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University Level Course Syllabi

PRIMATE BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY (Psychology 380-01--Intro. Level)
Margaret R. Clarke, Ph.D., Tulane Primate Center


PRIMATE BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY (Psychology 380-01--Intro. Level)
      
      	Course instructor:
      
      	Margaret R. Clarke, Ph.D.
      	Adjunct Professor
      	Department of Psychology	
      	Research Scientist, Tulane Primate Center
      	18703 Covington, LA 70433
      	Telephone: 1-892-2040 ext. 316
      	Email: mrclarke@mailhost.tcs.tulane.edu
      
      Teaching assistant:
      
      Marie-Claude Huynen, M.A.
      Ph.D. Candidate
      Department of Psychology
      Email: taude@rs6000.tcs.tulane.edu
      
      BACKGROUND:
      
      The class is an upper division Psychology course with approximately 
      30-40 students. It has a prerequisite of Intro to Psych, but I 
      aim the course at students who come in with no primate background (but 
      are expected to learn it all quickly!). The first file is the
      actual syllabus I handed out, the second file is the one Marie and
      I use to remember what needs to get done for the next class, which 
      also has some added notes about what worked and what didn't. Also--
      the format of this class as once a week has a number of limitations,
      but the students seem to be adapting reasonably well. (We have all
      agreed it would be better to do it over shorter time periods, but 
      this is what we have for this term, so make the best of it!)
      
      COURSE SUMMARY:
      
      This course will familiarize students with the "rules" of and 
      constraints on nonhuman primate social structure, and the diversity 
      and flexibility of primate social behavior. After an introduction to 
      the nonhuman primates (taxonomy and evolutionary history), we will 
      consider ecological influences on social structure and behavior. Then 
      we will explore the theoretical basis for different behavioral 
      "styles" from an evolutionary perspective, ending with a survey of 
      social structure types. Next will be a more detailed examination of 
      different types of behavior (e.g., aggressive, status-related, 
      reproductive) and their functions in primate social groups. While 
      most of the information will come from studies of free-ranging 
      primates, we will end the course with a consideration of studies of 
      captive primates, and information on conservation of nonhuman primate 
      populations. Classes will be supplemented by slides and videos on the 
      appropriate subject.
      
      COURSE OBJECTIVES:
      
      1. To understand the social and physical diversity within the order 
      Primates.
      
      2. To understand the "rules" of social behavior and the ecological 
      influences on behavior.
      
      3. To understand the interplay of natural selection, environment, and 
      behavioral adaptation in nonhuman primates.
      
      GRADING:
      
      EXAMS: There will be two exams, a mid-term (Oct. 19) and a 
      comprehensive final exam (Dec. 14). The test format will be multiple 
      choice, short answer, and essay questions. Exam questions will come 
      from lectures, films and required reading. While most questions from 
      lectures and readings should overlap, information presented in slides 
      and videos may be presented only once. Potential essay questions will 
      be distributed prior to each exam, and will be selected randomly at 
      exam time. 
      
      PAPER: A short paper (5 page double space typed, plus references) on a 
      special topic of interest to each student will be required. Special 
      interest topics can be an in-depth approach to a topic covered in 
      class, a topic of interest in primate studies but not covered in 
      class, or behavioral observations of nonhuman primates. The topic 
      with 5 appropriate references can be handed in at any time before 
      September 28, but the topic must be approved by the Instructor no 
      later than October 5, and the paper will be due November 30. 
      
      ATTENDANCE: Attendance will be taken, and will count toward the final 
      grade. (The percentage of classes missed will be deducted from the 
      attendance total).
      
      TOTAL POINTS AVAILABLE: 300 **(percentages same, points changed)
      
      Mid-term Exam (30%-90 points)
      Special Topic paper (20%--60 points)
      Final Exam (45%--135 points)
      Attendance (5%--15 points)
      
      
      TEXTBOOKS AND SUPPLEMENTAL READINGS
      
      BOOKS:
      
      Required: L.M. Fedigan 1992. Primate Paradigms, Univ. of Chicago 
      Press, Chicago.
      
      Recommended: B.B. Smuts, D.L. Cheney, R.M. Seyfarth, et al (eds) 
      1986. Primate Societies. The University of Chicago Press, 
      Chicago.
      
      ARTICLES:
      
      Required: Dunbar, R.I.M. 1988. pp.33-54 in Primate Social Systems,
      Cornell University Press, Ithaca NY.
      
      Mason, W.A., Mendoza, S.P., 1993. pp. 1-12 (Mason & 
      Mendoza) pp. 13-48 (Mason) and pp 111-127 (deWaal) in
      Primate Social Conflict, SUNY Press, Buffalo N.Y.
      
      Tuttle, R.H. 1990. Apes of the World. American Scientist 
      78:115-125.
      
      Mittermaier, pp. 477-496 in Primate Societies.
      
      King, F.A., 1995. Nonhuman primates in research: A review 
      of their crucial role. Lab Animal Science:24:28-32.
      
      Note: copies of these articles will be made available to students who
      cannot get to the Tulane library.
      
      
      Lecture Schedule and Required and Recommended Readings
      
      
      Date Lecture Readings
      
      
      8/31 Introduction to class syllabus
      
      
      9/7 Introduction to the Primates REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 1
      Taxonomy, Distribution, Evolution Handouts
      rec: Smuts, Ch. 1.
      
      
      9/14 Primates in the Ecological REQ: Dunbar article
      Context (Socioecology) rec: Smuts, Ch. 17-22.
      
      
      9/21 Evolutionary Context of Social REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 18
      Behavior (Sociobiology) rec: Smuts, Ch. 26,31.
      Fedigan, Ch. 2,3.
      
      
      9/28 Sexual Selection REQ: Fedigan Ch. 4,17
      Primate Social Structure REQ: Fedigan Ch. 5 
      HAND IN PAPER TOPIC rec. Smuts, Ch. 16,23.
      
      
      10/5 Aggression & Reconciliation REQ: Mason & Mendoza
      articles (3).
      LAST CALL FOR PAPER TOPICS Fedigan, pp 72-80.
      rec: Smuts, ch. 25,34.
      
      
      10/12 Dominance and Social Status REQ: Fedigan, Ch.7
      rec. Smuts, ch. 32.
      
      
      10/19 MID-TERM EXAM
      
      
      10/26 Kinship and Social Organization REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 9
      rec: Smuts, ch. 24.
      
      
      11/2 Reproductive Strategies REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 10
      of Males and Females. rec: Fedigan, Ch.11
      Smuts, Ch.30, 31.
      
      
      11/9 Behavioral Development REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 12 
      rec. Smuts, Ch. 27-29.
      
      
      11/16 Life in Primate Social Groups: REQ: Fedigan, Ch 14,15,16.
      Consistency and Variability rec. Smuts, Ch. 2-15.
      
      
      11/23 THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY
      (Papers due soon!)
      
      
      11/30 Studies of Captive Primates REQ: King article
      PAPERS DUE AT START OF CLASS
      
      
      12/7 Primate Conservation REQ: Mittermaier article
      Tuttle article.
      
      
      12/14 COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAMINATION
      scheduled 6:00 PM to 10:00 PM.
      
      
      DATES TO REMEMBER:
      
      
      Hand in paper topic before Sept 28.
      Paper topic must be approved by Oct. 5
      
      Mid-term Exam is Oct. 19
      
      Paper is due Nov. 30.
      
      Final Exam is Dec. 14 at 6:00 PM.
      
      (end of student syllabus)
      __________________________________________________________________
      
      TEACHING MATERIALS FOR PROFESSOR AND TEACHING ASSISTANT
      
      LECTURE SCHEDULE AND REQUIRED AND RECOMMENDED READINGS:
      
      
      Date Lecture Readings Lecture Source Add'l Aids
      
      
      8/31 Introduction to class Faculty background, Hand out Syllabus 
      syllabus syllabus, short 
      history of primate 
      behavior 
      
      9/7 Introduction to the Lecture 4--Anthro. HANDOUTS 
      Primates: Taxonomy, slides Projector 
      Distribution, Evolution Univ Wis slides
      Handouts good-(1 hr)
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 1 
      rec: Smuts, Ch. 1.
      
      9/14 Primates in the Dunbar, Ch. 3, 7 
      Ecological Context slides
      REQ: Dunbar article Lewis talk
      rec: Smuts, Ch. 17-22. Sifaka/Indrii
      
      9/21 Evolutionary Context Anthro lecture 5/6 
      of Social Behavior slides
      (Sociobiology) Univ. Wisc. 
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 18 (1 hr)
      rec: Smuts, Ch. 26,31. (use something
      Fedigan, Ch. 2,3. different)
      
      9/28 Sexual Selection Anthro lecture 5/6 Paper topic-
      Primate Social Structure time for
      REQ: Fedigan Ch. 4,17 discussion 
      REQ: Fedigan Ch. 5 (to 9)22 m. Hamadryas
      rec. Smuts, Ch. 16,23. 1 hr. Green video
      
      10/5 Aggression & 
      Reconciliation Mason, DeWaal. video
      REQ: Mason & Mendoza 30 m.Arnheim 
      Fedigan, pp 72-80. Chimps
      rec: Smuts, ch. 25,34. 11 m. Bonobo
      
      
      10/12 Dominance and Social Fedigan ch. 7 Zucker talk--slides
      Status patas, rhesus
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch.7 Sapolsky vid.11m. 
      rec. Smuts, ch. 32. overhead/video 
      
      
      10/19 MID-TERM EXAM 
      
      
      10/26 Kinship and Social Fedigan ch. 9 Kin-nonkin-rhesus
      Organization Video-social 
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 9 primates (to 9)
      rec: Smuts, ch. 24. slides 
      
      
      11/2 Reproductive Strategies Fedigan ch. 10 VIDEO--Rhesus of 
      of Males and Females. Cayo Santiago
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 12 1 hr.
      rec: Fedigan, Ch.11 (Kummer-baboon)
      Smuts, Ch.30, 31. (Wallen/Gordon
      social primates)
      
      11/9 Behavioral Development Fedigan ch. 12 Howlers
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch. 12 slides
      rec. Smuts, Ch. 27-29.
      
      
      11/16 Life in Primate Social Fedigan, review Huynen talk*
      Groups: Consistency L'univers social
      and Variability (video/slides)
      REQ: Fedigan, Ch 14,15,16. *baboons
      rec. Smuts, Ch. 2-15.
      
      
      11/23 THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY'S
      
      
      11/30 Studies of Captive Suomi, Abbott, Coe PAPERS DUE at
      Primates START OF CLASS 
      REQ: King article Video: PrimeTime
      Primates
      Gerone talk
      slides
      
      12/7 Primate Conservation Mittermaier Wisc. Slides 
      REQ: Mittermaier art. Wisconsin slides 
      Tuttle article.
      
      
      12/14 COMPREHENSIVE FINAL EXAMINATION
      scheduled 6:00 PM to 10:00 PM.