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Sherwood Washburn

         Sherwood Washburn, Pioneer in Primate Studies, 
        Dies at 88
        
        By WOLFGANG SAXON (New York Times, April 19, 2000)
         
        Dr. Sherwood Larned Washburn, an anthropologist and pioneering 
        primatologist who linked the evolution of human behavior traits to
        the actions of apes and monkeys, died on Sunday at a hospital near
        his home in Berkeley, Calif. He was 88.  
         
        Washburn was an emeritus professor of anthropology at the
        University of California at Berkeley, where he taught and worked
        from 1958 to 1978. He helped the university become a leader in
        primatology during his tenure with his study of baboon colonies in
        Kenya.  
         
        His work also took him to remote areas of Sri Lanka, Thailand,
        Borneo and South Africa, where he made friends with the famous
        fossil-hunting Leakey family. On campus, Washburn's lectures
        inspired standing ovations from his students.  
         
        In his research, Washburn took a holistic approach, proceeding from
        anatomy to function and behavior.  
         
        In the classroom and on the printed page, he explained how bones,
        joints and muscles were related to movement and social behavior in
        humans and other primates. He wrote many articles, and his books
        included "Human Evolution: Biosocial Perspectives" and "Ape Into
        Human: A Study of Human Evolution."  
         
        Sherwood Washburn, known as Sherry, was born in Cambridge, Mass.
        He graduated from Groton School in 1931 and, summa cum laude, from
        Harvard in 1935. He received his doctorate in anthropology from
        Harvard in 1940.  
         
        He started his academic career as an instructor at Columbia
        University in 1939 and soon after became an assistant professor of
        anatomy. From 1947 until his appointment at Berkeley he was based
        at the University of Chicago. At Berkeley he was given the rare
        title of university professor in 1975.  
         
        He won nearly every medal and prize given in his field, including
        the Wenner-Gren Foundation's Viking Medal in 1960, the Huxley Medal
        in 1967 and the Distinguished Service Award of the American
        Anthropological Association in 1983. The Fourth International
        Congress of Primatology in 1972 was dedicated to him.  
         
        "Sherry Washburn was one of the great pioneers of the modern life
        sciences," said Dr. David A. Hamburg, president emeritus of the
        Carnegie Foundation. "He brought together an unprecedented variety
        of disciplines to provide insight into the evolutionary origins of
        human anatomy and behavior. He opened up the study of primate
        behavior in natural habitats."  
         
        Washburn is survived by two sons, Sherwood, of Brooklyn, N.Y., and
        Stan, of Berkeley; a brother, Dr. Bradford Washburn, of Lexington,
        Mass.; and six grandchildren. His wife, Henrietta Pease Washburn,
        died in 1985 after 47 years of marriage.