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Primates Described Since 1990

Data provided by Anthony Rylands.

The following species and subspecies have been described since 1990. Please note that this list is presented without any judgement as to the validity or otherwise of the various primates described.

68 primates described since 1990.

New World Monkeys
Latin nameDescribed inCommon name
Callicebus aureipalatii Wallace et al. 2006 golden palace monkey
Callicebus bernhardi Van Roosmalen et al. 2000 Prince Bernhard's titi
Callicebus coimbrai Kobayashi and Langguth 1999 Coimbra's titi
Callicebus personatus barbarabrownae
Also known as: Callicebus barbarabrownae
Hershkovitz 1990 Barbara Brown's titi
Callicebus stephennashi Van Roosmalen et al. 2000 Stephen Nash's titi
Callithrix acariensis Van Roosmalen et al. 2000 Rio Acari marmoset
Callithrix argentata marcai
Also known as: Callithrix marcai
Alperin 1993 Marca's marmoset
Callithrix humilis Van Roosmalen et al. 1998 Roosmalen's dwarf marmoset
Callithrix manicorensis Van Roosmalen et al. 2000 Manicore marmoset
Callithrix mauesi Mittermeier, Schwarz and Ayres 1992 Rio Maues marmoset
Callithrix nigriceps Ferrari and Lopes 1992 black-headed marmoset
Callithrix saterei Silva and Noronha 1998 Satere marmoset
Cebus kaapori Queiroz 1992 Kaapori capuchin
Cebus queirozi Pontes, Malta and Asfora 2006 blond capuchin
Leontopithecus caissara Lorini and Persson 1990 black-faced lion tamarin
Old World Monkeys
Latin nameDescribed inCommon name
Cercopithecus cephus ngottoensis Colyn 1999 white-nosed moustached monkey
Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki Grubb, Lernould and Oates 1999 Nigeria white-throated guenon
Colobus badius semlikiensis
Also known as: Piliocolobus foai semlikiensis
Colyn 1991 red colobus
Lophocebus kipunji Jones et al. 2005 highland mangabey
Macaca munzala Sinha et al. 2005 Arunachal macaque
Macaca pagensis siberu
Also known as: Macaca siberu
Fuentes and Olson 1995 Siberut macaque
Miopithecus ogouensis Kingdon 1997 Gabon talapoin
Presbytis melalophos bicolor Aimi and Bakar 1992 Sumatran surili
Procolobus badius epieni
Also known as: Piliocolobus pennantii epieni
Grubb and Powell 1999 Niger Delta red colobus
Pygathrix nemaeus cinerea
Also known as: Pygathrix cinerea
Nadler 1997 gray-shanked douc langur
Rhinopithecus roxellana hubeiensis Wang, Jiang and Li 1998 Hubei golden snub-nosed monkey
Rhinopithecus roxellana qinlingensis Wang, Jiang and Li 1998 Qinling golden snub-nosed monkey
Rhinopithecus strykeri Geissman et al. 2010 Burmese snub-nosed monkey
Semnopithecus auratus ebenus
Also known as: Trachypithecus ebenus
Brandon-Jones 1995 Indochinese black langur
Trachypithecus geei bhutanensis Wangchuk, Inouye and Hare 2003 Bhutan langur
Prosimians
Latin nameDescribed inCommon name
Avahi cleesei Thalmann and Geissmann 2005 Cleese's woolly lemur
Avahi unicolor Thalmann and Geissmann 2000 Sambirano woolly lemur
Cheirogaleus minusculus Groves 2000 lesser iron gray dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus ravus Groves 2000 greater iron gray dwarf lemur
Galagoides rondoensis
Also known as: Galago rondoensis
Honess 1996 Rondo bushbaby
Galagoides udzungwensis
Also known as: Galago udzungwensis
Honess 1996 Uzungwa bushbaby
Lepilemur aeeclis Andriaholinirina et al. 2006 Antafia sportive lemur
Lepilemur ahmansoni Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Ahmanson's sportive lemur
Lepilemur betsileo Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Betsileo sportive lemur
Lepilemur fleuretae Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Fleurete's sportive lemur
Lepilemur grewcocki Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Grewcock's sportive lemur
Lepilemur hubbardi Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Hubbard's sportive lemur
Lepilemur jamesi Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 James' sportive lemur
Lepilemur milanoii Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Dariana sportive lemur
Lepilemur mittermeieri Rabarivola et al. 2006 Mittermeier's sportive lemur
Lepilemur petteri Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Petter's sportive lemur
Lepilemur randrinanasoli Andriaholinirina et al. 2006 Randrianasolo's sportive lemur
Lepilemur sahamalazensis Andriaholinirina et al. 2006 Sahamalaza Peninsula sportive lemur
Lepilemur seali Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Seal's sportive lemur
Lepilemur tymerlachsoni Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Hawks' sportive lemur
Lepilemur wrighti Louis, Engberg et al. 2006 Wright's sportive lemur
Microcebus berthae Rasoloarison et al. 2000 Madame Berthe's mouse lemur
Microcebus jollyae Louis, Coles et al. 2006 Jolly's mouse lemur
Microcebus lehilahytsara Roos and Kappeler in Kappeler et al. 2005 Goodman's mouse lemur
Microcebus mamiratra Andriantompohavana et al. 2006 Claire's mouse lemur
Microcebus mittermeieri Louis, Coles et al. 2006 Mittermeier's mouse lemur
Microcebus ravelobensis Zimmerman et al. 1998 golden-brown mouse lemur
Microcebus sambiranensis Rasoloarison et al. 2000 Sambirano mouse lemur
Microcebus simmonsi Louis, Coles et al. 2006 Simmons' mouse lemur
Microcebus tavaratra Rasoloarison et al. 2000 northern brown mouse lemur
Mirza zaza Roos and Kappeler in Kappeler et al. 2005 northern giant mouse lemur
Phaner furcifer electromontis
Also known as: Phaner electromontis
Groves and Tattersall 1991 Amber Mountain fork-marked dwarf lemur
Phaner furcifer pallescens
Also known as: Phaner pallescens
Groves and Tattersall 1991 western fork-crowned dwarf lemur
Phaner furcifer parienti
Also known as: Phaner parienti
Groves and Tattersall 1991 Sambirano fork-crowned dwarf lemur
Pseudopotto martini Schwartz 1996 false potto
Tarsius dianae
Also known as: Tarsius dentatus
Niemitz et al. 1991 Dian's tarsier
Tarsius lariang Merker and Groves 2006 Lariang tarsier
Tarsius wallacei Merker et al. 2010 Wallace's tarsier

REFERENCES

Aimi, M. and Bakar, A. 1992. Taxonomy and distribution of Presbytis melalophos group in Sumatra, Indonesia. Primates 33: 191-206. Find in PrimateLit

Alperin, R. 1993. Callithrix argentata (Linnaeus, 1771): considerações taxonômicas e descrição de subespécie nova. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi, Sér. Zool. 9(2): 317- 328. Find in PrimateLit

Andriaholinirina, N., Fausser, J.-L., Roos, C., Rabarivola, C., Ravoarimanana, I., Zinner, D., Thalmann,U., Ganzhorn, J. U., Meier, B., Hilgartner, R.,Walter, L., Zaramody, A., Langer, C., Hahn, T., Zimmermann, E., Radespiel, U., Craul, M., Tomiuk, J., Tattersall, I. and Rumpler, Y. 2006. Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the sportive lemurs (Lepilemur, Primates). BMC Evolutionary Biology 6:17. Find in PrimateLit

Andriantompohavana, R. Zaonarivelo, J. R., Engberg, S. E., Randriamampionona, R., McGuire, S. M., Shore, G. D., Rakotonomenjanahary, R., Brenneman, R. A. & Louis Jr., E. E. 2006. Mouse lemurs of northwestern Madagascar with a description of a new species at Lokobe Special Reserve, Occ. Pap. Mus. Texas Tech Univ. (259): 1-24. Find in PrimateLit

Brandon-Jones, D. 1995. A revision of the Asian pied leaf monkeys (Mammalia: Cercopithecidae; Superspecies Semnopithecus auratus), with a description of a new subspecies. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 43(1): 3-43. Find in PrimateLit

Colyn, M. 1991. L’ importance zoogéographique du bassin du fleuve Zaïre pour la speciation: La cas des Primates Simiens. Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika, Tervuren, België, Annalen. Zoologische Wetenschappen 264: i-ix, 1-250. Find in PrimateLit

Colyn, M. 1999. Ètude populationnelle de la super-espèce Cercopithecus cephus habitant l’enclave forestière Sangha-Oubangui (République Centrafricaine). Description de C. cephus ngottoensis subsp.nov.) Mammalia 63(2): 137-147. Find in PrimateLit

Davenport, T. R. B., Stanley, W. T., Sargis, E., De Luca, D. W., Mpunga, N. E., Machaga, S. J. and Olson, L. 2006. A new genus of African monkey, Rungwecebus: morphology, ecology and molecular phylogenetics. Science 312: 1378-1381. Find in PrimateLit

Ferrari, S. F. and Lopes, M.A. 1992. A new species of marmoset, genus Callithrix Erxleben 1777 (Callitrichidae, Primates) from western Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana Zoologia (12): 1-3. Find in PrimateLit

Froehlich, J. W., Supriatna, J., Hart, V. Akbar, S. and Babo, R. 1998. The Balan of Balantak: A possible new species of macaque in Central Sulawesi. Tropical Biodiversity 5(3): 167-184. Find in PrimateLit

Fuentes, A. and Olson, M. 1995. Preliminary observations and status of the Pagai macaque. Asian Primates 4(4): 1-4. (See Groves, C. P. 1986. The nomenclature of the Tanzanian mangabey and the Siberut macaque. Australian Primatol. 10(4): 2-5.) (See also: Whitten, A. J. and Whitten, J. E. J. 1982. Preliminary observations of the Mentawai macaque on Siberut Island, Indonesia. Int. J. Primatol. 3: 445-459) Find in PrimateLit

Geissmann T., Lwin N., Aung S. S., Aung T. N., Aung Z. M., Hla T. H., Grindley M., Momberg F. 2010. A New Species of Snub-Nosed Monkey, Genus Rhinopithecus Milne-Edwards, 1872 (Primates, Colobinae), From Northern Kachin State, Northeastern Myanmar. American Journal of Primatology [Epub ahead of print]. Find article online

Groves C. and Tatterall I. 1991. Geographical variation in the fork-marked lemur, Phaner furcifer (Primates, Cheirogaleidae). Folia Primatologia 56: 39-49. Find in PrimateLit

Groves, C. P. 2000. The genus Cheirogaleus: Unrecognized biodiversity in dwarf lemurs. Int. J. Primatol. 21(6): 943-962. Find in PrimateLit

Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. Find in PrimateLit

Grubb, P. and Powell, C. B. 1999. Discovery of red colobus monkeys (Procolobus badius) in the Niger Delta with the description of a new and geographically isolated subspecies. J. Zool., Lond. 248: 67-73. Find in PrimateLit

Grubb, P., Lernould, J.-M. and Oates, J. F. 1999. Validation of Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki as the name for the Nigerian white-throated guenon. Mammalia 63(3): 389-392. Find in PrimateLit

Hershkovitz, P. 1990. Titis, New World monkeys of the genus Callicebus (Cebidae, Platyrrhini): a preliminary taxonomic review. Fieldiana, Zoology, New Series, (55): 1-109. Find in PrimateLit

Honess, P. E. 1996. Speciation Among Galagos (Primates: Galagidae) in Tanzanian Forests. Ph.D thesis, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK Find in PrimateLit

Honess, P. E. and Bearder, S. 1996. Descriptions of the dwarf galago species of Tanzania. African Primates 2(2); 75-79. Find in PrimateLit

Jones, T., Ehardt, C. L., Butynski, T. M., Davenport, T. R. B., Mpunga, N. E., Machaga, S. J. and De Luca, D. W. 2005. The highland mangabey Lophocebus kipunji: A new species of African monkey. Science 308: 1161-1164. Find in PrimateLit

Kappler P., Rasoloarison R., Razafimanantsoa L., Walter L. and Roos C. 2005. Morphology, behaviour and molecular evolution of giant mouse lemurs (Mirza spp.) gray, 1970, with description of a new species. Primate Report 71: 3-26. Find in PrimateLit

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, San Diego. Find in PrimateLit

Kobayashi, S. and Langguth, A. 1999. A new species of titi monkey, Callicebus Thomas, from north-eastern Brazil (Primates, Cebidae). Revta. Bras. Zool. 16(2): 531-551. Find in PrimateLit

Lorini M. and Persson V. 1990. [New species of Leontopithecus, Lesson 1840 from Southern Brazil (Primates, Callitrichidae).] Boletim do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janiero -- Zoologia 338: 1-14 Find in PrimateLit

Louis Jr. E. E., Coles, M. S., Andriantompohavana, R., Sommer, J. A., Engberg, S. E., Zaonarivelo, J. R., Mayor, M. I. and Brenneman, R. A. 2006. Revision of the mouse lemurs (Primates, Microcebus) of Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 27(2): 347-389. Find in PrimateLit

Louis Jr., E. E., Engberg, S. E., Lei, R., Geng, H., Sommer, J. A., Randriamampionona, R., Randriamanana, J. C., Zaonarivelo, J. R., Andriantompohavana, R., Randria, G., Prosper, Ramaromilanto, B., Rakotoarisoa, G., Rooney, A. and Brenneman, R. A. 2006. Molecular and morphological analyses of the sportive lemurs (Family Megaladapidae: Genus Lepilemur) reveals 11 previously unrecognized species. Spec. Publ. Texas Tech Univ. (49): 1-47. Website: < http://www.omahazoo.com/ccr/genetics/papers/lepi11.pdf>. Find in PrimateLit

Merker, S. and Groves, C. P. 2006. Tarsius lariang: A new primate species from western central Sulawesi. Int. J. Primatol. 27(2): 465-485. Find in PrimateLit

Merker, S., Driller, C., Dahruddin, H., Wirdateti, Sinaga, W., Perwitasari-Farajallah, D. and Shekelle, M. 2010. Tarsius wallacei: A new tarsier species from Central Sulawesi occupies a discontinuous range. International Journal of Primatology [EPub ahead of print]. Find article online

Mittermeier, R. A., Schwarz, M. and Ayres, J. M. 1992a. A new species of marmoset, genus Callithrix Erxleben 1777 (Callitrichidae, Primates), from the Rio Maués region, state of Amazonas, Central Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana Zoologia (14): 1-17. Find in PrimateLit

Nadler, T. von. 1997. A new subspecies of douc langur, Pygathrix nemaeus cinereus ssp. nov. Zool. Garten N. Z. 67(4): 165-176. Find in PrimateLit

Niemitz, C., Nietsch, A., Warter, S. and Rumpler Y. 1991. Tarsius dianae: a new primate species from Central Sulawesi (Indonesia). Folia Primatol. 56:105-116. Find in PrimateLit

Pontes, A. R. M., Malta, A and Asfora, P. H. 2006. A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus, Erxleben (Cebidae, Primates): found at the very brink of extinction in the Pernambuco Endemism Center. Zootaxa 1200: 1–12. Website: http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/. Accessed 15 May 2006. Find in PrimateLit

Queiroz, H. L. 1992. A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben 1977 (Cebidae, Primates), from eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana Zoologia (15): 1-3. Find in PrimateLit

Rabarivola, C., Zaramody, A., Fausser, J.-L., Andriaholinirina, N., Roos, C., Zinner, D., Marcel H. and Rumpler, Y. 2006. Cytogenetic and molecular characteristics of a new species of sportive lemur from northern Madagascar. Lemur News (11): 45-49. Find in PrimateLit

Rasoloarison, R. M., Goodman, S. M. and Ganzhorn, J. U. 2000. Taxonomic revision of mouse lemurs (Microcebus) in the western portions of Madagascar. Int. J. Primatol. 21(6): 963-1019. Find in PrimateLit

Schwartz, J., H. 1996. Pseudopotto martini: A new genus and species of extant lorisiforme primate. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History 78: 1-14. (See also Groves, C. P. 1997-1998. Pseudopotto martini: A new potto? African Primates 3(1-2): 42-43; Bearder, S. 1997-1998. Pseudopotto: When is a potto not a potto? African Primates 3(1-2): 43-44; Sarmiento, E. 1997-1998. The validity of “Pseudopotto martini”. African Primates 3(1-2): 44-45. Find in PrimateLit

Silva Jr., J. S. and Noronha, M. de A. 1998. On a new species of bare-eared marmoset, genus Callithrix Erxleben, 1777, from central Amazonia, Brazil (Primates: Callitrichidae). Goeldiana Zoologia (21): 1-28. Find in PrimateLit

Sinha, A., Datta, A., Madhusudan, M. D. and Mishra, C. 2005. Macaca munzala: A new species from western Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. Int. J. Primatol. 26(4): 977-989. Supriatna, J. and Hendras, W., E. 2000. Primata Indonesia. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta. 332pp. Find in PrimateLit

Thalmann, U. and Geissmann, T. 2000. Distribution and geographic variation in the western woolly lemur (Avahi occidentalis) with description of a new species (A. unicolor). Int. J. Primatol. 21(6): 915-941. Find in PrimateLit

Thalmann, U. and Geissmann, T. 2005. New species of woolly lemur Avahi (Primates: Lemuriformes) from Bemaraha (Central Western Madagascar). Am. J. Primatol. 67(3): 371-376. Find in PrimateLit

Van Roosmalen, M. G. M., Van Roosmalen, T. and Mittermeier, R. A. 2002. A taxonomic review of the titi monkeys, genus Callicebus Thomas, 1903. with the description of two new species, Callicebus bernhardi and Callicebus stephennashi. Neotrop. Primates 10(suppl.): 1-52. Find in PrimateLit

Van Roosmalen, M. G. M., Van Roosmalen, T., Mittermeier, R. A. and Fonseca, G. A. B. da. 1998. A new and distinctive species of marmoset (Callitrichidae, Primates) from the lower Rio Aripuanã, state of Amazonas, central Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana Zoologia (22): 1-27. Find in PrimateLit

Van Roosmalen, M. G. M., Van Roosmalen, T., Mittermeier, R. A. and Rylands, A. B. 2000. Two new Species of marmoset, genus Callithrix Erxleben, 1777 (Callitrichidae, Primates), from the Tapajós/Madeira interfluvium, south central Amazonia, Brazil. Neotrop. Primates 8(1): 1-18. Find in PrimateLit

Wallace, R. B., Gómez, H., Felton A. and Felton A. M. 2006. On a new species of titi monkey, genus Callicebus Thomas (Primates, Pitheciidae) from western Bolivia with preliminary notes on distribution and abundance. Primate Conserv. (20): 29-39. Find in PrimateLit

Wang Y., Jiang X. and Li D. 1998. Classification and distribution of the extant subspecies of golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus [Rhinopithecus] roxellana). In: The Natural History of the Doucs and Snub-nosed Monkeys, N. G. Jablonski (ed.), pp.53-64. Recent Advances in Human Biology, Vol. 4. World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore. (See also: Wang Y., Jiang X. and Lid D. 1994. Classification of existing subspecies on golden snub-nosed monkey, Rhinopithecus roxellana (Colobinae, Primates). In: Handbook and Absrtracts. XVth Congress of the International Primatological Society, 3-8 August 1994, Kuta, Bali, Indonesia, p.277. Abstract) Find in PrimateLit

Wangchuk, T., Inouye, D. W. and Hare, M. P. 2003. A new subspecies of golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) from Bhutan. Folia Primatologica 74: 104-108. Find in PrimateLit

Zimmerman, E., Cepok, S., Rakotoarison, N., Zietemann, V. and Radespiel, U. 1998. Sympatric mouse lemurs in north-west Madagascar: A new rufous mouse lemur species. Folia Primatol. 69: 106-114. Find in PrimateLit