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Daubentonia madagascariensis

The following references were used in the writing of this factsheet. To find current references for aye-ayes, search PrimateLit.


Ancrenaz M, Lackman-Ancrenaz I, Mundy N. 1994. Field observations of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in Madagascar. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):22-36.

Andriamasimanana M. 1994. Ecoethological study of free-ranging aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in Madagascar. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):37-45.

Barrows EM. 2001. Animal behavior desk reference: a dictionary of animal behavior, ecology, and evolution, second edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 922 p.

Daubentonia madagascariensis
Photo: P. Coffey

Beattie JC, Feistner ATC, Adams NMO, Barker P, Carroll JB. 1992. First captive breeding of the aye-aye Daubentonia madagascariensis. Dodo, J Wildl Preserv Trusts 28:23-30.

Carroll JB, Haring DM. 1994. Maintenance and breeding of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in captivity: a review. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):54-62.

Constable ID, Pollock JI, Ratsirarson J, Simons H. 1985. Sightings of aye-ayes and red ruffed lemurs on Nosy Mangabe and the Masoala peninsula. Prim Conserv (5):59-62.

Curtis DJ, Feistner ATC. 1994. Positional behaviour in captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Folia Primatol 62(1-3):155-9.

Dubois C, Izard MK. 1990. Social and sexual behaviors in captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis). J Psychol Behav Sci 5:1-10.

Erickson CJ. 1995. Perspectives on percussive foraging in the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). In: Alterman L, Doyle GA, Izard MK. Creatures of the dark: the nocturnal prosimians. New York: Plenum Pr. p 251-9.

Erickson CJ. 1994. Tap-scanning and extractive foraging in aye-ayes, Daubentonia madagascariensis. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):125-35.

Feistner A, Sterling E. 1995. Body mass and sexual dimorphism in the aye-aye. Dodo, J Wildl Preserv Trusts 31:73-6.

Feistner ATC, Carroll JB. 1993. Breeding aye-ayes: an aid to preserving biodiversity. Biodivers Conserv 2(3):283-9.

Feistner ATC, Ashbourne CJ. 1994. Infant development in a captive-bred aye-aye (Daubentonia madagasacariensis) over the first year of life. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):74-92.

Ganzhorn J, Rabesoa J. 1986. The aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) found in the eastern rainforest of Madagascar. Folia Primatol 46(3):125-6.

Goodman SM, Ganzhorn JU. Elevational ranges of lemurs in the humid forests of Madagascar. Int J Primatol 25(2):331-50.

Glander K. 1994. Morphometrics and growth in captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Folia Primatol 62(1-3):108-14.

Groves C. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Washington DC: Smithsonian Inst Pr. 350 p.

Hakeem A, Sandoval GR, Jones M, Allman J. 1996. Brain and life span in primates. In: Handbook of the psychology of aging, 4th ed. Birren JE, Schaie KW, editors. San Diego: Academic Pr. p 78-104.

Harcourt C, Thornback J. 1990. Lemurs of Madagascar and the Comoros: The IUCN red data book. Gland, Switzerland:IUCN. 240 p.

Haring DM, Hess WR, Coffman BS, Simons EL, Owens TM. 1994. Natural history and captive management of the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) at the Duke University primate center, Durham. Int Zoo Yb 33:201-19.

Hawkins AFA, Chapman P, Ganzhorn JU, Bloxam QMC, Barlow SC, Tonge SJ. 1990. Vertebrate conservation in Ankarana special reserve, northern Madagascar. Biol Conserv 54(2):83-110.

Iwano T, Iwakawa C. 1988. Feeding behaviour of the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) on nuts of ramy (Canarium madagascariensis). Folia Primatol 50(1-2):136-42.

Iwano T. 1991. The usage of the digits of a captive aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Afr Stud Mono 12(2):87-98.

Jolly A. 1998. Pair-bonding, female aggression and the evolution of lemur societies. Folia Primatol 69(suppl 1):1-13.

Jury MR. 2003. The climate of Madagascar. In: Goodman SM, Benstead JP, editors. The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago: Univ Chicago Pr. p 75-87.

Kappeler PM. 1997. Determinants of primate social organization: comparative evidence and new insights from malagasy lemurs. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 72(1):111-51.

MacPhee RDE, Raholimavo EM. 1988. Modified subfossil aye-aye incisors from southwestern Madagascar: species allocation and paleoecological significance. Folia Primatol 51(2-3):126-142.

Milliken GW, Ward JP, Erickson CJ. 1991. Independent digit control in foraging by the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Folia Primatol 56(4):219-24.

Mittermeier RA, Tattersall I, Konstant W, Meyers D, Mast R. 1994. Lemurs of Madagascar. Washington DC: Conserv Int. 356 p.

Mittermeier RA, Konstant WR, Hawkins F, Louis EE, Langrand O, Ratsimbazafy J, Rasoloarison R, Ganzhorn JU, Rajaobelina S, Tattersall I, Meyers DM. 2006. Lemurs of Madagascar, second edition. Washington DC: Conserv Int. 520p.

O'connor S, Pidgeon M, Randria Z. 1986. Conservation program for the Andohahela reserve, Madagascar. Prim Conserv (7):48-52.

Petter J-J. 1977. The aye-aye. In: Rainier III (Grimaldi) Prince of Monaco, Bourne GH, editors. Primate conservation. New York: Academic Pr. p37-57.

Petter J-J, Petter A. 1967. The aye-aye of Madagascar. In:Altman SA, editor. Social communication among primates. Chicago:Univ Chicago Pr. p 195-205.

Petter-Rousseaux A, Bourlière F. 1965. Persistence des phénomènes d'ovogénèse chez l'adulte de Daubentonia madagascariensis (Prosimii, Lemuriformes). Folia Primatol 3:241-4.

Petter J-J, Charles-Dominique P. 1979. Vocal communication in prosimians. In: Doyle GA, Martin RD, editors. The study of prosimian behavior. New York: Academic Pr. p 269-70.

Price EC, Feistner ATC. 1994. Responses of captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) to the scent of conspecifics: A preliminary investigation. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):170-4.

Pollock JI, Constable ID, Mittermeier RA, Ratsirarson J, Simons H. 1985. A note on the diet and feeding behavior of the aye-aye Daubentonia madagascariensis. Int J Primatol 6(4):435-47.

Rendall D. 1993. Does female social precedence characterize captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis)? Int J Primatol 14(1):125-30.

Ross C. 2003. Life history, infant care strategies, and brain size in primates. In: Kappeler PM, Pereira ME, editors. Primate life histories and socioecology. Chicago: Univ Chicago Pr. p 266-84.

Rowe N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. East Hampton (NY): Pogonias Pr. 263p.

Simons EL, Meyers DM. 2001. Folklore and beliefs about the aye aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). Lemur News 6:11-6.

Simons EL. 1994. The giant aye-aye Daubentonia robusta. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):14-21.

Simons EL. 1995. History, anatomy, subfossil record and management of Daubentonia Madagascariensis. In: Alterman L, Doyle GA, Izard MK. Creatures of the dark: the nocturnal prosimians. New York: Plenum Pr. p133-40.

Soligo C. 2005. Anatomoy of the hand and arm in Daubentonia madagascariensis: a functional and phylogenetic outlook. Folia Primatol 76(5):262-300.

Soligo C, Müller AE. 1999. Nails and claws in primate evolution. J Hum Evol 36(1):97-114.

Stanger KF, Macedonia JM. 1994. Vocalizations of aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in captivity. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):160-9.

Sterling EJ, Feistner ATC. 2000. Aye-aye. In: Reading RP, Miller B, editors. Endangered animals, a reference guide to conflicting issues. Westport (CT): Greenwood Pr. p45-8.

Sterling EJ. 1993a. Behavioral ecology of the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) on Nosy Mangabe, Madagascar. PhD dissertation, Yale University. 232p.

Sterling E. 2003. Daubentonia madagascariensis, aye-aye, aye-aye. In: Goodman SM, Benstead JP, editors. The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago: Univ Chicago Pr. p 1348-51.

Sterling EJ, Dierenfeld ES, Ashbourne CJ, Feistner ATC. 1994. Dietary intake, food composition and nutrient intake in wild and captive populations of Daubentonia madagascariensis. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):115-24.

Sterling EJ. 1993b. Patterns of range use and social organization in aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) on Nosy Mangabe. In: Kappeler PM & Ganzhorn JU, editors. Lemur social systems and their ecological basis. New York: Plenum Pr. p 1-10.

Sterling EJ. 1995. Social organization in the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) and the perceived distinctiveness of nocturnal primates. In: Alterman L, Doyle GA, Izard MK, editors. Creatures of the dark: the nocturnal prosimians. New York: Plenum Pr. p 439-51.

Sterling E. 1994a. Taxonomy and distribution of Daubentonia: a historical perspective. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):8-13.

Sterling, E. 1994b. Ayes-ayes: Specialists on structurally defended resources. Folia Primatologica 62:142-154.

Sterling, E.J. 1994c. Evidence for non-seasonal reproduction in aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in the wild. Folia Primatologica 62:46-53.

Swindler DR. 2002. Primate dentition: an introduction to the teeth of non-human primates. Cambridge ( UK ): Cambridge Univ Pr. 284p.

Tattersall I. 1982. The primates of Madagascar. New York: Columbia Univ Pr. 382p.

Winn RM. 1989. The aye-ayes, Daubentonia madagascariensis, at the Paris zoological garden: maintenance and preliminary behavioural observations. Folia Primatol 52(3-4):109-23.

Winn RM. 1994b. Development of behaviour in a young aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in captivity. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):93-107.

Winn RM. 1994a. Preliminary study of the sexual behaviour of three aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis) in captivity. Folia Primatol 62(1-3):63-73.

Content last modified: July 27, 2007