Primate Info Net Banner Wisconsin PRC Logo

Bonobo
Pan paniscus

Other versions available: [Français]

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Pan paniscus, search PrimateLit.

REFERENCES

Badrian A & Badrian N. 1984. Social organization of Pan paniscus in the Lomako forest, Zaire. In: Susman RL, editor. The pygmy chimpanzee: evolutionary biology and behavior. New York: Plenum Pr; p. 325-46.

Bermejo J, Illera G, Sabater Pi JS. 1994. Animals and mushrooms consumed by bonobos (Pan paniscus). Int J Prim 15(6): 879-98.

Pan paniscus

Blount BG. 1990. Issues in bonobo (Pan paniscus) sexual behavior. Am Anthro 92(3): 702-14.

Coxe S, Rosen N, Miller P, Seal U, editors. Bonobo conservation assessment workship final report; 1999 Nov 21-22; Inuyama, Japan. Apple Valley (MN): IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group. 51 p.

Dupain J, van Elsacker L. 2001. Status of the proposed Lomako Forest Bonobo Reserve: a case study of the bushmeat trade. In: Galdikas BMF, Erickson Briggs N, Sheeran LK, Shapiro GL, Goodall J, editors. All apes great and small. Volume 1, African apes. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum. p 259-273.

Dupain J, Van Elsacker L, Nell C, Garcia P, Ponce F, Huffman MA. 2002. New evidence for leaf swallowing and Oesophagostomom infection in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Int J Prim 23(5): 1053-62.

Dupain J, Van Krunkelsven E, Van Elsacker L, Verheyen, RF. 2000. Current status of the bonobo (Pan paniscus) in the proposed Lomako Reserve (Democratic Republic of Congo). Bio Cons 94(2000): 265-72.

Furuichi T. 1989. Social interactions and the life history of female Pan paniscus in Wamba, Zaire. Int J Prim 10(3): 855-75.

Furuichi T, Idani G, Ihobe H, Kuroda S, Kitamura K, Mori A, Enomoto T, Okayasu N, Hashimoto C, Kano T. 1998. Population dynamics of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba. Int J Prim 19(6): 1029-43.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hohmann G, Gerloff U, Tautz D, Fruth B. 1999. Social bonds and genetic ties: kinship, association, and affiliation in a community of bonobos (Pan paniscus). Behaviour 136: 1219-35.

Kano T. 1992. The last ape: pygmy chimpanzee behavior and ecology. Stanford (CA): Stanford Univ Pr. 248 p.

Kano T. 1996. Male rank order and copulation rate in a unit-group of bonobos at Wamba, Zaire. In: McGrew WC, Marchant LF, Nishida T, editors. Great ape societies. Cambridge (England): Cambridge Univ Pr; p 135-45.

Kortlandt A. 1995. A survey of the geographical range, habitats and conservation of the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus): an ecological perspective. Prim Cons 16: 21-36.

Kuroda S. 1989. Developmental retardation and behavioral characteristics of pygmy chimpanzees. In: Heltne PG, Marquardt LA, editors. Understanding chimpanzees. Cambridge (MS): Harvard Univ Pr; p 184-93.

Malenky RK, Thompson-Handler N, Susman RL. 1989. Conservation status of Pan paniscus. In: Heltne PG, Marquardt LA, editors. Understanding chimpanzees. Cambridge (MS): Harvard Univ Pr; p 362-70.

Oates JF, compiler. 1995. Status survey and conservation action plan: African primates (Revised edition). Gland (Switzerland): IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group. 80 p.

Reichert KE, Heistermann J, Hodges K, Boesch C, Hohmann G. 2002. What females tell males about their reproductive status: are morphological and behavioral cues reliable signals of ovulation in bonobos (Pan paniscus)?. Ethology 108: 583-600.

Reinartz G & Bila Isia I. 2001. Bonobo survival and a wartime conservation mandate. In: The apes: challenges for the 21st century. Conference proceedings; 2000 May 10-13; Brookfield, IL. Chicago: Chicago Zoo Soc; p 52-6.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263 p.

Rowe R, Sharma N, Browder J. 1992. Deforestation: problems, causes and concerns. In: Sharma NP, editor. Managing the world's forests: looking for balance between conservation and development. Dubuqe (IA): Kendall/Hunt. P 33-45.

Savage-Rumbaugh S, Lewin R. 1994. Kanzi: the ape at the brink of the human mind. New York: J Wiley. 299 p.

Thompson-Handler N, Malenky RK, Badrian N. 1984. Sexual behavior of Pan paniscus under natural conditions in the Lomake forest, equateur, Zaire. In: Susman RL, editor. The pygmy chimpanzee: evolutionary biology and behavior. New York: Plenum Pr; p 347-68.

Thompson-Handler N, Malenky RK, Reinartz GE, editors. 1995. Action plan for Pan paniscus: report of free-ranging populations and proposals for their preservation. Milwaukee (WI): Zoo Soc Milwaukee County. 105 p.

Vervaecke H, Van Elsacker L, Mohle M, Heistermann M, Verheyen RF. 1999. Inter-menstrual intervals in captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Primates 40(2): 283-9.

de Waal, FB. 1988. The communicative repertoire of captive bonobos (Pan paniscus) compared to that of chimpanzees. Behaviour 106: 183-251.

de Waal FB. 1997. Bonobo: the forgotten ape. Berkelely (CA): Univ California Pr. 210 p.

de Waal FB. 2001. The ape and the sushi master: cultural reflections by a primtologist. New York: Basic Books. 433 p.

White F. 1988. Party composition and dynamics in Pan paniscus. Int J Prim 9(3): 179-93.

White F. 1996. Comparative socio-ecology of Pan paniscus. In: McGrew WC, Marchant LF, Nishida T, editors. Great ape societies. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Pr; p 29-41.

Whittier CA, Nutter FB, Stoskopf MK. 2001. Zoonotic disease concerns in primate field settings. In: The apes: challenges for the 21st century. Conference proceedings; 2000 May 10-13; Brookfield, IL. Chicago: Chicago Zoo Soc; p 232-37.

Wrangham RW. 2001. Moral decisions about wild chimpanzees. In: Beck BB, Stoinski TS, Hutchins M, Maple TL, Norton B, Rowan A, Stevens EF, Arluke A, editors. Great apes & humans: the ethics of coexistence. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr; p 230-244.

Content last modified: December 1, 2010