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Primate Taxonomy

Page 67

67) The other great ape species all live in Africa. Although they belong to the same species, scientists recognize two types or subspecies of gorilla -- the mountain gorilla (top) and lowland gorilla (bottom). Gorillas are exclusively vegetarian, eating roots, leaves and vines. The largest primates are adult male gorillas, weighing 350 pounds or more. Mature males are called silverbacks because of their characteristic coat color. Split-screen -- two gorilla groups. On top, three mountain gorillas with silverback male in center (photo taken African forest), on the bottom lowland gorillas living in a zoo.
Notes: Split-screen -- two gorilla groups. On top, three mountain gorillas with silverback male in center (photo taken African forest), on the bottom lowland gorillas living in a zoo.
Scientific name: Gorilla gorilla beringei (mountain gorilla) Gorilla gorilla gorilla (lowland gorilla)
The concept of subspecies may be new to students. The scientific name of the lowland gorilla is one of the easiest primate names to remember.
Photo © by: Nancy Staley (bottom), Bill Weber & Amy Vedder (top)

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