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Cotton-top tamarin
Saguinus oedipus

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Saguinus oedipus, search PrimateLit.


Achenbach GG, Snowdon CT. 2002. Costs of caregiving: weight loss in captive adult male cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) following the birth of infants. Int J Primatol 23(1): 179-89.

Alderman CL. 1989. A general introduction to primate conservation in Colombia. Prim Cons 10: 44-51.

Bardi M, Petto AJ, Lee-Parritz DE. 2001. Parental failure in captive cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Am J Primatol 54(3): 159-69.

S. oedipus

Clapp NK, Henke MA, Hansard RM, Carson RL, Adams LJ, Nardi RV. 1993. Natural history, time course, and pathogenesis of idiopathic colitis in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). In: Clapp NK, editor. A primate model for the study of colitis and colonic carcinoma: the cotton-top tamarin Saguinus oedipus. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Pr. p 83-99.

Coxe S, Rosen N, Miller P, Seal U, editors. Bonobo conservation assessment workshop final report; 1999 Nov 21-22; Inuyama, Japan. Apple Valley (MN): IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group. 51 p.

Defler TR. 2004. Primates of Columbia. 5, Conservation International tropical field guide series. Bogotá (Columbia): Conservation International. 550 p.

Defler TR, Rodriguez-M JV, Hernández-Camacho JI. 2003. Conservation priorities for Colombian primates. Prim Cons. 19: 10-18.

Garber PA. 1993. Feeding ecology and behaviour of the genus Saguinus. In: Rylands AB, editor. Marmosets and tamarins: systematics, behaviour, and ecology. Oxford (England): Oxford Univ Press.

Garber PA. 1997. One for all and breeding for one: cooperation and competition as a tamarin reproductive strategy. Evol Anthro 5(6): 187-99.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Heistermann M, Kleis E, Pröve E, Wolters HJ. 1989. Fertility status, dominance, and scent marking behavior of family-housed cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) in absence of their mothers. Am J Primatol 18(3): 177-89.

Hernández-Camacho J, Cooper RW. 1976. The nonhuman primates of Colombia. In: Thorington, Jr. JR, Heltne PG, editors. Neotropical primates: field studies and conservation. Washington DC: National Acad Sciences. p 35-69.

King NW, Johnson LD, Sehgal PK. 1993. The prevalence of idiopathic colitis in the New England Regional Primate Research Center cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) colony. In: Clapp NK, editor. A primate model for the study of colitis and colonic carcinoma: the cotton-top tamarin Saguinus oedipus. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Pr. p 101-12.

Kinzey WG. 1997. Synopsis of New World primates (16 genera). In: Kinzey WG, editor. New world primates: ecology, evolution, and behavior. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. p 169-324.

Marsh LK. 2003. Primates in fragments: ecology and conservation. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. Section I: genetics and population dynamics. p 11-16.

Marsh CW, Johns AD, Ayres JM. 1987. Effects of habitat disturbance on rain forest primates. In: Marsh CW, Mittermeier RA, editors. Primate conservation in the tropical rainforest. New York: Alan R. Liss. p 83-107.

Mast RB, Rodriguez JV, Mittermeier RA. 1993. The Colombian cotton-top tamarin in the wild. In: Clapp NK, editor. A primate model for the study of colitis and colonic carcinoma: the cotton-top tamarin Saguinus oedipus. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Pr. p 4- 43.

McGrew WC, Webster J. 1995. Birth seasonality in cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) despite constant food supply and body weight. Primates 36(2): 241-8.

Mittermeier RA, Kinzey WG, Mast RB. 1989. Neotropical primate conservation. J Hum Evol 18(7): 597-610.

Mittermeier RA, Myers N, Mittermeier CG. 1999. Hotspots: Earth's biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX. 430 p.

Neyman PF. 1977. Aspects of the ecology and social organization of free-ranging cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) and the conservation status of the species. In: Kleiman DG, editor. The biology and conservation of the Callitrichidae; 1975 Aug 18-20; Washington DC. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. p 39-71.

Price EC. 1990. Parturition and perinatal behaviour in captive cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Primates 31(4): 523-35.

Price EC. 1992. The costs of infant carrying in captive cotton-top tamarins. Am J Primatol 26(1): 23-33.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263 p.

Savage A. 1990. The reproductive biology of the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) in Colombia. Ph.D dissertation, University of Wisconsin. 166 p.

Savage A. 1997. Proyecto Titi: conservation of the cotton-top tamarin in Colombia. The Conservationist Newsletter 2(1): 10-13.

Savage A, Giraldo LH, Soto LH, Snowdon CT. 1996a. Demography, group composition, and dispersal in wild cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) groups. Am J Primatol 38(1): 85-100.

Savage A, Soto LH, Giraldo LH. 1996/1997. Proyecto Titi: developing alternatives to forest destruction. Primate Cons 17: 127-30.

Savage A, Giraldo H, Soto L. 1997a. Developing a conservation action program for the cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus). In: Wallis J, editor. Primate conservation: the role of zoological parks. Special topics in primatology, Volume 1. United States: Am Soc Primatol. p 97- 111.

Savage A, Shideler SE, Soto LH, Causado J, Giraldo LH, Lasley BL, Snowdon CT. 1997b. Reproductive events of wild cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) in Columbia. Am J Primatol 43(4): 329-37.

Savage A, Snowdon CT, Giraldo LH. 1989. Proyecto Titi: a hands on approach to conservation education in Colombia. AAZPA: 1989 Annual Conference Proceedings; 1989 Sept 24-28; Pittsburgh. American Assoc Zoological Parks Aquariums. P 605-6.

Savage A, Snowdon CT, Giraldo LH, Soto LH. 1996b. Parental care patterns and vigilance in wild cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York: Plenum Pr. p 187-99.

Savage A, Ziegler TE, Snowdon CT. 1988. Sociosexual development, pair bond formation, and mechanisms of fertility suppression in female cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus). Am J Primatol 14 (4):345-59.

Savage A, Zirofsky DS, Soto LH, Giraldo LH, Causado J. 1997c. Proyecto Tití: an integrated approach to conserving the cotton-top tamarin. Int Zoo News 43(8): 544-52.

Snowdon CT, Soini P. 1988. The tamarins, genus Saguinus. In: Mittermeier RA, Coimbra-Filho AF, da Fonseca GAB, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, Volume 2. Washington DC: World Wildlife Fund. p 223-98.

Sussman RW. 2000. Primate ecology and social structure. Volume 2, New world monkeys. Needham Heights (MA): Pearson Custom. 207 p.

Tardif SD. 1984. Social influences on sexual maturation of female Saguinus oedipus oedipus. Am J Primatol 6(3): 199-209.

Washabaugh K, Snowdon CT. 1998. Chemical communication of reproductive status in female cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus). Am J Primatol 45(4): 337-49.

Ziegler TE, Epple G, Snowdon CT, Porter TA, Belcher AM, Küderling I. 1993. Detection of the chemical signals of ovulation in the cotton-top tamarin, Saguinus oedipus. Anim Beh 45(2): 313-22.

Ziegler TE, Savage A, Scheffler G, Snowdon CT. 1987. The endocrinology of puberty and reproductive functioning in female cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) under varying social conditions. Biol Reprod 37(3): 618-27.

Content last modified: May 18, 2005