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Goeldi's monkey
Callimico goeldii

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Callimico, search PrimateLit.


Altmann J, Warneke M, Ramer J. 1988. Twinning among Callimico goeldii. Intl J Primatol 9(2):165-8.

Anderson D. 1997. The reproductive strategy of the Goeldi's monkey. AZA Ann Conf Proc 1997:20-4.

Ankel-Simons F. 2007. Primate anatomy: an introduction. San Diego:Elsevier. 724p.

Azevedo Lopes MAO, Rehg JA. 2003. Observations of Callimico goeldii with Saguinus imperator in the Serra do Divisor National Park, Acre, Brazil. Neotrop Prim 11(3):181-3.

Beck BB, Anderson D, Ogden J, Rettberg B, Brejla C, Scola R, Warneke M. 1982. Breeding the Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii at Brookfield Zoo, Chicago. Intl Zoo Ybk 22:106-14.

Buchanan-Smith H. 1991. Field observations of Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii, in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 57(2):102-5.

Cameron R, Wiltshire C, Foley C, Dougherty N, Aramayo X, Rea L. 1989. Goeldi's monkey and other primates in northern Bolivia. Prim Conserv 10:62-70.

Carroll JB. 1994. The captive behaviour and reproduction of Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii). Prim Eye 53:20-1.

Carroll JB. 1982. Maintenance of the Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii at Jersey wildlife preservation trust. Intl Zoo Ybk 22:101-5.

Carroll JB. 1985. Pair bonding in Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii (Thomas, 1904). Dodo 22:57-71.

Carroll JB. 1988. The stability of multifemale groups of Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii in captivity. Dodo 25:37-43.

Carroll JB, Abbott DH, George LM, Hindle JE, Martin RD. 1990. Urinary endocrine monitoring of the ovarian cycle and pregnancy in Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii). J Reprod Fert 89(1):149-61.

Christen A. 1994. Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii, in northern Bolivia. In: Thierry B, Anderson JR, Roeder JJ, Herrenschmidt N, editors. Current primatology, volume I: ecology and evolution. Strasbourg (FR): Universite Louis Pasteur. p 73-8.

Christen A. 1998. The most enigmatic monkey in the Bolivian rain forest-Callimico goeldii. Neotrop Prim 6(2):35-7.

Christen A, Geissmann T. 1994. A primate survey in northern Bolivia, with special reference to Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii. Intl J Primatol 15(2):239-74.

Christen A. 1999. Survey of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 70(2):107-11.

Defler TR, Rodríguez-M JV, Hernández-Camacho JI. 2003. Conservation priorities for Colombian primates. Prim Conserv 19:10-8.

Defler TR. 2004. Primates of Colombia. Bogotá (CO): Conservation International. 550p.

Defler TR. 1989. The status and some ecology of primates in the Colombian Amazon. Prim Conserv 10:51-5.

Dettling A, Pryce CR. 1999. Hormonal monitoring of age at sexual maturation in female Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in their family groups. Am J Primatol 48(1):77-83.

Dettling A, Pryce CR, Martin RD, Döbeli M. 1998. Physiological responses to parental separation and a strange situation are related to parental care received in juvenile Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii). Develop Psychobiol 33(1):21-31.

Dettling AC. 2002. Reproduction and development in Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii). Evol Anth 11(Suppl 1):207-10.

Encarnación F, Heymann EW. 1998. Body mass of wild Callimico goeldii. Folia Primatol 69(6):368-71.

Garber PA, Leigh SR. 2001. Patterns of positional behavior in mixed-species troops of Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and Saguinus fuscicollis in northwestern Brazil. Am J Primatol 54(1):17-31.

Garber PA, Rehg JA. 1998. Preliminary field study of positional behavior and habitat preference in Callimico goeldii. Am J Phys Anth (Suppl 26):85-6.

Groves C. 2005. Order primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p111-84.

Hanson AM, Hall MB, Porter LM, Lintzenich B. 2006. Composition and nutritional characteristics of fungi consumed by Callimico goeldii in Pando, Bolivia. Intl J Primatol 27(1):323-46.

Heltne PG, Wojcik JF, Pook AG. 1981. Goeldi's monkey, genus Callimico. In: Coimbra-Filho AF, Mittermeier RA, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, volume 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. p169-209.

Heltne PG, Turner DC, Wolhandler J. 1973. Maternal and paternal periods in the development of infant Callimico goeldii. Am J Phys Anth 38:555-60.

Hershkovitz P. 1977. Living new world monkeys (Platyrrhini): with an introduction to primates, volume 1. Chicago:U Chicago Pr. 1117p.

Hill WCO. 1959. The anatomy of Callimico goeldii (Thomas). Transact Amer Phil Soc 49:1-116.

Izawa K, Yoneda M. 1981. Habitat utilization of nonhuman primates in a forest of the western pando, Bolivia. Kyoto U Overs Res Rep New World Monk 2:13-22.

Izawa K. 1979. Studies on peculiar distribution pattern of Callimico. Kyoto U Overs Res Rep New World Monk 1:1-19.

Jacobs F. 1984. Goeldi's beautiful monkey. Intl Zoo News 31(1):4-8.

Jurke MH, Pryce CR, Hug-Hodel A, Döbeli M. 1995. An investigation into the socioendocrinology of infant care and postpartum fertility in Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii). Intl J Primatol 16(3):453-74.

Jurke MH, Pryce CR. 1994. Parental and infant behaviour during early periods of infant care in Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii. Anim Behav 48(5):1095-112.

Laurin D, Ferron C, Dancosse J. 1994. Social and individual behaviour of a family of Callimico goeldii in a recreated habitat. AZA Reg Conf Proc 1994:371-6.

Lorenz R. 1972. Management and reproduction of the Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii (Thomas, 1904) Callimiconidae, primates. In: Bridgwater DD, editor. Saving the lion marmoset. Wheeling (WV): Wild Animal Propagation Trust. p92-109.

Masataka N. 1981. A field study of the social behavior of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) in north Bolivia: I. group composition, breeding cycle, and infant development. Kyoto U Overs Res Rep New World Monk 2:23-32.

Masataka N. 1982. A field study on the vocalizations of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii). Primates 23(2):206-19.

Masataka N. 1986. Interspecific and intraspecific responses to some species-specific vocalizations in marmosets, tamarins, and Goeldi's monkeys. In: Taub DM, King FA, editors. Current perspectives in primates social dynamics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. p 368-77.

Omedes A, Carroll JB. 1980. A comparative study of pair behaviour of four callitrichid species and the Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii at Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. Dodo 17:51-62.

Pook AG. 1975. Breeding Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) at the Jersey Zoological Park. Ann Rep Jersey Wildl Pres Trust 12:17-20.

Pook AG. 1978. A comparison between the reproduction and parental behaviour of the Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) and of the true marmosets (Callitrichidae). In: Rothe H, Wolters H-J, Hearn JP, editors. Biology and behaviour of marmosets, proceedings of the marmoset workshop, Göttingen, W-Germany, Setpember 2-5, 1977. Duderstadt (DE): Mecke-Druck. p 1-14.

Pook AG, Pook J. 1979. The conservation status of the Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii in Bolivia. Dodo 16:40-5.

Pook AG, Pook G. 1981. A field study of the socio-ecology of the Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) in northern Bolivia. Folia Primatol 35:288-312.

Pook AG, Pook G. 1982. Polyspecific association between Saguinus fuscicollis, Saguinus labiatus, Callimico goeldii and other primates in north-western Bolivia. Folia Primatol 38(3-4):196-216.

Porter LM. 2000. The behavior and ecology of the Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) in northern Bolivia. PhD dissertation, SUNY-Stony Brook.

Porter LM. 2007. The behavioral ecology of callimicos and tamarins in northwestern Bolivia. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall. 172p.

Porter LM. 2001a. Benefits of polyspecific associations for the Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii). Am J Primatol 54:143-58.

Porter LM. 2001b. Dietary differences among sympatric Callitrichinae in northern Bolivia: Callimico goeldii, Saguinus fuscicollis and S. labiatus. Intl J Primatol 22(6):961-92.

Porter LM, Garber PA. 2004. Goeldi's monkeys: a primate paradox? Evol Anth 13(3):104-15.

Porter LM, Hanson AM, Becerra EN. 2001. Group demographics and dispersal in a wild group of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii). Folia Primatol 72(2):108-10.

Porter LM, Garber PA. 2005. Social behavior of wild Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii) [abstract]. Am J Phys Anth (Suppl 40):167-8.

Porter LM. 2001c. Social organization, reproduction and rearing strategies of Callimico goeldii: new clues from the wild. Folia Primatol 72(2):69-79.

Porter LM. 2006. Distribution and density of Callimico goeldii in the department of Pando, Bolivia. Am J Primatol 68(3):235-43.

Porter LM. 2004. Forest use and activity patterns of Callimico goeldii in comparison to two sympatric tamarins, Saguinus fuscicollis and Saguinus labiatus. Am J Phys Anth 124(2):139-53.

Porter LM, Christen A. 2002. Fungus and Callimico goeldii: new insights into Callimico Goeldii behavior and ecology. Evol Anth 11(suppl 1):87-90.

Porter LM, Sterr SM, Garber PA. 2007. Habitat use and ranging behavior of Callimico goeldii. Intl J Primatol 28(5):1035-58.

Porter LM, Garber PA. 2007. Niche expansion of a cryptic primate, Callimico goeldii, while in mixed species troops. Am J Primatol 69(12):1340-53.

Pryce CR, Dettling A. 1995. Fundamental and applied research into Goeldi's monkey breeding: an integration of behavioural, endocrine and life-history techniques. In: Gansloßer U, Hodges JK, Kaumanns W, editors. Research and captive propagation. Fürth (DE): Filander Verlag. p285-91.

Rehg JA. 2003. Polyspecific associations of Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and Saguinus fuscicollis in Acre, Brazil. PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Rehg JA. 2007. Population density of Callimico goeldii (Goeldi's monkey) in relationship to home range and habitat in a forest fragment in Acre, Brazil. A Primatol no Brasil 10:269-98.

Rehg JA. 2006. Seasonal variation in polyspecific associations among Callimico goeldii, Saguinus labiatus, and S. fuscicollis in Acre, Brazil. Intl J Primatol 27(5):1399-428.

Schradin C, Anzenberger G. 2001. Infant carrying in family groups of Goeldi's monkeys (Callimico goeldii). Am J Primatol 53(2):57-67.

Smith RJ, Leigh SR. 1998. Sexual dimorphism in primate neonatal body mass. J Hum Evol 34(2):173-201.

Sodaro V. 2000. A review of hand-reared Goeldi's monkey Callimico goeldii at Brookfield Zoo 1977-1997. Intl Zoo Ybk 37:360-6.

Vasarhelyi K. 2000. Is Callimico monotypic? A reassessment in the light of new data. Dodo 36:20-9.

Warneke M. 1988. Callimico goeldii: 1988 international studbook/internationals zuchtbuch. Brookfield (IL):Chicago Zoological Society.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214 p.

Welker C, Klaiber A. 1996. The Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) colony of Kassel University. Demographic and reproductive data from 1978 to 1995 [abstract]. Prim Rep 44:53.

Wojcik JF, Heltne PG. 1976. Tail marking in Callimico goeldii. In: Chivers DJ, Herbert J, editors. Recent advances in primatology, volume one: behaviour. London:Academic Pr. p507-9.

Ziegler TE, Snowdon CT, Warneke M. 1989. Postpartum ovulation and conception in Goeldi's monkey, Callimico goeldii. Folia Primatol 52(3-4):206-10.

Content last modified: August 26, 2008