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Douc langur
Pygathrix

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Pygathrix, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Brandon-Jones D, Eudey AA, Geissmann T, Groves CP, Melnick DJ, Morales JC, Shekelle M, Stewart C-B. Asian primate classification. Int J Primatol 25(1):97-164.

Brockman DK, Lippold LK. 1975. Gestation and birth of a douc langur Pygathrix n. nemaeus at San Diego Zoo. Int Zoo Ybk 15:126-9.

Byron CD, Covert HH. 2004. Unexpected locomotor behaviour: brachiation by an old world monkey (Pygathrix nemaeus) from Vietnam. J Zool Lond 263(1):101-6.

Davidson P, Robichaud WG, Tizard RJ, Vongkhamheng C, Wolstoncroft J. 1997. A wildlife and habitat survey of Dong Ampham NBCA and Phou Kathong proposed NBCA, Attapu Province, Lao PDR. Vientiane (LA):CPAWM/WCS.

Eames JC, Robson CR. 1993. Threatened primates in southern Vietnam. Oryx 27(3):146-54.

Groves C. 2005. Order primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p111-84.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Ha TL. 2007. Distribution, population and conservation status of the grey-shanked douc (Pygathrix cinerea) in Gia Lai Province, central highlands of Vietnam. Vietnam J Primatol 1(1):55-60.

Ha TL. 2004. Distribution and status of the grey-shanked douc langur (Pygathrix cinerea) in Vietnam. In: Nadler T, Streicher U, Ha TL, editors. Conservation of primates in Vietnam. Hanoi (VN): Frankfurt Zoological Society/Endangered Primate Rescue Center. p52-7.

Heistermann M, Ademmer C, Kaumanns W. 2004. Ovarian cycle and effect of social changes on adrenal and ovarian function in Pygathrix nemaeus. Int J Primatol 25(3):689-708.

Hick U. 1972. Breeding and maintenance of douc langurs Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus at Cologne Zoo. Int Zoo Ybk 12:98-103.

Hoang MD, Baxter GS, Page MJ. 2009. Diet of Pygathrix nigripes in southern Vietnam. Int J Primatol 30(1):15-28.

Kirkpatrick RC. 1998. Ecology and behavior in snub-nosed and douc langurs. In: Jablonski NG, editor. The natural history of the doucs and snub-nosed monkeys. Singapore: World Scientific. p155-90.

Lippold LK. 1995. Distribution and conservation status of douc langurs in Vietnam. Asian Prim 4(4):4-6.

Lippold LK. 1999. Doing fieldwork among the doucs in Vietnam. In: Dolhinow P, Fuentes A, editors. The nonhuman primates. Mountain View (CA):Mayfield Pub Co. p170-4.

Lippold LK. 1977. The douc langur: a time for conservation. In: Rainier III (Grimaldi) Prince of Monaco, Bourne GH, editors. Primate conservation. New York: Academic Pr. p513-38.

Lippold LK, Vu NT. 1995. Douc langur variety in the central highlands of Vietnam. Asian Prim 5(1-2):6-8.

Lippold LK, Vu NT. 2002. The gray-shanked douc: survey results from Tien Phuoc, Quang Nam, Viet Nam. Asian Prim 8(1-2):3-6.

Lippold LK. 1981. Monitoring female reproductive status in the douc langur Pygathrix nemaeus at San Diego Zoo. Int Zoo Ybk 21:184-7.

Lippold LK. 1998. Natural history of douc langurs. In: Jablonski NG, editor. The natural history of the doucs and snub-nosed monkeys. Singapore: World Scientific. p191-206.

Lippold LK. 1998. Primate conservation in Vietnam. In: Jablonski NG, editor. The natural history of the doucs and snub-nosed monkeys. Singapore: World Scientific. p293-300.

Lippold LK, Brockman DK. 1974. San Diego's douc langurs. Zoonooz 47(3):4-11.

Lippold LK, Vu NT. 2008. The time is now: survival of the douc langurs of Son Tra, Vietnam. Prim Conserv 23:75-9.

Minh DH. 2008. Social organization of the black-shanked douc (Pygathrix nigripes) in two national parks in southern Vietnam [abstract]. Primate Eye 96(special issue):#849.

Mittermeier RA, Ratsimbazafy J, Rylands AB, Williamson L, Oates JF, Mbora D, Ganzhorn JU, Rodríguez-Luna E, Palacios E, Heymann EW, Kierulff MCM, Yongcheng L, Supriatna J, Roos C, Walker S, Aguiar JM. 2007. Primates in peril: the world's 25 most endangered primates, 2006-2008. Prim Conserv 22:1-40.

Nadler T. 2008. Color variation in black-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nigripes), and some behavioural observations. Vietnam J Primatol 1(2):71-6.

Nadler T, Vu NT, Streicher U. 2007. Conservation status of Vietnamese primates. Vietnam J Primatol 1(1):7-26.

Nadler T. 1997. A new subspecies of douc langur, Pygathrix nemaeus cinereus ssp. nov. Zool Garten 67(4):165-76.

Nadler T, Momberg F, Dang NX, Lormee N. 2003. Vietnam primate conservation status review 2002, part 2: leaf monkeys. Hanoi (VN):Fauna & Flora International Asia Pacific Programme Office. 226p.

Pham N. 1993a. First results on the diet of the red-shanked douc langur, Pygathrix memaeus[sic]. Aust Primatol 8(1):5-6.

Pham N. 1993b. Gop phan nghien cuu thu linh truong va dac diem hinh thai, sihn hoc, sihn thai khi vang (Macaca mulatta Zim.), khi coc (Macaca arctoides Geof.), cha va (Pygathrix nemaeus Lin.) va vooc mui hech (Rhinopithecus avunculus Dol.) o Viet Nam. PhD dissertation, Trung tam khoa hoc tu nhien va cong nghe quoc gia vien sinh thai va tai nguyen sinh vat, Hanoi.

Pham N, Do QH, Pham HN. 2000. Report on research result on distribution, ecology and monitoring survey of the red-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nemaeus naemaeus) in Phong Nha-Ke Bang Forest Area. Hanoi(VN):WWF-Indochina Programme.

Polet G, Murphy DJ, Becker I, Phan DT. 2004. Notes on the primates of Cat Tien National Park. In: Nadler T, Streicher U, Ha TL, editors. Conservation of primates in Vietnam. Hanoi (VN): Frankfurt Zoological Society/Endangered Primate Rescue Center. p78-84.

Rawson BM. 2006. Activity budgets in black-shanked douc langurs (Pygathrix nigripes)[abstract]. Int J Primatol 27(suppl 1):#307.

Ruempler U. 1998. Husbandry and breeding of douc langurs Pygathrix nemaeus nemaeus at Cologne Zoo. Int Zoo Yb 36:73-81.

Schwitzer C, Klumpe K, Kaumans. 2002. Energy and nutrient intake, feeding behaviour and activity budget of captive douc langurs (Pygathrix n. nemaeus). In: Fidgett A, Clauss A, Eulenberger K, Hatt JM, Hume J, Janssens G, Nijboer J, editors. Zoo Animal Nutrition, vol III. Fuerth(DE):Filander Verlag. p109-24.

Smith RJ, Jungers WL. 1997. Body mass in comparative primatology. J Hum Evol 32(6):523-59.

Smith RJ, Leigh SR. 1998. Sexual dimorphism in primate neonatal body mass. J Hum Evol 34(2):173-201.

Stevens NJ, Wright KA, Covert HH, Nadler T. 2008. Tail postures of four quadrupedal leaf monkeys (Pygathrix nemaeus, P. cinerea, Trachypithecus delacouri and T. hatinhensis) at the endangered primate rescue center, Cuc Phuong National Park, Vietnam. Vietnam J Primatol 1(2):13-24.

Timmins RJ, Duckworth JW. 1999. Status and conservation of douc langurs (Pygathrix nemaeus) in Laos. Int J Primatol 20(4):469-89.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214 p.

Content last modified: September 3, 2009