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Dusky titi
Callicebus moloch

This sheet covers all species in the Callicebus moloch, Callicebus cupreus and Callicebus donacophilus groups

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Callicebus, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Anzenberger G, Mendoza SP, Mason WA. 1986. Comparative studies of social behavior in Callicebus and Saimiri: behavioral and physiological responses of established pairs to unfamiliar pairs. Am J Primatol 11(1):37-51.

Aquino R, Encarnación F. 1994. Primates of Peru. Prim Rep 40:1-41.

Bicca-Marques JC, Garber PA, Azevedo-Lopes MAO. 2002. Evidence of three resident adult male group members in a species of monogamous primate, the red titi monkey (Callicebus cupreus). Mammalia 66(1):138-42.

Bossuyt F. 2002. Natal dispersal of titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch) at Cocha Cashu, Manu national park, Peru [abstract]. Am J Phys Anth (Suppl. 34):47.

Branch LC. 1983. Seasonal and habitat differences in the abundance of primates in the Amazon (Tapajos) national park, Brazil. Primates 24(3):424-31.

Carrillo-Bilbao G, DiFiore A, Fernández-Duque E. 2005. Dieta, forrageo y presupuesto de tiempo en cotoncillos (Callicebus discolor) del Parque Nacional Yasuní en la Amazonia ecuatoriana. Neotrop Prim 13(2):7-11.

Cisneros-Heredia DF, Leon-Reyes A, Seger S. 2007. Boa constrictor predation on a titi monkey, Callicebus discolor. Neotrop Prim 13(3):11-2.

Crandlemire-Sacco J. 1988. An ecological comparison of two sympatric primates: Saguinus fuscicollis and Callicebus moloch of Amazonian Peru. Primates 29(4):465-75.

Cubicciotti DD, Mason WA. 1978. Comparative studies of social behavior in Callicebus and Saimiri: heterosexual jealousy behavior. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 3:311-22.

Defler TR, Rodríguez-M JV, Hernández-Camacho JI. 2003. Conservation priorities for Colombian primates. Prim Conserv 19:10-8.

DeLuycker AM. 2006. Preliminary report and conservation status of the Río Mayo titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe Thomas, 1924, in the Alto Mayo valley, northeastern Peru. Prim Conserv 21:33-9.

Emmons LH. 1987. Comparative feeding ecology of felids in a neotropical rainforest. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 20:271-83.

Felton A, Felton AM, Wallace RB, Gómez H. 2006. Identification, behavioral observations, and notes on the distribution of the titi monkeys Callicebus modestus Lönnberg, 1939 and Callicebus olallae, Lönnberg 1939. Prim Conserv 20:41-6.

Fernandez-Duque E, Mason WA, Mendoza SP. 1997. Effects of duration of separation on responses to mates and strangers in the monogamous titi monkey (Callicebus moloch). Am J Primatol 43(3):225-37.

Fernandez-Duque E, Valeggia CR, Mason WA. 2000. Effects of pair-bond and social context on male-female interactions in captive titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch, Primates:Cebidae) Ethology 106(12):1067-82.

Ferrari SF, Iwanaga S, Messias MR, Ramos EM, Ramos PCS, da Cruz Neto EH, Coutinho PEG. 2000. Titi monkeys (Callicebus spp., Atelidae: Platyrrhini) in the Brazilian state of Rondônia. Primates 41(2):229-34.

Fragaszy DM. 1978. Contrasts in feeding behaviour in squirrel and titi monkeys. In: Chivers DJ, Herbert J, editors. Recent advances in primatology, vol 1: behaviour. London:Acad Pr. p363-7.

Fragaszy DM, Schwarz S, Shimosaka D. 1982. Longitudinal observations of care and development of infant titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch). Am J Primatol 2:191-200.

Fragaszy DM. 1979. Titi and squirrel monkeys in a novel environment. In: Erwin J, Maple TL, Mitchell G, editors. Captivity and behavior: Primates in breeding colonies, laboratories, and zoos. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. p172-216.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hernández-Camacho Jorge, Cooper RW. 1976. The nonhuman primates of Colombia. In: Thorington Jr., RW, Heltne PG, editors. Neotropical primates: field studies and conservation. Washington, D.C.:Nat Acad Sci. p35-69.

Hershkovitz P. 1988. Origin, speciation, and distribution of South American titi monkeys, genus Callicebus (family Cebidae, Platyrrhini). Proc Acad Natl Sci Phila 140(1):240-72.

Hershkovitz P. 1990. Titis, new world monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana Zool 55:1-109.

Hoffman KA, Mendoza SP, Hennessy MB, Mason WA. 1995. Responses of infant titi monkeys Callicebus moloch, to removal of one or both parents: evidence for paternal attachment. Develop Psychobiol 28(7):399-407.

Izawa K, Yoneda M. 1981. Habitat utilization of nonhuman primates in a forest of the western pando, Bolivia. Kyoto Univ Over Res Rep New World Monk 2:13-22.

Jantschke B, Welker C, Klaiber-Schuh A. 1995. Notes on breeding of the titi monkey Callicebus cupreus. Folia Primatol 65(4):210-3.

Kinzey WG. 1997. Synopsis of the new world primates: Callicebus. In: Kinzey WG, editor. New world primates: ecology, evolution, and behavior. New York: Aldine De Gruyter. p213-21.

Kinzey WG. 1978. Feeding behaviour and molar features in two species of titi monkey. In: Chivers DJ, Herbert J, editors. Recent advances in primatology, vol 1: behaviour. London:Acad Pr. p373-85.

Kinzey WG. 1981. The titi monkeys, genus Callicebus: I. description of the species. In: Coimbra-Filho AF, Mittermeier RA, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, vol 1. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências. p241-76.

Knogge C, Keymann EW. 1995. Field observation of twinning in the dusky titi monkey, Callicebus cupreus. Folia Primatol 65(2):118-20.

Kobayashi S. 1995. A phylogenetic study of titi monkeys, genus Callicebus, based on cranial measurements: I. phyletic groups of Callicebus. Primates 36(1):101-20.

Kohlhaas AK. 1988. Primate populations in northern Bolivia. Prim Conserv 9:93-7.

Lawler RR, Ford SM, Wright PC, Easley SP. 2006. The locomotor behavior of Callicebus brunneus and Callicebus torquatus. Folia Primatol 77(3):228-39.

Lawrence JM. 2007. Understanding the pair bond in brown titi monkeys (Callicebus brunneus): male and female reproductive interests. PhD dissertation, Columbia U. 157p.

Mark MM. 2003. Some observations on Callicebus oenanthe in the upper Río Mayo valley, Peru. Neotrop Prim 11(3):183-7.

Marsh LK. 2004. Primate species at the Tiputini biodiversity station, Ecuador. Neotrop Prim 12(2):75-8.

Mason WA, Mendoza SP. 1993. Contrasting life modes in cebidae: titi monkeys (Callicebus) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri). AAZPA Reg Conf Proceed (1993):715-22.

Mason WA. 1966. Social organization of the South American monkey, Callicebus moloch: a preliminary report. Tulane Stud Zool 13:23-8

Mason WA. 1968. Use of space by Callicebus. In: Jay PC, editor. Primates: studies in adaptation and variability. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p200-16.

Mayeaux DJ, Mason WA, Mendoza SP. 2002. Developmental changes in responsiveness to parents and unfamiliar adults in a monogamous monkey (Callicebus moloch). Am J Primatol 58(2):71-89.

Mendoza SP, Mason WA. 1986a. Contrasting responses to intruders and to involuntary separation by monogamous and polygynous new world monkeys. Physiol Behav 38(6):795-801.

Mendoza SP, Reeder DM, Mason WA. 2002. Nature of proximate mechanisms underlying primate social systems: simplicity and redundancy. Evol Anth 11(suppl 1):112-6.

Mendoza SP, Mason WA. 1986b. Parenting within a monogamous society. In: Else JG, Lee PC, editors. primate ontogeny, cognition and social behaviour. New York: Cambridge U Pr. p255-66.

Meritt Jr. DA. 1980. Captive reproduction and husbandry of the douroucouli Aotus trivirgatus and the titi monkey Callicebus spp. Intl Zoo Ybk 20:52-9.

Moynihan M. 1966. Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. J Zool 150:77-127.

Moynihan M. 1976. The new world primates. Princeton: Princeton Univ Pr. 262 p.

Müller AE. 1995. Duetting in the titi monkey Callicebus cupreus. Neotrop Prim 3(1):18-9.

Müller AE, Anzenberger G. 2002. Duetting in the titi monkey Callicebus cupreus: structure, pair specificity and development of duets. Folia Primatol 73(2-3):104-15.

Nepstad D, Carvalho G, Barros AC, Alencar A, Capobianco JP, Bishop J, Moutinho P, Lefebvre P, Silva Jr. UL, Prins E. 2001. Road paving, fire regime feedbacks, and the future of Amazon forests. For Ecol Manag 154:395-407.

Polanco-Ochoa R, Cadena A. 1993. Use of space by Callicebus cupreus ornatus (Primates: cebidae) in Macarena, Colombia. Field Studies of New World Monkeys, La Macarena, Colombia 8:19-31.

Rengifo Ruiz G. 1994. Bases para la gestión de los recursos naturals y elaboración de un plan de ordenamiento territorial del departamento de San Martín. Ministerio de agricultura, departamento de San Martín, Moyobamba, Perú.

Robinson JG. 1979b. An analysis of the organization of vocal communication in the titi monkey Callicebus moloch. Z Tierpsychol 49:381-405.

Robinson JG. 1977. Vocal regulation of spacing in the titi monkey (Callicebus moloch). PhD dissertation, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. 187p.

Robinson JG. 1979a. Vocal regulation of use of space by groups of titi monkeys Callicebus moloch. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 5:1-15.

van Roosmalen MGM, van Roosmalen T, Mittermeier RA. 2002. A taxonomic review of the titi monkeys, genus Callicebus Thomas, 1903, with the description of two new species, Callicebus bernhardi and Callicebus stephennashi, from Brazilian Amazonia. Neotrop Prim 10(supplement):1-52.

Rowe N, Martinez W. 2003. Callicebus sightings in Bolivia, Peru and Ecador. Neotrop Prim 11(1):32-5.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. p89-90.

Ruíz WIT, Diaz DMV, Amasifuén CF, Heymann EW. 2002. Diurnal birth of a wild red titi monkey, Callicebus cupreus, at the Estación Biológica Quebrada Blanco. Neotrop Prim 12(1):15-6.

Sampaio DT, Ferrari SF. 2005. Predation of an infant titi monkey (Callicebus moloch) by a tufted capuchin (Cebus apella). Folia Primatol 76(2):113-5.

Stallings JR. 1985. Distribution and status of primates in Paraguay. Prim Conserv 6:51-8.

Terborgh J. 1985. The ecology of Amazonian primates. In:Prance GT, Lovejoy TE, editors. Key environments: Amazonia. Oxford:Pergamon Pr. p284-304.

Tirado Herrera ER, Heymann EW. 2004. Does mom need more protein? Preliminary observations on differences in diet composition in a pair of red titi monkeys (Callicebus cupreus). Folia Primatol 75(3):150-3.

Valeggia CR, Mendoza SP, Fernandez-Duque, Mason WA, Lasley B. 1999. Reproductive biology of female titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch) in captivity. Am J Primatol 47(3):183-95.

Visalberghi E, Mason WA. 1983. Determinants of problem-solving success in Saimiri and Callicebus. Primates 24(3):385-96.

Wallace RB, Gómez H, Felton A, Felton AM. 2006. On a new species of titi monkey, genus Callicebus Thomas (Primates, Pitheciidae), from western Bolivia with preliminary notes on distribution and abundance. Prim Conserv 20:29-39.

Warner MD. 2002. Assessing habitat utilization by neotropical primates: a new approach. Primates 43(1):59-71. Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbartsche. 214p.

Welker C, Jantschke B, Klaiber-Schuh A. 1998a. Behavioural data on the titi monkey Callicebus cupreus and the owl monkey Aotus azarae boliviensis. A contribution to the discussion on the correct systematic classification of these species. Part I: introduction and behavioural differences. Prim Rep 51:3-18.

Welker C, Jantschke B, Klaiber-Schuh A. 1998b. Behavioural data on the titi monkey Callicebus cupreus and the owl monkey Aotus azarae boliviensis. A contribution to the discussion on the correct systematic classification of these species. Part III: living in family groups. Prim Rep 51:29-42.

Wright PC. 1985. The costs and benefits of nocturnality for Aotus trivirgatus (the night monkey). PhD dissertation, City University of New York. 315p.

Wright PC. 1984b. Biparental care in Aotus trivirgatus and Callicebus moloch. In: Small MF, editor. Female primates: studies by women primatologists. New York: Alan R. Liss. p59-75.

Wright PC. 1984a. Ecological correlates of monogamy in Aotus and Callicebus. In: Else JG, Lee PC, editors. Primate ecology and conservation. Cambridge:Cambridge U Pr. p159-67.

Wright PC. 1996. The neotropical primate adaption to nocturnality: feeding in the night (Aotus nigriceps and A. azarae). In:Norconk MA, Rosenberer AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York:Plenum Pr. p369-82.

Wright PC. 1989. The nocturnal primate niche in the new world. J Hum Evol 18(7):635-58.

Youlatos D. 1999. Comparative locomotion of six sympatric primates in Ecuador. Annal Sci Nat 20(4):161-8.

Content last modified: December 19, 2007