13:185-8.

Horwich RH, Manski D. 1975. Maternal care and infant transfer in two species of Colobus monkeys. Primates 16(1):49-73.

Hull DB. 1978. Aberrations in the coat colour patterns of black and white Colobus monkeys. E Afr Wildl J 16:21-7.

Ihobe H. 2001. Hunting attempt by chimpanzees on Abyssinian colobus at the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda. Pan Afr News 8(2):31-2.

Kirkpatrick RC. 1999. Colobine diet and social organization In: Dolhinow P, Fuentes A, editors. The nonhuman primates. Mountain View (CA): Mayfield Pub Co. p 93-105.

Krüger O, Affeldt E, Brackmann M, Milhahn K. 1998. Group size and composition of Colobus guereza in Kyambura Gorge, southwest Uganda, in relation to chimpanzee activity. Intl J Primatol 19(2):287-97.

Lahm SA. 2001. Hunting and wildlife in northeastern Gabon: why conservation should extend beyond protected areas. In: Weber W, White LJT, Vedder A, Naughton-Treves L, editors. African rain forest ecology and conservation: an interdisciplinary perspective. New Haven (CT): Yale U Pr. p 344-54.

Lwanga JS. 2006. Spatial distribution of primates in a mosaic of colonizing and old growth forest at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. Primates 47(3):230-8.

Marler P. 1972. Vocalizations of east African monkeys II: black and white colobus. Behaviour 42:175-97.

Mitani JC, Sanders WJ, Lwanga JS, Windfelder TL. 2001. Predatory behavior of crowned hawk-eagles (Stephanoaetus coronatus) in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 49(2-3):187-95.

Mittermeier RA, Fleagle JG. 1976. The locomotor and postural repertoires of Ateles geoffroyi and Colobus guereza, and a reevaluation of the locomotor category semibrachiation. Am J Phys Anth 45:235-56.

Morbeck ME. 1977a. Leaping, bounding and bipedalism in Colobus guereza: a spectrum of positional behavior. Ybk Phys Anth 20:408-20.

Morbeck ME. 1977b. Positional behavior, selective use of habitat substrate and associated non-positional behavior in free-ranging Colobus guereza (Rüppel, 1835). Primates 18(1):35-58.

Napier PH. 1985. Catalogue of primates in the British museum (natural history) and elsewhere in the British Isles, part III: family Cercopithecidae, subfamily Colobinae. London: British Museum (Natural History). 111 p.

Naughton-Treves L. 1998. Predicting patterns of crop damage by wildlife around Kibale National Park, Uganda. Conserv Biol 12(1):156-68.

Naughton-Treves L. 1996. Uneasy neighbors: wildlife and farmers around Kibale National Park, Uganda. PhD dissertation, University of Florida. 175 p.

Oates JF, Davies AG. 1994a. Conclusions: the past, present and future of the colobines. In: Davies AG, Oates JF, editors. Colobine monkeys: their ecology, behaviour and evolution. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 347-58.

Oates JF, Davies AG, Delson E. 1994. The diversity of living colobines. In: Davies AG, Oates JF, editors. Colobine monkeys: their ecology, behaviour and evolution. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 45-73.

Oates JF. 1974. The ecology and behaviour of the black-and-white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza Rüppell) in East Africa. PhD dissertation, University of London.

Oates JF, Bocian CM, Terranova CJ. 2000. The loud calls of black-and-white colobus monkeys: their adaptive and taxonomic significance in light of new data. In: Whitehead PF, Jolly CJ, editors. Old world monkeys. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 431-52.

Oates JF. 1994. The natural history of African colobines. In: Davies AG, Oates JF, editors. Colobine monkeys: their ecology, behaviour and evolution. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 75-128.

Oates JF. 1977a. The guereza and its food. In: Clutton-Brock TH, editor. Primate ecology: studies of feeding and ranging behaviour in lemurs, monkeys and apes. London: Acad Pr. p 275-321.

Oates JF. 1977b. The guereza and man. In: Rainier III (Grimaldi) Prince of Monaco, Bourne GH, editors. Primate conservation. New York: Academic Pr. p 419-67

Oates JF. 1977c. The social life of a black-and-white colobus monkey, Colobus guereza. Z Tierpsychol 45:1-60.

Oates JF, Trocco TF. 1983. Taxonomy and phylogeny of black-and-white colobus monkeys. Folia Primatol 40(1-2):83-113.

Oates JF. 1978. Water-plant and soil consumption by guereza monkeys (Colobus guereza): a relationship with minerals and toxins in the diet? Biotropica 10(4):241-53.

Oates JF, Davies AG. 1994b. What are the colobines? In: Davies AG, Oates JF, editors. Colobine monkeys: their ecology, behaviour and evolution. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge U Pr. p 1-9.

Onderdonk DA. 2000. Infanticide of a newborn black-and-white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Primates 41(2):209-12.

Plumptre AJ. 2006. The diets, preferences, and overlap of the primate community in the Budongo Forest reserve, Uganda: effects of logging on primate diets. In: Newton-Fisher NE, Notman H, Paterson JD, Reynolds V, editors. Primates of western Uganda. New York: Springer. p 345-71.

Plumptre AJ, Reynolds V. 1994. The effect of selective logging on the primate populations in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. J Appl Ecol 31(4):631-41.

Preece GA. 2006. Factors influencing variation in the population densities of Colobus guereza within selectively logged forest at the Budongo Forest Reserve: the importance of lianas during a subsistence diet. In: Newton-Fisher NE, Notman H, Paterson JD, Reynolds V, editors. Primates of western Uganda. New York: Springer. p 23-43

Rose MD. 1977. Interspecific play between free ranging guerezas (Colobus guereza) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). Primates 18(4):957-64.

Rowell TE, Richards SM. 1979. Reproductive strategies of some African monkeys. J Mammal 60(1):58-69.

Skorupa JP. 1986. Responses of rainforest primates to selective logging in Kibale forest, Uganda: a summary report. In: Benirschke K, editor. Primates: the road to self-sustaining populations. New York: Springer-Verlag. p 57-70.

Smith RJ, Jungers WL. 1997. Body mass in comparative primatology. J Hum Evol 32(6):523-59.

Stern M, Goldstone R. 2005. Red colobus as prey: the leaping habits of five sympatric old world monkeys. Folia Primatol 76(2):100-12.

Struhsaker TT, Leakey M. 1990. Prey selectivity by crowned hawk-eagles on monkeys in the Kibale Forest, Uganda. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 26(6):435-43.

Suzuki A. 1975. The origin of hominid hunting: a primatological perspective. In: Tuttle RH, editor. Socioecology and psychology of primates. The Hague (NL): Mouton Pub. p 259-78.

Tague RG. 2002. Variability of metapodials in primates with rudimentary digits: Ateles geoffroyi, Colobus guereza, and Perodicticus potto. Am J Phys Anth 117(3):195-208.

Thomas SC. 1991. Population densities and patterns of habitat use among anthropoid primates of the Ituri Forest, Zaïre. Biotropica 12(1):68-83.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214 p.

Wooldridge FL. 1971. Colobus guereza: birth and infant development in captivity. Anim Behav 19:481-5.

Content last modified: May 12, 2009