CITES: Appendix I
(What is CITES?)
IUCN Red List: C. goeldii: VU
(What is Red List?)
Key: VU = Vulnerable
(Click on species name to see IUCN Red List entry, including detailed status assessment information.)
Photo: Verena Behringer
The main problem with assessing the conservation status of callimicos is the
limited available information on the distribution, ecology and population
density of the species (Porter 2007). In many cases, conservation measures
cannot be enacted until the exact locations of populations of callimicos are
defined, a problem confounded by low population densities which causes the
species to be sometimes overlooked in surveys (Defler et al. 2003; Porter 2000;
2007). These low densities and the rarity of the species also put callimicos at
higher risk than more common primate species (Porter 2000).
It is clear in some areas that populations have disappeared because of human
actions (Christen 1999). Threats can only increase with human population growth,
especially in habitats in Bolivia, where health care and immigration are fueling
rapid human population growth (Porter 2007).
Threat: Human-Induced Habitat Loss and Degradation
Logging threatens callimicos. This is especially true in the department of
Pando, Bolivia, where not only is commercial logging of mahogany and roble trees
degrading forest, but also where the construction of logging roads has sped
human settlement of and ranching activity in the area (Porter 2000). However,
since callimicos can live in degraded forest, they are able to cope with some
disturbance, as long as the forest is not clear-cut (Defler 1989). In fact,
degraded habitats provide important resources for the species (Rehg 2007). Much
logging is selective and leaves the majority of the forest still standing
(Porter 2007). However, government economic development, resettlement, and road
building programs can exacerbate the loss and degradation of callimico habitats
(Pook & Pook 1979; Cameron & Buchanan-Smith 1991-1992).
Ranching has the potential to affect callimico habitats more profoundly,
through clear-cutting the forest (Porter 2007).
Threat: Harvesting (hunting/gathering)
In general, callitrichines such as callimicos are not usually hunted,
partially owing to their diminutive size (Defler 1989; Porter 2006). However,
owing to their low population densities and large home ranges, even if small
numbers are trapped, large areas of occurrence have the potential to be affected
(Pook & Pook 1979). Also, in some areas of Bolivia, callimicos are eaten
and are supposedly desired by non-local individuals (Christen & Geissmann
LINKS TO MORE ABOUT CONSERVATION
ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN Callimico goeldii CONSERVATION
Content last modified: August 26, 2008
Written by Kurt Gron. Reviewed by Leila Porter.
Cite this page as:
Gron KJ. 2008 August 26. Primate Factsheets: Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) Conservation . <http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/goeldi's_monkey/cons>. Accessed 2014 November 21.