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Crested black macaque
Macaca nigra

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Macaca nigra, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Anonymous. 1997. Fires of 1997. Sulawesi Prim News 4(2): 1-3.

Bernstein IS, Baker SC. 1988. Activity patterns in a captive group of Celebes black apes (Macaca nigra). Folia Primatol 51(2-3): 61-75.

Bynum EL. 1999. Biogeography and evolution of Sulawesi macaques. Trop Biodiv 6(1& 2): 19-36.

Bynum EL, Kohlhaas AK, Hadi Pramono A. 1999. Conservation status of Sulawesi macaques. Trop Biodiv 6(1& 2): 123-44.

Clayton L, Milner-Gulland EJ. 2000. The trade in wildlife in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. In: Robinson JG, Bennett EL, editors. Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York: Columbia Univ Pr. p 473-96.

Feistner ATC. 2000. Wild population and current field research: conservation of Sulawesi crested black macaques Macaca nigra in Indonesia. In: Norcup SJ, compiler. Sulawesi crested black macaque Macaca nigra EEP Studbook No. 3. Jersey, Channel Islands (UK): Durrell Wildl Cons Trust. p 14-8.

Fujita K, Watanabe K. 1997. Discrimination of macaques by macaques: the case of Sulawesi species. Primates 38(3): 233-45.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hadidian J. 1980. Yawning in an old world monkey, Macaca nigra (Primates: Cercopithecidae). Behaviour 75: 133-47.

Kinnaird MF, O'Brien TG. 1996. Ecotourism in the Tangkoko DuaSudara Nature Reserve: opening Pandora's box? Oryx 30(1): 65-73.

Kinnaird MF, O'Brien TG. 1999. A contextual analysis of the loud call of the Sulawesi crested black macaque, Macaca nigra. Tropic Biodiv 6(1& 2): 37-42.

Kinnaird MF, O'Brien TG. 2000. Comparative movement patterns of two semi-terrestrial cercopithecine primates: the Tana River crested mangabey and the Sulawesi crested black macaque. In: Boinski S, Garber PA, editors. On the move: how and why animals travel in groups. Chicago (IL): Univ Chicago Pr. p 327- 50.

Lee RJ. 1995. Population survey of the crested black macaque (Macaca nigra) at Manembonembo Nature Reserve in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Prim Cons 16: 63-5.

Maestripieri D. 2004. Maternal behavior, infant handling, and socialization. In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns W, editors. Macaque societies: a model for the study of social organization. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 231-4.

O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. 1996. Changing populations of birds and mammals in North Sulawesi. Oryx 30(2): 150-6.

O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. 1997. Behavior, diet, and movements of the Sulawesi crested black macaque (Macaca nigra). Int J Primatol 18(3): 321-51.

Reed C, O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. 1997. Male social behavior and dominance hierarchy in the Sulawesi crested black macaque (Macaca nigra). Int J Primatol 18(2): 247-60.

Rosenbaum B, O'Brien TG, Kinnaird M, Supriatna J. 1998b. Population densities of Sulawesi crested black macaques (Macaca nigra) on Bacan and Sulawesi, Indonesia: effects of habitat disturbance and hunting. Am J Primatol 44(2): 89-106.

Rosenbaum BR, Southwick CH, Supriatna J, Muskita Y, Yanuar A, Sinaga RM, Sapulette R. 1998a. A survey of population and habitat of the Sulawesi crested-black macaque (Macaca nigra) on Bacan Island, Maluku, Indonesia. Tropic Biodiv 5(2): 139-54.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263 p.

Siegert F, Ruecker G, Hinrichs A, Hoffmann AA. 2001. Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño. Nature 414(6862): 437-40.

Singh M, Sinha A. 2004. Life history traits: ecological adaptations or phylogenetic relics? In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns W, editors. Macaque societies: a model for the study of social organization. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 80-3.

Soltis J. 2004. Mating systems. In: Thierry B, Singh M, Kaumanns W, editors. Macaque societies: a model for the study of social organization. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge Univ Pr. p 135-54.

Thierry B, Bynum EL, Baker S, Kinnaird FM, Matsumura S, Muroyama Y, O'Brien TG, Petit O, Watanabe K. 2000. The social repertoire of Sulawesi macaques. Prim Res 16: 203-26.

Thomson JA, Hess DL, Dahl KD, Iliff-Sizemore SA, Stouffer RL, Wolf DP. 1992. The Sulawesi crested black macaque (Macaca nigra) menstrual cycle: changes in perineal tumescence and serum estradiol, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone levels. Biol Reprod 46: 879-84.

Watanabe K, Matsumura S. 1991. The borderlands and possible hybrids between three species of macaques, M. nigra, M. nigrescens, and M. hecki, in the northern peninsula of Sulawesi. Primates 32(3): 365-9.

Content last modified: February 2, 2006