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Capuchin Monkey Basic Information and Diet

      (Cebus apella, capucinus, nigrivittatus, albifrons)
      
      The species are diurnal. They are not seasonal breeders.
      Average weight of an adult ranges from 2 - 4 kg (males larger)
      Locomotory pattern is quadrupedal walking and leaping.
      Adults in the wild frequently make jumps of approximately 3 meters.
      Social structure is non-monogamous and non-solitary
      Group size varies around 10-35 individuals, average around 15-20
      Number of adult males within one group is >=1. Males transfer between
      groups.
      Individuals transfer between groups after 2-5 yrs of age. Intergroup
      encounters are not tolerant.
      All capuchins live in dense habitat. They are arboreal and usually
      sleep on a branch. They do not build nests.
      Food: fruits, leaves, insects, small animals. Some eat oysters, crabs,
      bark and gum, nuts, seeds, flowers.
      
      (from: Griede, T. Guidelines for adequate housing and care of non-human
      primates in zoos. Natl Fndation for Research in Zoological Gardens, POB
      20164, 1000 HD Amsterdam, 1989)
      
      DIET
      
      For 1 animal 2-3 lb animal. Increase portions proportionately for
      increased body weight. Do not overfeed. Monkeys waste a lot of food if
      excess is given and may overindulge which can lead to bloating. Fruits
      and veggies should be cut into pieces appropriate for the monkey's
      small hands. New World Monkey Chow can be soaked in Marmoset jelly or
      fruit juice. Moist foods can be sprinkled with a vitamin mineral powder
      such as Vionate. (approx 1/4 tsp per animal per day). Food should be
      offered at set times of the day.
      
      A.M.
      
      1-3 oz canned primate diet (cut in small pieces) Zupreem, Science Diet
      10-12 pieces of soaked New World Monkey Biscuit (Mazuri, Spectrum,
      Purina, etc.) or can be offered dry up
      1/3 cup depending on size of the monkey. Soaking in fruit juice may
      increase palatability during conversion from poor diets.
      
      P. M.
      
      M-W-F
      
      1/8 apple
      2 slices of banana 1/2'd
      2 grapes 1/2'd
      1 TBS diced orange
      1/2 slice sweet potato (chopped)
      1 1/2 TBS lettuce mix* (Romaine, cabbage, & celery)
      4 primate biscuits (soaked in orange juice/mjelly)
      8 peanuts
      1 TBS sunflower seeds
      1" piece of carrot - chopped
      1/8 slice of whole wheat bread cubed
      4 snow peas
      
      TU-TH-SA-SU
      
      2 slices of banana 1/2'd
      1 TBS diced orange
      green beans cut
      1/4 hard boiled egg with shell (cut up)
      1 TBS corn (thawed frozen or fresh)
      5 peanuts
      1 TBS sunflower seeds
      1 heaping TBS avocado
      few sprigs of parsely
      1 heaping TBS black-eyed peas (shelled)
      1/2 slice turnip
      1 oz canned primate diet (cut in small pieces)
      4 primate biscuits (soaked in fruit juice or M.jelly)
      1/4 slice whole wheat bread cubed
      
      occasional cricket (cricket shold be dusted in vionate) as a treat.
      Some will really enjoy this, others won't know what to do with it.
      Other meats such as cooked fish, chicken, turkey, beef are sometimes
      enjoyed.  Offer teaspoon-sized portions. Minimize intake of human
      sweets, dessert foods, milk products, carbohydrates and fats. It is ok
      to give the monkey one human children's vitamin tablet 2 - 3 X a week.
      Avoid foods which have been enriched with iron such as fortified
      cereals. Other treats occassionally: soaked raisins, other types of
      fruit - portion of treat/day should be less than 1 teaspoon in volume!
      
      * Lettuce mix ingredients are placed in a chopper and mixed. Use long
      and thin pieces.