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Bearded saki

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for Chiropotes, search PrimateLit.


Ankel-Simons F. 2007. Primate Anatomy: an introduction, 3rd Edition. San Diego: Elsevier Acad Pr. 724 p.

Araya RV, Peetz A. 2000. Huddling behavior in bearded saki monkeys (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes) of Bolivar State, Venezuela [abstract]. Am J Phys Anth (suppl 30):98.

Ayres JM. 1989. Comparative feeding ecology of the uakari and bearded saki, Cacajao and Chiropotes. J Hum Evol 18:697-716.

Ayres JM. 1981. Observações sobre a ecologia e o comportamento dos cuxius (Chiropotes albinasus e Chiropotes satanas, Cebidae: Primates). Belém(BR):Grafisa.

Primates in Art & Illustration Collection

Bobadilla UL, Ferrari SF. 1998. First detailed field data on Chiropotes satanas utahicki Hershkovitz, 1985. Neotrop Prim 6(1):17-8.

Bobadilla UL, Ferrari SF. 2000. Habitat use by Chiropotes satanas utahicki and syntopic Platyrrhines in eastern Amazonia. Am J Primatol 50(3):215-24.

Bonvicino CR, Boubli JP, Otazú IB, Almeida FC, Sascimento FF, Coura JR, Seuánez HN. 2003. Morphologic, Karyotypic, and molecular evidence of a new form of Chiropotes (Primates, Pitheciinae). Am J Primatol 61(3):123-33.

Boubli JP. 2002. Western extension of the range of bearded sakis: a possible new taxon of Chiropotes sympatric with Cacajao in the Pico da Neblina National Park, Brazil. Neotrop Prim 10(1):1-4.

Boyle SA, Smith AT, Spironello W. 2008. Forest fragmentation in central Amazonia and its consequences for the brown bearded saki (Chirapotes satanas chirapotes [sic])[abstract]. Primate Eye 96:693.

Boyle SA, Lourenço WC, da Silva LR, Smith AT. 2009. Travel and spatial patterns change when Chiropotes satanas chiropotes inhabit forest fragments. Int J Primatol Online First.

Branch LC. 1983. Seasonal and habitat differences in the abundance of primates in the Amazon (Tapajos) National Park, Brazil. Primates 24(3):424-31.

Cormier L. 2000. Cultural practices benefiting primate conservation among the Guajá of eastern Amazonia. Neotrop Prim 8(4):144-6.

Fernandes MEB. 1993. Tail-wagging as a tension relief mechanism in Pithecines. Folia Primatol 61(1):52-6.

Ferrari SF, Emidio-Silva C, Lopes MA, Bobadilla UL. 1999. Bearded sakis in south-eastern Amazonia-back from the brink? Oryx 33(4):346-51.

Ferrari SF, Pereira WLA, Santos RR, Veiga LM. 2004. Fatal attack of a Boa constrictor on a bearded saki (Chiropotes satanas utahicki). Folia Primatol 75(2):111-3.

Ferrari SF. 1995. Observations on Chiropotes albinasus from the Rio dos Marmelos, Amazonas, Brazil. Primates 36(2):289-93.

Ferrari SF, Iwanaga S, Coutinho PEG, Messias MR, Cruz Neto EH, Ramos EM, Ramos PCS. 1999. Zoogeography of Chiropotes albinasus (Platyrrhini, Atelidae) in southwestern Amazonia. Int J Primatol 20(6):995-1004.

Fleagle JG, Mittermeier RA. 1980. Locomotor behavior, body size, and comparative ecology of seven Surinam monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 52:301-14.

Fleagle JG, Meldrum DJ. 1988. Locomotor behavior and skeletal morphology of two sympatric Pitheciine monkeys, Pithecia pithecia and Chiropotes satanas. Am J Primatol 16(3):227-49.

Ford SM, Davis LC. 1992. Systematics and body size: implications for feeding adaptations in new world monkeys. Am J Phys Anth 88(4):415-68.

Frazão E. 1991. Insectivory in free-ranging bearded saki (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes). Primates 32(2):243-5.

Groves C. 2005. Order primates. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM, editors. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition, volume 1. Baltimore (MD): Johns Hopkins U Pr. p111-84.

Hershkovitz P. 1985. A preliminary taxonomic review of the South American bearded saki monkeys genus Chiropotes (Cebidae, Platyrrhini), with the description of a new subspecies. Fieldiana Zool 27:1-46.

Hick U. 1968a. The collection of saki monkeys at Cologne Zoo. Int Zoo Ybk 8:192-4.

Hick U. 1968b. Erstmalig gelungene zucht eines bartsakis (vater: rotrückensaki, Chiropotes chiropotes (Humboldt, 1811), Mutter: weissnasensaki, Chiropotes albinasus (Geoffroy et Deville 1848) im Kölner Zoo. Freunde des Kölner Zoo 11(2):35-41.

Johns AD, Ayres JM. 1987. Southern bearded sakis beyond the brink. Oryx 21(3):164-7.

Kinzey WG, Norconk MA. 1993. Physical and chemical properties of fruit and seeds eaten by Pithecia and Chiropotes in Surinam and Venezuela. Int J Primatol 14(2):207-27.

Kinzey WG. 1997. Synopsis of new world primates (16 genera). In: Kinzey WG, editor. New world primates: ecology, evolution, and behavior. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. p169-305.

Kinzey WG, Cunningham EP. 1994. Variability in platyrrhine social organization. Am J Primatol 34(2):185-98.

Lehman SM. 2004. Biogeography of the primates of Guyana: effects of habitat use and diet on geographic distribution. Int J Primatol 25(6):1225-42.

Lehman SM, Sussman RW, Phillips-Conroy J, Prince W. 2006. Ecological biogeography of primates in Guyana. In: Lehman SM, Fleagle JG, editors. Primate Biogeography. New York: Springer. p105-30.

Malacco MAF, Fernandes MEB. 1989. Captive colony of brown bearded sakis in Pará, Brazil. Prim Conserv 10:34-6.

Martins SS, Lima EM, Silva Jr. JS. 2005. Predation of a bearded saki (Chiropotes utahicki) by a harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja). Neotrop Prim 13(1):7-10.

Mittermeier RA, Konstant WR, Ginsberg H, van Roosmalen MGM, da Silva Jr EC. 1983. Further evidence of insect consumption in the bearded saki monkey, Chiropotes satanas chiropotes. Primates 24(4):602-5.

Mittermeier RA, van Roosmalen MGM. 1981. Preliminary observations on habitat utilization and diet in eight Surinam monkeys. Folia Primatol 36:1-39.

Norconk MA, Kinzey WG. 1994. Challenge of neotropical frugivory: travel patterns of spider monkeys and bearded sakis. Am J Primatol 34(2):171-83.

Norconk MA, Raghanti MA, Martin SK, Grafton BW, Gregory LT, De Dijn BPE. 2003. Primates of the Brownsberg Natuurpark, Suriname, with particular attention to the Pitheciins. Neotrop Prim 11(2):94-100.

Norconk MA. 2007. Sakis, uakaris, and titi monkeys: behavioral diversity I a radiation of primate seed predators. In: Campbell CJ, Fuentes A, MacKinnon KC, Panger M, Bearder SK, editors. Primates in perspective. New York: Oxford U Pr. p123-38.

Norconk MA. 1996. Seasonal variation in the diets of white-faced and bearded sakis (Pithecia pithecia and Chiropotes satanas) in Guri Lake, Venezuela. In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York:Plenum Pr. p403-23.

Peetz A. 2001. Ecology and social organization of the bearded saki Chiropotes satanas chiropotes (Primates: Pitheciinae) in Venezuela. Ecol Mono 1:1-170.

Port-Carvalho M, Ferrari SF. 2004. Occurrence and diet of the black bearded saki (Chiropotes satanas satanas) in the fragmented landscape of western Maranhão, Brazil. Neotrop Prim 12(1):17-21.

van Roosmalen MGM, Mittermeier RA, Milton K. 1981. The bearded sakis, genus Chiropotes. In: Coimbra-Filho AF, Mittermeier RA, editors. Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, volume . Rio de Janeiro(BR):Academia Brasileira de Ciências. p419-41.

van Roosmalen MGM, Mittermeier RA, Fleagle JG. 1988. Diet of the northern bearded saki (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes): a neotropical seed predator. Am J Primatol 14(1):11-35.

Silva SSB, Ferrari SF. 2009. Behavior patterns of southern bearded sakis (Chiropotes satanas) in the fragmented landscape of eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Am J Primatol 71(1):1-7.

Sussman RW, Phillips-Conroy JE. 1995. A survey of the distribution and density of the primates of Guyana. Int J Primatol 16(5):761-91.

Trolle M. 2003. Mammal survey in the Rio Jauaperí region, Rio Negro Basin, the Amazon, Brazil. Mammalia 67(1):75-83.

Veiga LM. 2005. Ecology and social organization of the endangered southern bearded saki (Chiropotes satanas): potential for its long-term survival in the context of habitat fragmentation. Prim Eye 85:8-10.

Veiga LM, Ferrari SF. 2007. Geophagy at termitaria by bearded sakis (Chiropotes satanas) in southeastern Brazilian Amazonia. Am J Primatol 69(7):816-20.

Veiga LM, Ferrari SF. 2006. Predation of arthropods by southern bearded sakis (Chiropotes satanas) in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Am J Primatol 68(2):209-15.

Vessey SH, Mortenson BK, Muckenhirn NA. 1976. Size and characteristics of primate groups in Guyana. In: Chivers DJ, Herbert J, editors. Recent advances in primatology, Volume one: behaviour. London:Academic Press p187-8.

Walker SE. 1996. The evolution of positional behavior in the Saki-Uakaris (Pithecia, Chiropotes, and Cacajao). In: Norconk MA, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA, editors. Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. New York:Plenum Pr. p335-67.

Walker SE. 2005. Leaping behavior of Pithecia pithecia and Chiropotes satanas in Eastern Venezuela. Am J Primatol 66(4):369-87.

Wallace RB, Painter RLE, Taber AB, Ayres JM. 1996. Notes on a distributional river boundary and southern range extension for two species of Amazonian primates. Neotrop Prim 4(4):149-51.

Weigl R. 2005. Longevity of mammals in captivity; from the living collections of the world. Stuttgart (DE): E. Schweizerbartsche. 214 p.

Wright BW. 2004. Ecological distinctions in diet, food toughness, and masticatory anatomy in a community of six neotropical primates in Guyana, South America. PhD dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 249p.

Content last modified: June 26, 2009